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  • BTR-90 8x8 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

    The latest BTR-90 is a very off-road capable machine.

     Updated: 6/23/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    One of the most important vehicles of the Soviet Union during the Cold War (1947-1991) became the BTR series of 8x8 wheeled, amphibious Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs). The line began with the BTR-40 armored truck of the 1950s and advanced into the tracked BTR-50 of 1954 (both detailed elsewhere on this site). In 1959 there debuted the definitive 8x8 wheeled form as the BTR-60 and this was followed by the improved BTR-70 (1972) and BTR-80 (1986) models. In the 1990s, the line was evolved once more, becoming the all-modern BTR-90, still in service with Russian Army (Internal Troops) forces today (2017).

    The BTR-90 saw development begin in the early 1990s (about 1994) by the Arzamas Machine Building Plant, otherwise known as "AMZ" (part of GAZ). A pilot form became available for testing and evaluation as soon as 1994.

    Retaining all of the form and function of its predecessors, the BTR-90 adds a few new elements to the mix: it is dimensionally larger than the earlier BTR-80 with greater internal space for crew and passengers and improved survivability and protection. Power is from a turbocharged multi-fuel diesel engine developing 510 horsepower, driving power to all four axles. The driver manages his position at the front of the vehicle in the traditional way while the turret of the BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) is seated directly aft with full 360-degree traversal. The turret sides house electronically discharged smoke grenades for a self-screening effect and can mount Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) launchers (Spandrel series), searchlights and optic assistants. Two crew are featured in the turret itself which also houses the 30mm Shipunov 2A42 automatic cannon ( with 500 projectiles carried) and a coaxial 7.62mm PKT machine gun (2,000 rounds carried). A remote-control 30mm Automatic Grenade Launcher (AGL) is also offered for suppression of soft enemy targets at range.

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    BTR-90 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 2004
    Type: 8x8 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)
    National Origin: Russia
    Manufacturer(s): Arzamas Machinery Construction Plant, Russia
    Production: 140

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 3
    Length: 25.07 feet (7.64 meters)
    Width: 10.50 feet (3.20 meters)
    Height: 9.78 feet (2.98 meters)

    Operating Weight: 23 tons (20,920 kg; 46,121 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: Yes.
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes.

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x turbo-charged multi-fuel engine developing 510 horsepower.

    Maximum Road Speed: 62 mph (100 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 497 miles (800 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 30mm Shipunov automatic cannon in turret.
    1 x 7.62mm coaxial machine gun in turret.
    1 x AT-5 Spandrel ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) launcher on turret.
    1 x 30mm grenade launcher (optional)
    6 x smoke grenade dischargers (on turret).

    500 x 30mm projectiles.
    2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
    4 x Spandrel missiles.
    400 x 30mm grenades (if equipped).
    6 x Smoke grenade.

    Global Operators / Customers


    Model Variants

    BTR-90 - Prototype fitted with 100mm main gun in place of the 30mm grenade launcher and AT-5 Spandrel missile system.