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  • Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG (UNIversal-MOtor-Gerat) 4x4 Utility Truck

    Several hundred thousand Mercedes UNIMOG utility trucks have been produced since the late 1940s.

     Updated: 9/28/2016; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    German infrastructure went through a critical rebuilding phase following World War 2. While its arms producing sectors were held in check, more civilian-minded endeavors were undertaken to shore up economic shortfalls. Once such initiative became the famous Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG - the "UNIversal MOtor Gerat" - a four-wheeled, 4x4 drive, medium-class utility truck intended to serve the agricultural market. In this role, the vehicle undoubtedly succeeded due to its all-terrain capabilities, high ground clearance and multi-role attitude allowing it to operate most anywhere and everywhere it was (and is) required. Pilot (prototype vehicles) emerged in 1946 to which serial production began in 1947. Since then, the series has evolved across many lines - including many militarized versions - for decades. As many as several hundred thousand UNIMOGs have been produced since the 1940s with the vehicle still marketed by Mercedes-Benz today (2013).

    Original production was handled by Erhard and Sons of Schwabisch Gmund. Daimler-Benz became its primary manufacturer in 1951 to which the famous and easily identifiable Mercedes logo adorned all vehicle engine grills.

    As an all-weather, all-terrain vehicle, the modern UNIMOG can operate in nearly all environments, some of them hazardous in nature. The transmission features 24 forward and 22 reverse gears to provide the "magic touch" when attempting to conquer terrains of all types. Base rear-wheel-drive can be used for management of smooth road surfaces while the all-wheel-drive is called upon to take on tougher assignments. This can include sand mounds, deep snow, muddy roads, uneven ground, loose stone roads and the like (chains can be affixed to each wheel unit for additional traction). The chassis is designed with some anti-rollover properties which protect both man and machine as well as cargo if applicable. The available ground clearance ensures that the UNIMOG can traverse landscape without fear of becoming lodged against uneven ground. Its oversized tires and high chassis also allow the vehicle to climb obstacles as required. The available diesel powerplant allows for a maximum road speed reaching 55 mph (90 kmh). Mercedes-Benz currently offers a range of diesel engines for the UNIMOG family, spanning 150- to 218-horsepower output.

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    Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG (UNIversal-MOtor-Gerat) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1947
    Type: 4x4 Utility Truck
    National Origin: Germany
    Manufacturer(s): Mercedes-Benz - Germany
    Production: 250,000

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 1 + 2
    Length: 15.75 feet (4.80 meters)
    Width: 6.99 feet (2.13 meters)
    Height: 7.15 feet (2.18 meters)

    Operating Weight: 5 tons (4,400 kg; 9,700 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: None
    Nightvision Equipment: None

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Mercedes-Benz M180 2.2L 6-cylinder gasoline engine of 80 horsepower (most models typically fitted with diesel engines).

    Maximum Road Speed: 50 mph (80 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 298 miles (480 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    None. Personal weapons carried by the crew can be used (if any).

    Dependent upon personal weapons carried by the crew (if any).

    Global Operators / Customers

    Argentina; Australia; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Chile; China; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Greece; Ireland; Indonesia; Mexico; Netherlands; New Zealand; Pakistan; Paraguay; Portugal; Rhodesia; Singapore; South Africa; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States

    Model Variants

    UNIMOG - Base Series Designation; initial pilot vehicles in 1946; serial production begun in 1947.

    600 - 1947 series; batches also produced by Boehringer.

    404S - Gasoline-powered variant of 1955; 64,242 examples produced.

    406 - Model of 1963; 4-cylinder diesel engine of 65 horsepower.

    MB Trac - Farm tractor variant

    UNIMOG 425 (Heavy) - Heavy duty variant of 1974

    435 - West German military model of 1975; extended wheelbase.

    408 - Light-class model of 1992

    418 - Light-class model of 1992

    U2450 - 6x6 chassis model of 1993

    U5000 BM437.430

    "FUNMOG" - Luxury civilian model; 12 examples produced.

    UX100 - Compact model of 1996

    U300 - UGN/405 model of 2000

    U400 - UGN/405 model of 2000

    U500 - UGN/405 model of 2000

    UNIMOG "Black" - Special Edition luxury UNIMOG of 2005.

    U3000 - Model of 2006

    U4000 - Model of 2006

    U5000 - Model of 2006