Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG (UNIversal-MOtor-Gerat) 4x4 Utility Truck
Several hundred thousand Mercedes UNIMOG utility trucks have been produced since the late 1940s.
Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
German infrastructure went through a critical rebuilding phase following World War 2. While its arms producing sectors were held in check, more civilian-minded endeavors were undertaken to shore up economic shortfalls. Once such initiative became the famous Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG - the "UNIversal MOtor Gerat" - a four-wheeled, 4x4 drive, medium-class utility truck intended to serve the agricultural market. In this role, the vehicle undoubtedly succeeded due to its all-terrain capabilities, high ground clearance and multi-role attitude allowing it to operate most anywhere and everywhere it was (and is) required. Pilot (prototype vehicles) emerged in 1946 to which serial production began in 1947. Since then, the series has evolved across many lines - including many militarized versions - for decades. As many as several hundred thousand UNIMOGs have been produced since the 1940s with the vehicle still marketed by Mercedes-Benz today (2013).
Original production was handled by Erhard and Sons of Schwabisch Gmund. Daimler-Benz became its primary manufacturer in 1951 to which the famous and easily identifiable Mercedes logo adorned all vehicle engine grills.
As an all-weather, all-terrain vehicle, the modern UNIMOG can operate in nearly all environments, some of them hazardous in nature. The transmission features 24 forward and 22 reverse gears to provide the "magic touch" when attempting to conquer terrains of all types. Base rear-wheel-drive can be used for management of smooth road surfaces while the all-wheel-drive is called upon to take on tougher assignments. This can include sand mounds, deep snow, muddy roads, uneven ground, loose stone roads and the like (chains can be affixed to each wheel unit for additional traction). The chassis is designed with some anti-rollover properties which protect both man and machine as well as cargo if applicable. The available ground clearance ensures that the UNIMOG can traverse landscape without fear of becoming lodged against uneven ground. Its oversized tires and high chassis also allow the vehicle to climb obstacles as required. The available diesel powerplant allows for a maximum road speed reaching 55 mph (90 kmh). Mercedes-Benz currently offers a range of diesel engines for the UNIMOG family, spanning 150- to 218-horsepower output.