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  • HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle) / (Humvee) 4x4 High-Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle


    Despite being nearly thirty years old, the revolutionary HMMWV has remained a mainstay of several ground forces around the world.

     Updated: 6/22/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    Aside from the M1 Abrams, perhaps no other American armored vehicle has represented the American Army more than the venerable Humvee series of four-wheeled vehicles. Since its inception, the Humvee has become a staple of military operations both globally and domestic. The type's straight-faced appearance, wide-stance and utilitarian functionality have endeared her to a once-suspect military community and a public always ready for the next new thing in off-road capability. The Humvee today represents the pinnacle evolution of the war time Jeep, with an origin indirectly dating back to the smallish 50-60 horsepower machines that were once the standard mode of transportation to our serving grandfathers.

    In February of 1981, the US Army set forth a requirement for a new tactical four-wheel drive light vehicle to take on the designation of High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) and be capable of delivery to any given location on the battlefield via helicopter. The Army had found a tremendous amount of success with its World War 2-era series of small jeeps but the vehicle was still a design with its roots dug well into another time. Beyond that, it had experimented by militarizing civilian trucks for the same role but these conversions left much to be desired. As such, the HMMWV specification called for a universal solution to the Army's needs, one that would also peak interest from the United States Air Force and the United States Marine Corps equally. A multi-role product with commonality of parts and ease of conversion to other roles was now the call of the day. US Army requirements were high - perhaps a bit too ambitious - but the need was quite desperate.


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    HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle) / (Humvee) Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1985
    Type: 4x4 High-Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): AM General / O'Gara-Hess and Eisenhardt - USA
    Production: 180,000



    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)


    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 14.99 feet (4.57 meters)
    Width: 7.05 feet (2.15 meters)
    Height: 5.97 feet (1.82 meters)

    Operating Weight: 3 tons (2,358 kg; 5,199 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: Optional
    Nightvision Equipment: Optional

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x V8 6.2 liter fuel-injected, liquid-cooled diesel engine developing 150 horsepower at 3,600rpm.

    Maximum Road Speed: 65 mph (104 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 350 miles (563 km)

    Armament and Ammunition


    Choice of armament on Hummers with weapon ring can include one of the following:

    1 x 40mm MK 19 Mod 3 air-cooled automatic grenade launcher.
    1 x 12.7mm Browning M2HB air-cooled heavy caliber machine gun.
    1 x 7.62mm M60 air-cooled General Purpose Machine Gun.
    1 x 7.62mm M240B air-cooled General Purpose machine Gun.
    1 x TOW-2B anti-tank missile launcher

    Ammunition:
    Mission-Specific. Can include the following:

    1 x 40mm Mk 19 Mod 3 automatic grenade launcher
    1 x 12.7mm Browning M2HB heavy machine gun
    1 x 7.62mm M60 General Purpose Machine Gun
    1 x 7.62mm M240 General Purpose Machine Gun
    1 x TOW-2B anti-tank missile launcher
    8 x Stinger short-range, air-to-air missile (Avenger)
    6 x AIM-120 medium-range, air-to-air missile (SLAMRAAM/HUMRAAM)
    M56 Smoke Generator

    Global Operators / Customers


    Afghanistan; Albania; Canada; Algeria; Argentina; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Chad; Chile; China; Colombia; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; Georgia; Greece; Hungary; Iraq; Israel; Latvia; Lebanon; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Macedonia; Mexico; Morocco; Panama; Oman; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Taiwan; Romania; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Thailand; Turkey; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; Venezuela; Yemen; Zimbabwe

    Model Variants


    XM998 - US Army Developmental Project Designation

    M998 - Base Passenger/Cargo Carrier sans winch.

    M1038 - Base Passenger/Cargo Carrier with winch.

    M1037 - Shelter Carrier sans winch.

    M1042 - Shelter Carrier with winch.

    M996 - "Mini" Ambulance

    M997 - "Maxi" Ambulance

    M1035 - Soft-Top Ambulance

    M966 - Base TOW Missile Carrier; sans winch.

    M1036 - Base TOW Missile Carrier with winch.

