Military Factory
Military Factory

Gulf War Weapons (Desert Storm)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/5/2015

Or "How to decimate the 4th largest army in the world in 24 hours or less".

The Persian Gulf War of 1991 was the first major "digitally-assisted" conflict of the modern age - aircraft being armed with advanced "smart" technology and aided through GPS navigation. Among the various technological debuts for the Americans was the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk "stealth fighter" which stood out in the opening phases of the air war. The advanced aircraft led the bombing sorties of Day 1 across the night skies over Iraq, clearing the way for the rest of the coalition bombers and strike fighters to come. The weapons of Desert Storm brought together a collection of military equipment stemming from several world powers including Britain and France and was fought from the air, land, and sea against what was once termed "the fourth largest land army in the world".


In an area where tribal and religious issues often lead to war, the Persian Gulf War of 1991 was a war about oil as Iraq invaded the small, oil-rich Gulf nation of Kuwait - a United States ally. For the moment, Saddam Hussein of Iraq controlled roughly 24 percent of the world's oil supply and the world assumption of the time assumed oil-rich Saudi Arabia would be targeted next to increase Iraqi control to nearly 44 percent of the world's oil reserves. As it stood, the world powers - under the banner of the United Nations - lay down an unheeded ultimatum to Iraq which led to total war in the region.


In the end, the Iraqi Army was a devastated and broken Third World entity and the nation's infrastructure lay in ruins. Much of her Air Force was either destroyed while still on the ground or fled to neighboring Iran. The ground element of the Iraqi military proved no different as scores of infantry surrendered to the coalition or retreated back onto Iraqi soil. For the Americans, the overwhelming victory helped to clear the still-fresh failure of the Vietnam War and helped to test out all-new technologies on a grand stage. By the end of it all, Saddam Hussein found himself with less of an army to lead, less of a territory to move freely about thanks to enforced "No-Fly" zones over the north and south of his country, and growing internal instability for the Iraqi dictator.


Aircraft

Bell AH-1 Cobra
Bell AH-1 SuperCobra
Bell OH-58C Kiowa
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
Boeing E-3 Sentry (AWACS)
Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark
Grumman A-6 Intruder
Grumman C-2 Greyhound
Grumman E-2 Hawkeye
Grumman F-14 Tomcat
Hughes AH-64A Apache
IAI / AAI Pioneer UAV
Kaman SH-2 Seasprite
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Lockheed C-141 Starlifter
Lockheed C-5 Galaxy
Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk
Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird
McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
McDonnell Douglas F-4 "Wild Weasel"
North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco
Vought / LTV A-7 Corsair II



Land Systems

AAV-7 (LVTP-7)
LAV-25 IFV
M1 Abrams MBT
M2 Bradley IFV
M3 Bradley
M198 155mm Field Gun
M109 155mm SPA
M110 203mm SPA
M163 Vulcan ADS
• Lance Battlefield Support Missile
M270 MLRS
M35 (G742) "Duece-and-a-Half" Truck
M60 Patton MBT
M60 AVLB Bridgelayer
M730 Chaparral ADS
M9 ACE Combat Earthmover)
M93 Fox 6x6 Vehicle
M981 FIST-V Target Designator Vehicle
M998 HUMVEE High Mobility Vehicle
Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG Truck
M727 Hawk SAM System
MIM-104 Patriot SAM System



Navy

USS America (CV-66)
• USS Bunker Hill (CG-52)
USS Midway (CV-41)
USS Missouri (BB-64)
• USS Nicholas (FFG-47)
• USS Princeton (CG-59)
USS Ranger (CV-61)
• USS San Jacinto (CG-56)
• USS Tripoli (LPH-10)
USS Wisconsin (BB-63)



Aircraft

Aerospatiale Gazelle
Dassault Mirage F1
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Fishbed)
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger)
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Foxbat)
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 (Fulcrum)
Sukhoi Su-17 (Fitter-C)
Sukhoi Su-20 (Fitter-B)
Sukhoi Su-22 (Fitter)
Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)
Sukhoi Su-25 (Frogfoot)
Ilyushin IL-76 (Candid)



Land Systems

• 9K52 Luna-M (Frog-7) Battlefield Missile System
BMD-1 IFV
BMP-1 IFV
BTR-60 8x8 APC
T-55 MBT
T-62 MBT
T-72 (Ural) MBT
Type 63 APC
Type 69 MBT
SS-1 SCUD Battlefield Missile System
SA-2 (Guideline) / S-75 Dvina SAM System
SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub SAM System
SA-13 (Gopher / 9K35 Strela-10) SAM System



Aircraft

McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet



Aircraft

Panavia Tornado



Aircraft

Blackburn Buccaneer
Handley Page Victor Aerial Tanker
Panavia Tornado ADV
Panavia Tornado IDS
SEPECAT Jaguar
Westland Lynx



Land Systems

Alvis Scimitar
Challenger 1 MBT
FV501 Warrior IFV



Aircraft

IAI Kfir



Aircraft

Panavia Tornado ECR




Aircraft

Dassault Mirage 2000
SEPECAT Jaguar
Sud Aviation SA 330 Puma



Land Systems

Centurion MBT