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  • McDonnell F-101 Voodoo Single-Seat Interceptor / Reconnaissance Aircraft


    The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo achieved several endurance and speed records during her time aloft, earning the nickname of One-Oh-Wonder in the process.

     Updated: 6/18/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo was affectionately called the "One-oh-Wonder" and known moreso early on for its many record-setting achievements in the early years of use. The twin-engine fighter-bomber was a design that nearly wasn't thanks to the development of more potent high-flying long range bombers. Fortunately for the type, the need for escort fighters was as apparent as ever during the Korean War and interest in the Voodoo was brought back to the forefront. With the eventually involvement of Tactical Air Command, the Voodoo would find itself a home in US ranks and become one of the more successful American aircraft designs of the Cold War, inevitably seeing action in the Vietnam War.

    Development

    Development of the F-101 Voodoo began as an extension of the twin-engine XF-88 prototype that appeared in 1948. The XF-88 was envisioned as a dedicated interceptor and heavy escort fighter for protection of the USAF's long-range bombers. As was common practice throughout World War Two, bomber formations were protected by smaller and faster fighters such as the North American P-51 Mustang, Lockheed P-38 Lightnings and Republic P-47 Thunderbolts, leaving bombers to concentrate on reaching their target areas and dropping their munitions without concerning themselves entirely on formation defense. Conventional thinking carried on in the post-war world, seeing a need for such performers only this time in sleek new jet-powered airframes. McDonnell introduced the XF-88 and won out in competition against Lockheed and North American designs. By this time, however, the USAF re-evaluated the need for long-range escort fighters in the jet age and saw no need to pursue such a design. As such, the XF-88 project was cancelled.


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    McDonnell F-101B Voodoo Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1957
    Type: Single-Seat Interceptor / Reconnaissance Aircraft
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): McDonnell Aircraft - USA
    Production Total: 885



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 67.39 feet (20.54 meters)
    Width: 39.67 feet (12.09 meters)
    Height: 18.01 feet (5.49 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 28,971 lb (13,141 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 52,399 lb (23,768 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 2 x Pratt & Whitney J57-P-55 turbojet engines with afterburn generating 14,880lbs of thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 1,221 mph (1,965 kph; 1,061 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,550 miles (2,494 km)
    Service Ceiling: 54,806 feet (16,705 meters; 10.38 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 36,500 feet-per-minute (11,125 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    F-101A:
    3 x 20mm M39 auto-firing cannons (two in left fuselage and one in lower right side).

    F-101B:
    2 x MB-1 Genie air-to-air missiles (nuclear-tipped).
    4 x AIM-4C/-4D/-4G Falcon air-to-air missiles OR 6 x AIM-4C/-4D/-4G Falcon air-to-air missiles.

    Global Operators / Customers


    Canada; Taiwan; United States

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    XF-88 - Prototype Interceptor Model designation on which the F-101 is based on.

    YF-101 - Redesigned XF-88 lengthened fuselage; repositioned horizontal tail surfaces; larger engines; larger airframe.

    F-101A - Single-Seat Fighter; initial production model of which 75 were produced 4 x 20mm cannons and up to 2,000lbs of external stores.

    F-101B - Two-Seat All-Weather Interceptor; nuclear-capable; air-to-air missile armament suite; Hughes fire-control system; Pratt & Whitney J57-P-55 turbojet engines.

    F-101C - Single-Seat Dedicated Fighter-Bomber similar to F-101A; "improved" Voodoo.

    F-101D - Proposed Voodoo with J79 turbojets; never produced.

    F-101E - Proposed Voodoo with J79 turbojet; never produced.

    F-101F - Redesignated from TF-101B trainer models; dual-control trainer.

    EF-101B - Single Example Radar Target based on F-101B model.

    RF-101A - Reconnaissance Conversion Model based on the F-101A model; 35 examples produced.

    RF-101B - Reconnaissance Aircraft; in-flight refueling capability via boom; 3 x KS-87B camera and 2 x AXQ-2 TV cameras.

    RF-101C - Reconnaissance Platform based on the F-101C; reinforced airframe and camera equipment (the latter replacing armament suite).

    RF-101G - F-101A models converted for reconnaissance.

    RF-101H - Unarmed Reconnaissance Platform based on F-101C models.

    TF-101B - Dual-Control Trainer Conversion models based on the F-101B; redesignated to F-101F.

    NF-101A - Single Developmental Model for General Electric J79 turbojet engine tests.

    NF-101B - F-101B model prototype based on F-101A.

    YRF-101A - Two Prototype Reconnaissance Models based on the F-101A.

    CF-101B - Canadian Designation for 56 exported surplus F-101B models.

    CF-101F - Canadian Trainer Models based on the TF-101B/F-101F; 10 examples delivered.