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  • Leonardo / AgustaWestland Lynx / Super Lynx Multi-role Helicopter / Anti-Submarine / Anti-Ship

    Main versions of the Westland Lynx helicopter covered army and navy service roles that proved the type's adaptability to varying mission requirements.

     Updated: 6/18/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Westland Lynx (AgustaWestland since 2000) was designed to a British Army requirement and initially consisted of four planned projects that included an army, navy, 2-seat attack and civilian passenger versions. The main idea of the planned four designs revolved around utilization of differing airframes centered around the same powerplant components making for one economical and reusable solution. In the end, only the army and navy versions were ever actually completed but both types went on to see extensive usage in military forces of various nations, taking on other roles in the process and spawning a myriad of variants as needed. The Lynx is currently in active service - a sound testament to the original 1960's era design.

    Lynx began as the Westland WG.13 (Westland numbered each of their designs in this consecutive format meaning that it had already completed some 12 other designs previous to WG.13), intended to replace the aging "Scout" and gangly "Wasp" platforms, both past Westland products themselves. This system was also intended to challenge the role currently held by the American Huey UH-1 Cobra helicopter in the attack role. Initially, the helicopter endeavor included Aerospatiale of France (to make up some 30% of the Lynx production), with France looking to purchase both army and navy versions of the Lynx while Britain was to take deliveries of Aerospatiale products in turn (Gazelle and Puma). The 1967 coproduction agreement led to nowhere as the French bowed out so Westland proceeded on the Lynx design on their own, achieving first flight on March 21st, 1971. A total of 6 prototypes were eventually built (along with 7 preproduction models) while production of the Lynx line was handled at Westland in Yeovil, Somerset, England.

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    Leonardo Lynx AH.9 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1978
    Type: Multi-role Helicopter / Anti-Submarine / Anti-Ship
    National Origin: United Kingdom
    Manufacturer(s): Leonardo-Finmeccanica - Italy / Westland; AgustaWestland - UK
    Production Total: 415

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 2
    Length: 43.44 feet (13.24 meters)
    Width: 42.06 feet (12.82 meters)
    Height: 12.24 feet (3.73 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 7,705 lb (3,495 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 11,299 lb (5,125 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Rolls-Royce Gen 42-1 turboshaft engines driving a four-blade main rotor and a tail rotor.

    Maximum Speed: 158 mph (255 kph; 138 knots)
    Maximum Range: 426 miles (685 km)
    Service Ceiling: 10,597 feet (3,230 meters; 2.01 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 2,480 feet-per-minute (756 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    Variant-specific armament may include the following:

    Attack Helicopter:
    8 x TOW anti-tank guided missiles (set of two quadruple launchers)
    2 x 70mm rocket pods
    2 x 20mm cannon pods on fuselage sides

    Anti-Submarine Warfare:
    4 x Sea Skua anti-ship missiles (British Navy)
    4 x AS.12 wire-guided anti-ship missiles (French Navy)

    Anti-Surface Warfare:
    2 x torpedoes (Mk 44, Mk 46, A244S or Stingray)
    2 x Mk 11 depth charges

    General Purpose Battlefield Role:
    2 x 7.62mm general purpose machine guns (pintle mount side doors)

    Global Operators / Customers

    Algeria; Argentina; Brazil; Denmark; France; Germany; Malaysia; Netherlands; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Portugal; South Africa; South Korea; Thailand; United Kingdom; Qatar

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    WG.13 - Initial Westland Prototype Designation

    AH.Mk 1 - Initial Production Version

    AH.Mk 1GT - Conversion model for Royal Army based on AH.Mk 1 model.

    HAS.Mk 2 - Naval model for Britain

    HAS.Mk 2(FN) - French naval model designation

    HAS.Mk 3(S) - Improved version of the HAS.Mk 2; Updated communications equipment.

    HAS.Mk 3(GM(S)) - Persian Gulf Conversion Model for Royal Navy.

    HAS.Mk 3(ICE(S)) - Cold Weather Conversion Model

    HAS.Mk 4(FN) - French upgraded model

    AH.Mk 5 - British Army trial prototype

    AH.Mk 6 - Royal Marines proposed model

    AH.Mk 7 - Attack Model for Royal Marines and Royal Army branches.

    HMA.Mk 8 "Super Lynx" - An upgraded attack model based on the maritime version.

    HMA.Mk 8DSP

    HMA.Mk 8DAS

    AH.Mk 9 "Battlefield Lynx" - Royal Army version of the AH.7 model.

    Mk.21 - Brazilian Export Model (SAH-11) based on HAS.Mk 2 variant.

    Mk.21A - Brazilian Navy Export Model based on the HMA.Mk 8 Super Lynx variant.

    Mk.22 - Egyptian Navy Export Model

    Mk.23 - Argentine Navy Export Model

    Mk.24 - Iraqi Army Export Model (never produced).

    Mk.25 - Royal Netherlands Navy Export Model (UH-14A).

    Mk.26 - Iraqi Army Export Version (never produced).

    Mk.27 - Royal Netherlands Navy Export Version (SH-14B).

    Mk.28 - Qatar Police Export Model of the HAS.Mk 1 version.

    Mk.64 - South African Air Force Export Model of the Super Lynx variant.

    Mk.80 - Royal Danish Navy Export Model of the HAS.Mk 2 variant.

    Mk.81 - Royal Netherlands Navy Export Model (SH-14C).

    Mk.82 - Egyptian Army Export Model (never produced).

    Mk.83 - Saudi Arabian Army Export Model (never produced).

    Mk.84 - Qatar Army Export Model (never produced).

    Mk.85 - UAE Army Export Model (Never produced).

    Mk.86 - Royal Norwegian Air Force Export Model based on the HAS.Mk 2.

    Mk.87 - Argentine Navy Export Model (never delivered).

    Mk.88 - German Navy Export Model

    Mk.88A - Upgraded Mk.88 German Navy Export Model

    Mk.90 - Royal Danish Navy Export Model

    Mk.90B Super Lynx - Upgraded Royal Danish Navy Model of the Mk.80 and Mk.90 versions.

    Mk.95 - Portuguese Navy Export Model based on the HAS.Mk 8 variant.

    Mk.99 - South Korean Navy Export Model based on the HAS.Mk 8 variant.

    Super Lynx 300 - Export version of the base Super Lynx.

    Battlefield Lynx - Proposed Export Model Designation.

    Battlefield 800 - Proposed Export Model designation; Discontinued support for project.

    Lynx ACH - Experimental Test Model

    SH-14A - Royal Netherlands Navy Model based on the HAS.2 variant.

    SH-14B - Royal Netherlands Navy Model

    SH-14C - Royal Netherlands Navy Model

    SH-14D - Royal Netherlands Navy upgraded model.

    SAH-11 - Brazilian Navy Export Model Designation.

    Westland 30 - Passenger seating for up to 22 personnel; enlarged fuselage; 40 examples produced.

    "Future Lynx" - Model under development (2009) with arrivial estimated in 2014; WD.30 style tailfins; LHTEC CTS800-4N turboshaft engines; increased payload; digital cockpit with 4 x large MFDs; laser target designator; nose-mounted optical sensor turret; new tail rotor.