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  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190 (Wurger) Single-Seat Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

    The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter is regarded by many to be the best German fighter aircraft of World War 2.

     Updated: 4/23/2017; Authored By Dan Alex; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    While the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter/fighter-bomber became the iconic German fighter of World War 2 (1939-1945), the Luftwaffe fielded a potent "one-two" punch that included the classic Focke-Wulf Fw 190 "Wurger" ("Shrike") aircraft making up the second component of this aerial lethality. The Fw 190 is regarded by most observers as the finest of the German fighters featured in the whole of the war as it was used to finally wrestle the mantle of air superiority from the famous British Supermarine Spitfire V mark which held firm for short time. The Fw 190 saw production reach over 20,000 aircraft by war's end - several hundred short of total Spitfire production while several thousand ahead of the equally famous North American P-51 "Mustang".

    With such available numbers, the Fw 190 was featured in a myriad of battlefield variants to fulfill a variety of roles - from fighter/fighter-bomber and general bomber interception to ground attack and torpedo bombing. First flight of the series occurred on June 1st, 1939 just months before the official start of World War 2 (September 1st). Introduction followed in August of 1941 with a combat debut arriving in 1942. While German Luftwaffe examples managed an operational existence only to the end of the war in 1945, the Turkish Air Force - recipients of some Fw 190s from Germany during the conflict - flew their stock until 1949.

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    Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9 (Dora) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1941
    Type: Single-Seat Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
    National Origin: Nazi Germany
    Manufacturer(s): Fock-Wulf - Nazi Germany
    Production Total: 20,000

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 33.46 feet (10.2 meters)
    Width: 34.45 feet (10.50 meters)
    Height: 10.99 feet (3.35 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 7,694 lb (3,490 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 10,688 lb (4,848 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Junkers Jumo 213A-1 inverted V piston engine developing 1,776 horsepower.

    Maximum Speed: 426 mph (685 kph; 370 knots)
    Maximum Range: 519 miles (835 km)
    Service Ceiling: 39,370 feet (12,000 meters; 7.46 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 2,812 feet-per-minute (857 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    STANDARD (Model Dependent):
    2 x 13mm MG 131 machine guns in engine cowling
    2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons in wing roots

    External payload of up to 1,102lbs (500kg).
    2 x Machine guns OR 20mm cannons in outboard wing positions.
    2 x Cannons in underwing gunpods
    1 x Bomb under fuselage centerline
    2 OR 4 x Underwing bombs
    Underwing aerial rockets
    1 x 30mm cannon firing through the propeller hub.
    6 x Cannons (two in cowling, two in wing roots, two in wings).

    Global Operators / Customers

    Czechoslovakia; France; Nazi Germany; Hungary; Imperial Japan; Romania; Spain; Turkey; Yugoslavia (one example).

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    Fw 190 "Wurger" ("Shrike") - Base Series Designation

    Fw 190 V1 - Prototype Model; fitted with BMW 139 engine of 1,550 horsepower.

    Fw 190 V2 - Second prototype based on V1; new spinner with new cooling equipment; armament of 2 x 7.92mm machine guns and 2 x 13mm machine guns in wing roots.

    Fw 190 V3 - Proposed prototype; not built

    Fw 190 V4 - Proposed prototype; not built

    Fw 190 V5 - Prototype; BMW 801 radial piston engine

    Fw 190 V5k - Prototype with short-span wings

    Fw 190 V5g - Prototype with long-span wings; adopted as production model.

    Fw 190 A - Initial serial production version

    Fw 190 A-0 - Preproduction Model Designation; 28 examples produced.

    Fw 190 A-1 - Role specific optimized variant; appeared in June 1941; fitted with BMW 801C-1 engines of 1,560 horsepower; longer propeller; 4 x 7.92mm machine guns (2 in fuselage and 2 in wing roots) and 2 x 20mm cannons in outboard wings; bulged engine cowlings.

    Fw 190 A-2 - Role specific optimized variant; appeared in October 1941; fitted with BMW 801 C-2 engine of 1,600 horsepower; redesigned exhaust system; upgraded gun sight; 2 x 7.92mm machine guns in fuselage and 4 x 20mm cannons (2 replaced original 7.92mm machine guns) in wings.

    Fw 190 A-3 - Role specific optimized variant; appearing in spring of 1942; fitted with BMW 801 D-2 engines of 1,754 horsepower; centerline bomb rack.

    Fw 190 A-3a - First appearing in fall of 1942; Turkish export version; fitted with 4 x 7.92mm machine guns and 2 x 20mm cannons (same as A-1 model).

    Fw 190 A-4 - Role specific optimized variant; appeared in July 1942; improved radio equipment; similar to A-3 in most respects (armament/engine).

    Fw 190 A-4/U1 - Centerline bomb rack fitted; MG 151 cannons retained but all other machine gun armament removed.

    Fw 190 A-4/U3 - Similar to U1 model; some converted to night-fighter duty; served as basis for Fw 190 F-1 "assault" fighter version.

    Fw 190 A-4/U4 - Dedicated Reconnaissance Platform; fitted with photographic cameras; armament of machine gun and cannons fuselage mounted.

    Fw 190 A-4/U7 - High-Altitude Variant; compressor intakes implemented on side cowlings.

    Fw 190 A-4/U8 - Would later serve as basis for Fw 190 G-1 model.

    Fw 190 A-4/R6 - Fitted with underwing rocket mortar weaponry

    Fw 190 A-5 - Role specific optimized variant; revised engine placement; fitted with BMW 801 D-2 engine of 1,700 horsepower; MW 50 power boost capable.

