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  • BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty) Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)

    The Soviet-era BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle of the 1980s is built upon the strengths of the preceding BMP-1 IFV line debuting in 1966.

     Updated: 6/22/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Soviet Union introduced the concept of the Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) with the adoption of its BMP-1 in 1966. The type immediately proved revolutionary and was exported to over 40 Soviet-allied nations and states while, with the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, absorbed by various emerging home nations where collections resided. The type's reach proved so popular that thousands were produced with many still in active circulation today (2013). However, the design showcased several key tactical limitations, particularly during the Arab-Israeli wars and the Soviet-Afghanistan War that an improved type was ordered. This eventually became the "BMP-2" family of tracked armored vehicles.

    The "BMP" name is derived from the Russian "Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty" which, when translated, becomes "Infantry Combat Vehicle".

    The IFV concept emerged with the Soviet plan to introduce a vehicle that offered performance suitable for fast-moving mechanized forces, protection and troop-carrying capabilities of an Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) with the firepower of a light tank. This endeavor inevitably produced the BMP-1.

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    BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1982
    Type: Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Kurganmashzavod - Soviet Union
    Production: 35,000

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 3
    Length: 22.01 feet (6.71 meters)
    Width: 10.14 feet (3.09 meters)
    Height: 6.76 feet (2.06 meters)

    Operating Weight: 16 tons (14,600 kg; 32,187 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: Yes
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes - Commander, Driver and Gunner

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Model UDT-20 6-cylinder supercharged diesel delivering an output of 400 horsepower @ 2,600rpm.

    Maximum Road Speed: 40 mph (65 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 373 miles (600 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 30mm 2A42 main gun
    1 x 7.62mm PKTM coaxial machine gun
    1 x 9M113 Konkurs missile launcher (AT-4/-5 anti-tank guided missile types).
    6 x smoke dischargers

    500 x 30mm ammunition
    2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition
    4 x AT-5 Spandrel or AT-4 Spigot anti-tank missiles
    6 x Smoke Grenades

    Global Operators / Customers

    Afghanistan; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic; East Germany / West Germany; Finland; Georgia; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Ivory Coast; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kuwait; Kyrgyzstan; Macedonia; Poland; Russia; Sierra Leone; Slovakia; Soviet Union; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Syria; Tajikistan; Togo; Turkmenistan; Uganda; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yemen

    Model Variants

    BMP-2 (1980) - Original first batch production models.

    BMP-2 (1984) - Mid-production first batch models with improved turret armor.

    BMP-2 (1986) - Late production first batch models with revised sights.

    BMP-2D - Applique armor compatible; appearing in 1982.

    BMP-2K - Soviet/Russian Army command vehicle

    BMP-2M - Modernized BMP-2

    BMP-2M "Berezhok" - Upgraded variant of BMP-2M

    BMO-1 - Flamethrower section transport

    BVP-2 - Czech Army BMP-2

    BVP-2V (VR 1p) - Czech Army command vehicle

    VPV - Czech Army ARV

    BMP-2 "Sarath" - Indian Army designation; various offshoots including ARV, ambulance and mortar carrier.

    BMP-2K "Sarath" - Indian Army; command vehicle

    BMP-2 (Nimda) - Israeli-modified BMP-2; upgrades by Nimda.

    BWP-2 - Polish Army BMP-2 and B