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  • Vought F4U Corsair Carrier-Based Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Night Fighter


    The fast and powerful Vought F4U Corsair fighter was the first Allied aircraft capable of going toe-to-toe with the fabled Japanese Zero - it fought into the Korean War years and beyond.

     Updated: 6/19/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    One of the greatest fighter aircraft of all time, the American Vought F4U "Corsair" became the stuff of legend for its part in the air wars of World War 2 (1939-1945), the Korean War (1950-1953) and several Cold War conflicts that followed. The design was attributed to Igor Sikorsky and Rex Beisel and went on to see production totals reach over 12,500 units with manufacturing ending in 1952 - an impressive total for an aircraft initially rejected by the United States Navy (USN).

    The F4U originally appeared as a USN carrier-based fighter design until difficulties in landing the aircraft on a moving carrier led to its expanded use as a land-based fighter in the hands of US Marine aviators. While the United States Navy moved on to the equally-excellent Grumman F6F "Hellcat", the F4U continued to make a name for itself in the Pacific Theater - even earning the respect of its Japanese foes as one of the most feared combat aircraft in the region.

    The Corsair was born from a 1938 USN requirement calling for a new high-performance carrier-based fighter and Chance Vought of United Aircraft answered the call with their Model V-166. Vought engineers gave their compact design the largest possible engine - the experimental Pratt & Whitney XR-2800 "Double Wasp" of 2,000 horsepower output. To this was added a massive three-bladed propeller unit. The inverted "gull wing" mainplane arrangement was chosen to keep the spinning propeller blades from hitting the ground and this forced full-length main landing gear legs to be used.


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    Vought F4U-4 Corsair Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1942
    Type: Carrier-Based Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Night Fighter
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): Vought - USA
    Production Total: 12,571



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 33.14 feet (10.1 meters)
    Width: 41.01 feet (12.50 meters)
    Height: 16.08 feet (4.90 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 8,984 lb (4,075 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 13,999 lb (6,350 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-2800-18W 18-cylinder "Double Wasp" two-row air-cooled radial piston engine developing 2,325 horsepower.

    Maximum Speed: 416 mph (670 kph; 362 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,016 miles (1,635 km)
    Service Ceiling: 36,909 feet (11,250 meters; 6.99 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 3,000 feet-per-minute (914 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    STANDARD:
    6 x 12.7mm M2 Browning heavy machine guns (three to a wing).

    ALTERNATIVE:
    4 x 20mm M2 cannons (F4U-1C)

    OPTIONAL:
    Mission-specific armament added up to a maximum of 4,000lbs including air-to-surface rockets and bombs.

    Global Operators / Customers


    Argentina; El Salvador; Honduras; France; New Zealand; United Kingdom; United States

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    V-166A - Prototype Model Designation; fitted with Pratt & Whitney 2,000hp XR-2800 Double Wasp radial engine.

    V-166B - Second Prototype Development Model

    XF4U-1 Designation of the V.166B prototype model for US Navy consideration.

    F4U-1 - Production Model designation initially provided to Britain's Fleet Arm Arm (FAA); 758 aircraft constructed.

    F4U-1A - Frameless canopy version of which 2,066 produced.

    F4U-1C - Fitted with 4 x 20mm cannons in place of the 6 x 12.7mm machine guns; 200 produced.

    F4U-1D - Fighter-Bomber Variant of which 1,375 were produced.

    F4U-1P - Photographic Reconnaissance Conversion Model based on the F4U-1 model.

    F4U-4 - Fitted with R-2800-18W(C) 2,450hp engine of which 2,351 were produced of this model.

    F25 - Goodyear-produced conversion model of the F4U-4 base model.

    F4U-5 - Model of 1945; all-metal wings; PW R2800-32(E) engine of 2,760 horsepower; cowl flaps; automatic blowers; revised cockpit instrumentation; retractable tail wheel; improved forward visibility (cowling lowered 2inches).

    F4U-5N - Radar-equipped version; 214 examples produced.

    F4U-5NL - "Winterized" Corsair with deicing features; 29 examples from F4U-5N stock; 72 total examples delivered.

    F4U-5P - Long-range photographic-reconnaissance model; 30 examples delivered.

    F4U-6 - AU-1 redesignated; USMC ground-attack form

    F4U-7 - AU-1 for French Navy service

    AU-1 - USMC attack model; additional armoring; relocated oil cooler systems; revised supercharger; additional armament racks installed.

    F2G-1 ("FG-1") - Goodyear-produced variant of which 1,704 were constructed; fitted with PW R-4360 "Wasp Major" 28-cylinder engine; teardrop-style canopy; manually-folding wings.

    F2G-1D - Goodyear-produced variant

    F2G-1E - Goodyear-produced Nightfighter variant

    F2G-2 "Super Corsair" - Goodyear-produced variant; assisted folding wings; 10 examples completed before project abandoned.

    F3A-1 - Brewster-produced sub-variant

    F3A-1D - Brewster-produced sub-variant