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  • AAV-7 (LVTP-7) Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle


    The US Marine Corps is set to replace its aging fleet of AAV-7 vehicles with the results of the Amphibious Combat Vehicle program.

     Updated: 6/22/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The AAV-7 series of assault amphibious vehicles was born as the LVTP-7 in the late 1960s. The initiative called for an armored personnel carrier with sea-going qualities that could serve the United States Marine Corps in transporting men and supplies from off-shore ships to positions inland. The tracked nature and distinct hull design of the vehicle ensured that it could fulfill both requirements and the AAV-7 series has since served with distinction for several decades now. The vehicle is also known as the "Amtrack" or "Battle Bus" and is utilized by the Assault Amphibian Battalions of the USMC. It is expected to be replaced by the results of the ongoing "Amphibious Combat Vehicle" (ACV) program. The AAV-7 has served beyond the USMC with the forces of Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Italy, South Korea, Taiwan, Spain, Thailand, Venezuela and Indonesia. However, the USMC is, by far, the largest supporter of the AAV-7 vehicle - managing some 1,300 examples in inventory. South Korea is second with approximately 162 units.

    For centuries there lived the long-standing challenge in warfare of moving the fighting man from sea to land. This proved a central challenge to the United States Navy/Marines during World War 2 which - along with her allies - was pitted against the entrenched forces of the Empire of Japan across the vastness of the Pacific. The campaign would require the transporting of soldiers, machinery and supplies across thousands of miles of water and land utilizing massive concentrated assaults which proved critical to victory in the Pacific.


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    AAV-7 (LVTP-7) Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1972
    Type: Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): United Defense LP / FMC Corporation - USA
    Production: 1,737



    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)


    Operating Crew: 3
    Length: 26.05 feet (7.94 meters)
    Width: 10.73 feet (3.27 meters)
    Height: 10.70 feet (3.26 meters)

    Operating Weight: 25 tons (22,838 kg; 50,349 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: No
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes (Driver only)

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Detroit Diesel model 8V-53T, 8-cylinder, water-cooled turbo-charged diesel developing 400 horsepower at 2,800rpm.

    Maximum Road Speed: 40 mph (64 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 300 miles (482 km)

    Armament and Ammunition


    1 x 40mm grenade launcher OR 1 x 25mm M242 Bushmaster cannon.
    1 x 12.7mm Browning M2HB heavy anti-aircraft machine gun.

    Ammunition:
    864 x 40mm grenades OR 900 x 25mm projectiles
    1,200 x 12.7mm ammunition

    Global Operators / Customers


    Argentina; Brasil; Indonesia; Italy; South Korea; Spain; Taiwan; Thailand; Venezuela; United States

    Model Variants


    LVTP-7 - Base Production Model; GM 8V53T diesel engine; hydraulically-powered turret station; rounded headlights.

    LVTP-7A1 - Improved LVTP-7 of 1982 as part of SLEP initiative; Cummins VT400 diesel engine coupled with FMC HS-400-3A1 transmission system; electrically-powered turret station; new Cadillac Gage turret mounting 1 x 12.7mm heavy machine gun and 1 x 40mm Mk 19 automatic grenade launcher; improved crew/passenger safety; reinforced suspension system; 8 x smoke grenade launchers added to turret; squared headlights; redesignated to AAV-7 in 1984.

    AAV-7 - Redesignation of LVTP-7 series in 1984.

    AAVP-7A1 - Redesignation of LVTP-7A1; basic APC combat model; later incorporation of applique armor for improved protection (EAAK); later incorporation of M2 Bradley-based suspension and powerpack to compensate for EAAK weight-gains; optional mine clearance package introduced prior to 1991.

    AAVC-7A1 - Command vehicle sans turret; increased communications equipment.

    AAVR-7A1 - Recovery vehicle sans turret; powered crane.