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  • L118 Light Gun (Gun, 105mm, Field, L118) 105mm Towed Light Howitzer

    The versatile L118 artillery gun can fire HE, smoke, illuminating and target marking rounds as needed.

     Updated: 5/10/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The L118 "Light Gun" is the 105mm howitzer of choice for the British Army and has served its Parachute and Commando Field Artillery Regiments since the mid-1970s. The weapon system was designed as a modern replacement for various outgoing types and intended to provide British Army units with a capable, lightweight and hard-hitting field gun that could be towed by vehicle or airlifted by transport aircraft (fixed-wing and rotary types) while also being light enough to be moved into position by its crew. The weapon has since seen extensive action in the Western Sahara War, the Falklands War, the Yugoslav Wars, the Sierra Leone Civil War and - most recently - the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.

    In 1965, a new British Army requirement laid down the groundwork for an equally new light field artillery piece in the 105mm caliber with transport capability by truck tow, transport aircraft or transport helicopter. Design work ensued to which several prototype guns emerged and extensive evaluations were undertaken in 1968. The Army returned with some requested revisions before the weapon was finalized as the "L118" or, more formally, the "Gun, 105mm, Field, L118". The weapon was adopted in 1975 to which production followed by the Royal Ordnance Factory of ROF Nottingham. The first British artillery units received their new guns in 1976 and, within time, the weapon came to be known simply as the "Light Gun".

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    L118 Light Gun (Gun, 105mm, Field, L118) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1976
    Type: 105mm Towed Light Howitzer
    National Origin: United Kingdom
    Manufacturer(s): Royal Ordnance Factory / BAe Systems Land and Armaments - UK
    Production: 1,323

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 6
    Length: 28.87 feet (8.80 meters)
    Width: 5.84 feet (1.78 meters)
    Height: 6.99 feet (2.13 meters)

    Operating Weight: 2 tons (1,858 kg; 4,096 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: None
    Nightvision Equipment: None

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): None. This is a towed artillery piece.

    Engagement Range: 11 miles (17 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 105mm gun barrel

    Dependent upon ammunition carrier. Available projectiles include High-Explosive (HE), illumination, red phosphorous, smoke, anti-structure, practice and drill types.

    Global Operators / Customers

    Australia; Botswana; Brazil; Brunei; Ireland; Kenya; Malawi; Malaysia; Morocco; Netherlands; New Zealand; Oman; Portugal; Spain; Switzerland; Thailand; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Zimbabwe

    Model Variants

    L118 - Base Series Designation

    L119 - Different Barrel for US M1-type ammunition.

    M119A1 - US Army Designation of M119; production under license.