L118 Light Gun (Gun, 105mm, Field, L118) 105mm Towed Light Howitzer
The versatile L118 artillery gun can fire HE, smoke, illuminating and target marking rounds as needed.
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The L118 "Light Gun" is the 105mm howitzer of choice for the British Army and has served its Parachute and Commando Field Artillery Regiments since the mid-1970s. The weapon system was designed as a modern replacement for various outgoing types and intended to provide British Army units with a capable, lightweight and hard-hitting field gun that could be towed by vehicle or airlifted by transport aircraft (fixed-wing and rotary types) while also being light enough to be moved into position by its crew. The weapon has since seen extensive action in the Western Sahara War, the Falklands War, the Yugoslav Wars, the Sierra Leone Civil War and - most recently - the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
In 1965, a new British Army requirement laid down the groundwork for an equally new light field artillery piece in the 105mm caliber with transport capability by truck tow, transport aircraft or transport helicopter. Design work ensued to which several prototype guns emerged and extensive evaluations were undertaken in 1968. The Army returned with some requested revisions before the weapon was finalized as the "L118" or, more formally, the "Gun, 105mm, Field, L118". The weapon was adopted in 1975 to which production followed by the Royal Ordnance Factory of ROF Nottingham. The first British artillery units received their new guns in 1976 and, within time, the weapon came to be known simply as the "Light Gun".