• Aircraft & Helicopters
  • Vehicles & Artillery
  • Infantry Weapons
  • Warships & Submarines
  • U.S. Military Pay
  • U.S. Military Ranks
  • Special Forces Information
  • World War 2 Weapons
  • flag of France

    Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP (37mm mle 1916) Towed Infantry Support Gun (1916)

    Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP (37mm mle 1916) Towed Infantry Support Gun (1916)

    The 37mm Mle 1916 came about during the fighting of World War 1 for French forces and was still in play by the time of World War 2 in 1939.

    Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP (37mm mle 1916) (1916)

    Type: Towed Infantry Support Gun
    National Origin: France
    Manufacturer(s): State Factories - France
    Production Total: 4,000
    Crew: 2

    Length: 2.43 feet (0.74 meters)
    Width: 0.00 feet (0.00 meters)
    Height: 0.00 feet (0.00 meters)
    Weight: 0.2 US Short Tons (160 kg; 353 lb)
    Powerplant: None. This is a towed artillery piece.
    Maximum Speed: 0 mph (0 km/h)
    Maximum Range: 1 miles (2 km)
    1 x 37mm barrel

    NBC Protection = None
    Nightvision = None

    Staff Writer (Updated: 3/21/2016): In 1916, with World War 1 (1914-1918) in full swing, French factories began production of a new weapon designated "Canon d'Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP". Its design was centered on providing heavy-caliber fire support at the infantry level, being man-portable to an extent and relying on a 37x94Rmm (1.45") projectile. The system consisted of the gun tube itself, as well as a recoil device, and could be mounted atop a fixed tripod assembly or a two-wheeled carriage. A gun shield near the body was optional as was a conical flash suppressor at the muzzle. An APX telescopic sight was used for accurized fire at range and an inherent rapid-firing action was built into the operation of the weapon (hence the "TRP" portion of the designation: "Tir Rapide, Puteaux").

    it was once believed by many that the war would be over by Christmas of 1914 but this soon proved disastrously false as the once-fluid war bogged down into a system of trenches - creating the bloodbath that was "trench warfare". Beyond artillery, one of the key battlefield weapons providing the carnage for both sides was the machine gun which had finally come into its own concerning modern warfare. Kill zones were arranged by the defenders intent on stopping any cavalry and infantry charge attempting to overtake key positions and the machine gun accounted for hundreds of thousands of deaths in the conflict which led to measures taken directly against the weapon - which was typically seated in well-protected positions from enemy fire.

    The Modele 1916 TRP was developed as such a counter, its design attributed to Atelier de Puteaux. It was thought that giving infantry a potent, ranged weapon could help unseat the defenders and clear a way for the advancing infantry lines. Additionally, the weapon could be used against other fortified positions along trenches and help to clear out messes of barbed wire.

    Relatively transportable, the gun could be moved in three major components and reassembled for fighting elsewhere. A two-wheeled carried aided in this action but the weapon could just as easily be carried by several troops (it took four to six personnel to operate the weapon effectively). A High-Explosive (HE) projectile made up the primary 37mm ammunition fired by the Modele 1916 TRP and this held enough of a "punch" to remain an effective measure for the duration of the war. ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

      Global Operators  

    Belgium; France; Nazi Germany; Philippines; United Kingdom; United States

      Model Variants  

    Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP - Base Series Designation.

    37mm mle 1916 - Short-form designation

    37mm M1916 - U.S. Army Designation

    3.7cm IG 152(f) - German Army designation of World War 2 for captured French systems.

    Type 11 - Japanese Army design based on the French Modele 1916.

      Images Gallery  

    Picture of Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP (37mm mle 1916)
    Pic of the Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP (37mm mle 1916)
    Photo of the Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP (37mm mle 1916)
    View all Images