Military Factory
Military Factory

Gulf War Weapons (Desert Storm)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 10/23/2014

Or "How to decimate the 4th largest army in the world in 24 hours or less".

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The Persian Gulf War of 1991 was the first major "digitally-assisted" conflict of the modern age - aircraft being armed with advanced "smart" technology and aided through GPS navigation. Among the various technological debuts for the Americans was the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk "stealth fighter" which stood out in the opening phases of the air war. The advanced aircraft led the bombing sorties of Day 1 across the night skies over Iraq, clearing the way for the rest of the coalition bombers and strike fighters to come. The weapons of Desert Storm brought together a collection of military equipment stemming from several world powers including Britain and France and was fought from the air, land, and sea against what was once termed "the fourth largest land army in the world".


In an area where tribal and religious issues often lead to war, the Persian Gulf War of 1991 was a war about oil as Iraq invaded the small, oil-rich Gulf nation of Kuwait - a United States ally. For the moment, Saddam Hussein of Iraq controlled roughly 24 percent of the world's oil supply and the world assumption of the time assumed oil-rich Saudi Arabia would be targeted next to increase Iraqi control to nearly 44 percent of the world's oil reserves. As it stood, the world powers - under the banner of the United Nations - lay down an unheeded ultimatum to Iraq which led to total war in the region.


In the end, the Iraqi Army was a devastated and broken Third World entity and the nation's infrastructure lay in ruins. Much of her Air Force was either destroyed while still on the ground or fled to neighboring Iran. The ground element of the Iraqi military proved no different as scores of infantry surrendered to the coalition or retreated back onto Iraqi soil. For the Americans, the overwhelming victory helped to clear the still-fresh failure of the Vietnam War and helped to test out all-new technologies on a grand stage. By the end of it all, Saddam Hussein found himself with less of an army to lead, less of a territory to move freely about thanks to enforced "No-Fly" zones over the north and south of his country, and growing internal instability for the Iraqi dictator.


Aircraft

Bell AH-1 Cobra Attack Helicopter
Bell AH-1 SuperCobra Attack Helicopter
Bell OH-58C Kiowa Light Helicopter
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress Heavy Bomber
Boeing E-3 Sentry (AWACS)
Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark
Grumman A-6 Intruder Attack Aircraft
Grumman C-2 Greyhound Transport
Grumman E-2 Hawkeye ACC Aircraft
Grumman F-14 Tomcat Fleet Defense Fighter
Hughes AH-64A Apache Attack Helicopter
Kaman SH-2 Seasprite Helicopter
Lockheed C-130 Hercules Transport
Lockheed C-141 Starlifter Transport
Lockheed C-5 Galaxy Strategic Transport
Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter
Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird Spyplane
McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II VTOL Strike Aircraft
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle Fighter
McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle Strike Aircraft
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet Navy Fighter
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II Fighter
McDonnell Douglas F-4 "Wild Weasel" Air Defense Suppression
North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco
Vought / LTV A-7 Corsair II Strike Aircraft



Land Systems

AAV-7 (LVTP-7) Amphibious Assault Vehicle
LAV-25 Infantry Fighting Vehicle
M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank
M2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle
M3 Bradley Scout Vehicle
M198 155mm Towed Field Gun
M109 155mm Self-Propelled Artillery
M110 203mm Self-Propelled Artillery
M163 Vulcan Air Defense System
• Lance Battlefield Support Missile
M270 MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System)
M35 (G742) "Duece and a Half" Military Truck
M60 Patton Main Battle Tank
M60 AVLB Bridgelayer
M730 Chaparral Air Defense System
M9 ACE (Armored Combat Earthmover)
M93 Fox 6x6 Vehicle
M981 FIST-V Target Designator Vehicle
M998 HUMVEE High Mobility Vehicle
Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG Truck
M727 Hawk Surface-to-Air Missile System
MIM-104 Patriot Surface-to-Air Missile System



Navy

USS America (CV-66)
• USS Bunker Hill (CG-52)
USS Midway (CV-41)
USS Missouri (BB-64)
• USS Nicholas (FFG-47)
• USS Princeton (CG-59)
USS Ranger (CV-61)
• USS San Jacinto (CG-56)
• USS Tripoli (LPH-10)
USS Wisconsin (BB-63)



Aircraft

Aerospatiale Gazelle Light Helicopter
Dassault Mirage F1 Multi-Role Fighter
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Fishbed) Fighter
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger) Fighter
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Foxbat) Interceptor
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 (Fulcrum) Multi-Role Fighter
Sukhoi Su-17 (Fitter-C) Fighter
Sukhoi Su-20 (Fitter-B) Fighter
Sukhoi Su-22 (Fitter) Fighter
Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer) Long-Range Strike
Sukhoi Su-25 (Frogfoot) Attack Aircraft
Ilyushin IL-76 (Candid) Strategic Transport



Land Systems

• 9K52 Luna-M (Frog-7) Battlefield Missile System
BMD-1 Infantry Fighting Vehicle
BMP-1 Infantry Fighting Vehicle
BTR-60 8x8 Armored Personnel Carrier
T-55 Main Battle Tank
T-62 Main Battle Tank
T-72 (Ural)Main Battle Tank
Type 69 Main Battle Tank
SS-1 SCUD Battlefield Missile System
SA-2 (Guideline) / S-75 Dvina SAM System
SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub SAM System
SA-13 (Gopher / 9K35 Strela-10) SAM System



Aircraft

McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet Multi-Role Fighter



Aircraft

Panavia Tornado Strike Aircraft



Aircraft

Blackburn Buccaneer
Handley Page Victor Refueling Tanker
Panavia Tornado ADV Air Defense Aircraft
Panavia Tornado IDS Strike Aircraft
SEPECAT Jaguar Strike Aircraft
Westland Lynx Helicopter



Land Systems

Alvis Scimitar
Challenger 1 MBT
FV501 Warrior IFV



Aircraft

IAI Kfir Multi-Role Fighter



Aircraft

Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance)




Aircraft

Dassault Mirage 2000 Multi-Role Fighter
SEPECAT Jaguar Strike Aircraft
Sud Aviation SA 330 Puma Helicopter



Land Systems

Centurion Main Battle Tank