    M1045 - TOW Missile Carrier sans winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1046 - TOW Missile Carrier with winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1025 - Armament Carrier sans winch.

    M1026 - Armament Carrier with winch.

    M1043 - Armament Carrier sans winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1044 - Armament Carrier with winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M998A1 - Base Passenger/Cargo Carrier sans winch.

    M1038A1 - Base Passenger/Cargo Carrier with winch.

    M1097A1 - Shelter Carrier

    M996A1 - "Mini" Ambulance

    M997A1 - "Maxi" Ambulance

    M1035A1 - Soft-Top Ambulance

    M966A1 - Base TOW Missile Carrier; sans winch.

    M1045A1 - TOW Missile Carrier; sans winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1046A1 - TOW Missile Carrier with winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1025A1 - Base Armament Carrier; sans winch.

    M1026A1 - Base Armament Carrier with winch.

    M1043A1 - Armament Carrier; sans winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1044A1 - Armament Carrier with winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1097A2 - Base Passenger/Cargo Carrier; shelter carrier

    M1123A2 - Passenger/Cargo Carrier for use by the USMC.

    M997A2 - "Maxi" Ambulance

    M1035A2 - Soft-Top Ambulance

    M1025A2 -Base Armament/TOW Missile Carrier

    M1043A2 - Armament/TOW Missile Carrier; sans winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1045A2 - Armament/TOW Missile Carrier with winch; fitted with supplemental armor for use by the USMC.

    M1069 - Artillery Tractor for M119 105mm gun.

    M1113 - Shelter Carrier

    M1114 - "Up-Armored" Armament Carrier

    M1116 - "Up-Armored" Armament Carrier

    M1151 - Armament Carrier

    M1152 - Passenger/Cargo Carrier

    "Avenger" - Air Defense; M037 chassis fitted with Avenger turret; 4 x Stinger short-range, air-to-air missiles.

    "SLAMRAAM" / "HUMRAAM" -Air Defense; M113 chassis fitted with 6 x AMRAAM medium-range, air-to-air missiles.

    VISMOD Humvee - Modified M998 Humvee chassis to appear outwardly as the Soviet BRDM-2 for war gaming.

    Laser Humvee - Fitting the ZEUS-HLONS laser-ordnance neutralization system; M1114 chassis; development by Army Space and Missile Defense Command.

    Humvee GMV (Ground Mobility Vehicle) - Special Forces Humvee; based on M1025A2 Armament/TOW Missile Carrier; later upgraded to utilize the M1113 ECH and M1114 chassis.

    M1114 UAH - Long-Range Humvee Scout

    LOSAT Humvee - "Line-of-Sight, Anti-Tank" developed by Lockheed Martin Corporation; ECH Humvee Carrier fitting four Kinetic Energy Missiles (KEM); trailer totes an additional 8 x missiles.

    M707 "Knight" - Fire-Control Humvee; laser-designator equipped; based on M1025A2 Armament/TOW Missile Carrier.

    "Cobra" - Scout Car; developed by AM General and produced by Turkish firm Otokar Otobus Karoseri Sanayi from the M1113 ECH chassis.

    "Eagle I" - Scout Car; produced by Swiss firm Motorwagenfabrik; based on M1097A2 HMV.

    "Eagle II" - Scout Car; produced by Swiss firm Motorwagenfabrik; based on M1113 ECH.

    "Eagle III" - Scout Car/Forward Artillery Observation; produced by Swiss firm Motorwagenfabrik; based on M1113 ECH chassis.

    Tiuna - Venezuelan Model

    GAZ-2975 "Tigr" - Russian Model

    Mahindra "Axe" - Israeli Development Model

    Iveco LMV - Italian Development Model

    Uro VAMTAC - Spanish Development Model

    Dozor-A - Ukrainian Development Model; produced by Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau.

    Hummer H1 - Civilian/Security/VIP Commercial Model based on the M998A0 production model; produced by AM General.

    Hummer H2 - Civilian Commercial Model based loosely on the Humvee military series; produced by General Motors.

    Hummer H3 - Civilian Commercial Model based loosely on the Humvee military series; produced by General Motors.