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  • Junkers Ju 52 Tri-Motor Transport / Medium Bomber Aircraft


    The Junkers Ju 52 Tri-Motor proved a popular transport platform for operators before, during and after World War 2.

     Updated: 6/12/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The tri-motor, prop-driven aircraft achieve popularity for a short time during the Interwar years - the period proceeding World War 1 (1914-1918) and preceding World War 2 (1939-1945). The Ford Tri-motor became the iconic model for the Americans while, from Germany, came the Junkers Ju 52. Interestingly, the latter, fondly remembered for its versatility as a transport for the German war machine, was actually adopted as a bomber by the Luftwaffe. When it became clear that the platform's service as a bomber were behind it, the type continued its storied career in the skies as a do-everything transport. Global operators, numbering nearly forty and ranging from Argentina and Austria to Uruguay and Yugoslavia.

    Junkers engineers began work on a new tri-motor aircraft while basing its design on their preceding W33 series. The W33 was built in 199 from the period of 1927 to 1934. Work on the new type, essentially a dimensionally larger version, began in 1930 and continued use of corrugated metal skinning which Junkers debuted as early as World War 1 through the CL.1 monoplane fighter design. A first flight of a prototype was recorded on October 13th, 1930.


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    Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1932
    Type: Tri-Motor Transport / Medium Bomber Aircraft
    National Origin: Nazi Germany
    Manufacturer(s): Junkers - Nazi Germany
    Production Total: 4,845



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 2
    Length: 62.01 feet (18.9 meters)
    Width: 95.96 feet (29.25 meters)
    Height: 14.76 feet (4.50 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 14,352 lb (6,510 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 24,229 lb (10,990 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 3 x BMW 132T radial piston engines developing 715 horsepower each.

    Maximum Speed: 165 mph (265 kph; 143 knots)
    Maximum Range: 541 miles (870 km)
    Service Ceiling: 18,012 feet (5,490 meters; 3.41 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 588 feet-per-minute (179 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    OPTIONAL:
    2 OR 4 x 7.92mm MG 15 general purpose machine guns

    IN BOMBER ROLE:
    Up to 3,300 lb of conventional drop ordnance held in two internal bays.

    Global Operators / Customers


    Argentina; Austria; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Croatia; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; Ecuador; Estonia; Finland; France; Nazi Germany; West Germany; Greece; Hungary; Kingdom of Italy; Lebanon; Norway; Peru; Poland; Portugal; Romania; South Africa; Slovakia; Soviet Union; Spaain; Sweden; Taiwan; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    Ju 52 - Base Series Designation; original prototype; fitted with 1 x BMW engine.

    Ju 52/1 - Single engine prototype form; BMW or Junkers engines trialed.

    Ju 52/3m - Tri-motor prototype with Pratt & Whitney R-1340 "Wasp" engines; model of 1932.

    Ju 52/3mce - Civilian transport model

    Ju 52/3mge - Militarized Ju 52 as medium bomber and transport.

    Ju 52/3mg3e - Improved military variant

    Ju 52/3mg4e - Military version with tailwheel added

    Ju 52/3mg5e - Military version fitted with 3 x BMW radial engines; floatplane capability when equipped.

    Ju 52/3mg6e - Revised communications gear

    Ju 52/3mg7e - Enlarged loading door; autopilot capable

    Ju 52/3mg8e - Additional roof door

    Ju 52/3mg9e - Reinforced undercarriage; glider tow equipment supported.

    Ju 52/3mg10e - Floatplane capable

    Ju 52/3mg11e

    Ju 52/3mg12e - Fitted with 3 x BMW radial engines

    Ju 52/3m12e - Luft Hansa airlines aircraft

    Ju 52/3mg13e

    Ju 52/3mg14e - Final German wartime production model.

    AAC 1 "Toucan" - Post-war French-produced model by Avions Amiot.

    CASA 352 - Post-war Spanish-produced model

    CASA 352L - Post-war Spanish-produced model

    C-79 - Single example under USAAF usage

    T2B - Spanish Air Force designation

    Tp 5 - Swedish Air Force designation

    K 45c - Torpedo bomber conversion by Sweden; sole example.