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    Gulf War Weapons (Desert Storm)

    Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 2/5/2016

    Or "How to decimate the 4th largest army in the world in 24 hours or less".





    The Persian Gulf War of 1991 was the first major "digitally-assisted" conflict of the modern age - aircraft being armed with advanced "smart" technology and aided through GPS navigation. Among the various technological debuts for the Americans was the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk "stealth fighter" which stood out in the opening phases of the air war. The advanced aircraft led the bombing sorties of Day 1 across the night skies over Iraq, clearing the way for the rest of the coalition bombers and strike fighters to come. The weapons of Desert Storm brought together a collection of military equipment stemming from several world powers including Britain and France and was fought from the air, land, and sea against what was once termed "the fourth largest land army in the world".


    In an area where tribal and religious issues often lead to war, the Persian Gulf War of 1991 was a war about oil as Iraq invaded the small, oil-rich Gulf nation of Kuwait - a United States ally. For the moment, Saddam Hussein of Iraq controlled roughly 24 percent of the world's oil supply and the world assumption of the time assumed oil-rich Saudi Arabia would be targeted next to increase Iraqi control to nearly 44 percent of the world's oil reserves. As it stood, the world powers - under the banner of the United Nations - lay down an unheeded ultimatum to Iraq which led to total war in the region.


    In the end, the Iraqi Army was a devastated and broken Third World entity and the nation's infrastructure lay in ruins. Much of her Air Force was either destroyed while still on the ground or fled to neighboring Iran. The ground element of the Iraqi military proved no different as scores of infantry surrendered to the coalition or retreated back onto Iraqi soil. For the Americans, the overwhelming victory helped to clear the still-fresh failure of the Vietnam War and helped to test out all-new technologies on a grand stage. By the end of it all, Saddam Hussein found himself with less of an army to lead, less of a territory to move freely about thanks to enforced "No-Fly" zones over the north and south of his country, and growing internal instability for the Iraqi dictator.


    Aircraft

    Bell AH-1 Cobra
    Bell AH-1 SuperCobra
    Bell OH-58C Kiowa
    Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
    Boeing E-3 Sentry (AWACS)
    Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II
    General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
    General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark
    Grumman A-6 Intruder
    Grumman C-2 Greyhound
    Grumman E-2 Hawkeye
    Grumman F-14 Tomcat
    Hughes AH-64A Apache
    IAI / AAI Pioneer UAV
    Kaman SH-2 Seasprite
    Lockheed C-130 Hercules
    Lockheed C-141 Starlifter
    Lockheed C-5 Galaxy
    Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk
    Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon
    Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird
    McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II
    McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
    McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle
    McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet
    McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
    McDonnell Douglas F-4 "Wild Weasel"
    North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco
    Vought / LTV A-7 Corsair II



    Land Systems

    AAV-7 (LVTP-7)
    LAV-25 IFV
    M1 Abrams MBT
    M2 Bradley IFV
    M3 Bradley
    M198 155mm Field Gun
    M109 155mm SPA
    M110 203mm SPA
    M163 Vulcan ADS
    • Lance Battlefield Support Missile
    M270 MLRS
    M35 (G742) "Duece-and-a-Half" Truck
    M60 Patton MBT
    M60 AVLB Bridgelayer
    M730 Chaparral ADS
    M9 ACE Combat Earthmover)
    M93 Fox 6x6 Vehicle
    M981 FIST-V Target Designator Vehicle
    M998 HUMVEE High Mobility Vehicle
    Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG Truck
    M727 Hawk SAM System
    MIM-104 Patriot SAM System



    Navy

    USS America (CV-66)
    • USS Bunker Hill (CG-52)
    USS Midway (CV-41)
    USS Missouri (BB-64)
    • USS Nicholas (FFG-47)
    • USS Princeton (CG-59)
    USS Ranger (CV-61)
    • USS San Jacinto (CG-56)
    • USS Tripoli (LPH-10)
    USS Wisconsin (BB-63)



    Aircraft

    Aerospatiale Gazelle
    Dassault Mirage F1
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Fishbed)
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger)
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Foxbat)
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 (Fulcrum)
    Sukhoi Su-17 (Fitter-C)
    Sukhoi Su-20 (Fitter-B)
    Sukhoi Su-22 (Fitter)
    Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)
    Sukhoi Su-25 (Frogfoot)
    Ilyushin IL-76 (Candid)



    Land Systems

    • 9K52 Luna-M (Frog-7) Battlefield Missile System
    BMD-1 IFV
    BMP-1 IFV
    BTR-60 8x8 APC
    T-55 MBT
    T-62 MBT
    T-72 (Ural) MBT
    Type 63 APC
    Type 69 MBT
    SS-1 SCUD Battlefield Missile System
    SA-2 (Guideline) / S-75 Dvina SAM System
    SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub SAM System
    SA-13 (Gopher / 9K35 Strela-10) SAM System



    Aircraft

    McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet



    Aircraft

    Panavia Tornado



    Aircraft

    Blackburn Buccaneer
    Handley Page Victor Aerial Tanker
    Panavia Tornado ADV
    Panavia Tornado IDS
    SEPECAT Jaguar
    Westland Lynx



    Land Systems

    Alvis Scimitar
    Challenger 1 MBT
    FV501 Warrior IFV



    Aircraft

    IAI Kfir



    Aircraft

    Panavia Tornado ECR




    Aircraft

    Dassault Mirage 2000
    SEPECAT Jaguar
    Sud Aviation SA 330 Puma



    Land Systems

    Centurion MBT