    Fw 190 A-5/U2 - Dedicated Nightfighter; 2 x 20mm MG151 cannons.

    Fw 190 A-5/U3 - Nightfighter with provision for fuel tanks and bombs; 2 x 20mm MG151 cannons.

    Fw 190 A-5/U4 - Dedicated Reconnaissance Fighter; fitted with cameras.

    Fw 190 A-5/U8 - Night-fighter fitted with underwing racks for centerline bombs and underwing fuel drop tanks; 2 x 20mm MG151 cannons; later to become the Fw 190 G-2 model series.

    Fw 190 A-5/U12 - Bomber Interceptor Variant; fitted with two underwing gun pods for array of 2 x 7.92mm machine guns and 6 x 20mm MG151 cannons.

    Fw 190 A-5/U12 - Prototype Model

    Fw 190 A-5R11 - Night-fighter Conversion Model; fitted with radar.

    Fw 190 A-6 - Role specific optimized variant; new wing design; extra ammunition for 2 x 7.92mm fuselage machine guns and 4 x 20mm wing-mounted cannons; improved radio navigation system; streamlined centerline bomb/fuel rack fitting.

    Fw 190 A-7 - Role specific optimized variant; based on the Fw 190 A-5/U9 prototype; fitted with BMW 801 D-2 engine of 1,700 horsepower; 2 x 20mm MG 131 cannons replacing standard MG17 7.92mm fuselage machine guns; upgraded gun sight.

    Fw 190 A-8 - Role specific optimized variant; improved bubble canopy.

    Fw 190 A-9 - Final A-Series Production Models; fitted with BMW 801S engines of 1,973 horsepower; improved engine armor protection; improved radiator system.

    Fw 190 A-10 - High-Altitude Prototype Development

    Fw 190 B - Wider wing span; higher altitude capability; pressurized cockpit; turbocharged BMW 801 engine.

    Fw 190 C - High altitude capability; turbocharged Daimler-Benz DB 603 powerplant.

    Fw 190 D "Dora" - Main service model by 1944; fitted with Junkers Jumo 213 supercharged engine.

    Fw 190 D-0 - Developmental Prototype; fitted with Jumo 213a engine.

    Fw 190 D-1 - Developmental Prototype

    Fw 190 D-2 - Developmental Prototype

    Fw 190 D-9 - Role specific optimized variant

    Fw 190 D-10 - Role specific optimized variant

    Fw 190 D-11 - Role specific optimized variant; fitted with uprated Jumo 213E engines; 17 examples produced.

    Fw 190 D-12 - Role specific optimized variant; based on D-11 model; Mk 108 30mm cannon in propeller hub.

    Fw 190 D-13 - Role specific optimized variant; based on D-11 model; Mk 151/20 20mm cannon in propeller hub.

    Fw 190 D-13/R11 - All-Weather Development

    Fw 190 E - Proposed reconnaissance fighter

    Fw 190 F - Ground attack model based on Fw 190 A-4 powerplant.

    Fw 190 F-1 - Improved under-fuselage armor; centerline and wing bomb racks.

    Fw 190 F-2 - Based on Fw 190 A-5/U3; replaced F-1 series on production lines.

    Fw 190 F-3 - Based on Fw 190 A-5/U17; 432 examples produced.

    Fw 190 F-4 - Abandoned Strafing Design Variant

    Fw 190 F-5 - Abandoned Strafing Design Variant

    Fw 190 F-6 - Abandoned Strafing Design Variant

    Fw 190 F-7 - Abandoned Strafing Design Variant

    Fw 190 F-8 - Improved radio equipment; redesigned compressor for low-altitude boost in performance; 2 x 20mm MG151/20 cannons in wing roots and 2 x 7.92mm MG131 machine guns above engine housing; 3,400 examples produced.

    Fw 190 F-8/U1 - Long-Range Night-fighter; underwing and centerline provision for fuel tanks and/or bombs.

    Fw 190 F-8/U2 - Torpedo Bomber

    Fw 190 F-8/U3 - Heavy Torpedo Bomber

    Fw 190 F-8/U4 - Night-fighter

    Fw 190 F-9 - Based on the Fw 190 A-9; redesigned empennage as found on the Ta 152 development; 147 examples produced.

    Fw 190 G - Long-Range Attack Model; based on the Fw 190 A-5 powerplant.

    Fw 190 G-1 - Based on the Fw 190 A-4/U8

    Fw 190 G-2 - Based on the Fw 190 A-5/U8

    Fw 190 G-3 - Based on the Fw 190 A-6

    Fw 190 G-8 - Based on the Fw 190 A-8

    Fw 190 A-5/U1 - Trainer; second cockpit; reworked internals; revised three-section, side-opening canopy; based on A-5 model.

    Fw 190 A8/U1 - Trainer; based on A-5/U1 models

    Fw 190 S-5 - Trainer; redesignation of A-5U1 mark

    Fw 190 S-8 - Trainer; redesignation of A-8/U1 mark

    Ra-2 - High-Altitude Development

    Ra-3 - High-Altitude Development

    Ta 152 - Ultra-high altitude fighter; Wider wing span; Jumo 213E powerplant; based on the Ra-3 development model.

    Ta 152C - Low-Altitude Developmental Ta 152 Model; fitted with DB 603 engine; only two examples produced.

    Ta 152H - Improved Ta 152; Only operational variant of the Ta 152.