Leonardo / AgustaWestland Lynx / Super Lynx Multi-role Helicopter / Anti-Submarine / Anti-Ship
Main versions of the Westland Lynx helicopter covered army and navy service roles that proved the type's adaptability to varying mission requirements.
Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Westland Lynx (AgustaWestland since 2000) was designed to a British Army requirement and initially consisted of four planned projects that included an army, navy, 2-seat attack and civilian passenger versions. The main idea of the planned four designs revolved around utilization of differing airframes centered around the same powerplant components making for one economical and reusable solution. In the end, only the army and navy versions were ever actually completed but both types went on to see extensive usage in military forces of various nations, taking on other roles in the process and spawning a myriad of variants as needed. The Lynx is currently in active service - a sound testament to the original 1960's era design.
Lynx began as the Westland WG.13 (Westland numbered each of their designs in this consecutive format meaning that it had already completed some 12 other designs previous to WG.13), intended to replace the aging "Scout" and gangly "Wasp" platforms, both past Westland products themselves. This system was also intended to challenge the role currently held by the American Huey UH-1 Cobra helicopter in the attack role. Initially, the helicopter endeavor included Aerospatiale of France (to make up some 30% of the Lynx production), with France looking to purchase both army and navy versions of the Lynx while Britain was to take deliveries of Aerospatiale products in turn (Gazelle and Puma). The 1967 coproduction agreement led to nowhere as the French bowed out so Westland proceeded on the Lynx design on their own, achieving first flight on March 21st, 1971. A total of 6 prototypes were eventually built (along with 7 preproduction models) while production of the Lynx line was handled at Westland in Yeovil, Somerset, England.