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      Saab JAS 39 Gripen (Griffin) Lightweight 4th Generation Multi-role Fighter Aircraft  

    Saab JAS 39 Gripen (Griffin) Lightweight 4th Generation Multi-role Fighter Aircraft


    The Sabb JAS 39 Gripen is in limited use worldwide though popularity of the system continues to grow.





     Updated: 4/17/2017; Authored By Dan Alex; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The Saab JAS 39 "Gripen" ("Griffin") forms the primary fighter wing of the Swedish Air Force (among others). The type is a highly-advanced aerial platform utilizing the latest in digital controls and weapons delivery all the while being produced in a modestly sized and highly streamlined package to strict Swedish Air Force requirements. The JAS 39 has been in operational service since 1997 after a relatively long development period and export interest has grown with the loosening of typically strict Swedish export rules (and their historically neutral stance). To date, the JAS 39 stocks the inventories of several air forces in the world and over 240 of the type have been produced in single-seat and twin-seat forms. The Gripen remains a major global player in the realm of advanced lightweight fighter designs, able to undertake a variety of mission roles from air defense to interception, ground attack to armed reconnaissance as well as training. The Saab Gripen is comparable on the world stage with the American General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon and the Russian Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum series.

    By the end of the 1970s, the Swedish Air Force found itself looking to advance their frontline fighter capabilities over that of the aging Saab Drakens and Viggens. The Draken, with its unique double-delta wing and single-engine design, was introduced in March of 1960 and managed a successful, if modest, existence with several air forces, being produced in 644 examples from 1955 to 1974. The Draken was developed to replace the outgoing Saab J29 Tunnan fighters. Comparatively, the Viggen made its presence known in June of 1971 to which 329 examples were produced from 1970 to 1990. The type was developed as a broader solution to undertake interception, strike and reconnaissance roles and sported a more conventional delta wing profile with forward canards and a single engine design. Work on their replacement began in 1979 with studies undertaken in 1980 to produce a modern end-product worthy of Swedish Air Force needs that could undertake a plethora of required battlefield roles. In 1981, a consortium was formed that involved Saab, Volvo Aero Corporation, Ericsson/GEC-Marconi and FFV Aerotech to design, develop and produce various portions of the aircraft program - the group known collectively as "IG JAS" (IG = "Industry Group"). In 1982, the Swedish government formally approved funding for the project which led to an order for five evaluation prototypes and a further 30 production quality aircraft.


    Saab JAS 39C Gripen (Griffin) Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1997
    Type: Lightweight 4th Generation Multi-role Fighter Aircraft
    National Origin: Sweden
    Manufacturer(s): Saab AB - Sweden
    Production Total: 247



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 46.26 feet (14.1 meters)
    Width: 27.56 feet (8.40 meters)
    Height: 14.76 feet (4.50 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 14,991 lb (6,800 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 30,865 lb (14,000 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Volvo Aero RM12 (General Electric F404) turbofan engine with afterburner developing 18,100 lb thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 1,370 mph (2,205 kph; 1,191 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,988 miles (3,200 km)
    Service Ceiling: 50,000 feet (15,240 meters; 9.47 miles)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    STANDARD:
    1 x 27mm Mauser BK-27 Revolver internal cannon
    2 x AIM-9 Sidewinder (Rb 74) OR Rb98 (IRIS-T) short-range air-to-air missiles (wingtips).

    OPTIONAL (across 7 external hardpoints; 4 x underwing, 3 x fuselages):
    AIM-9 Sidewinder (Rb 74) air-to-air missiles
    Rb 71 Skyflash air-to-air missiles
    Meteor radar homing air-to-air missiles
    MICA air-to-air missiles
    AIM-120 AMRAAM (Rb 99) air-to-air missiles
    AGM-65 Maverick air-to-surface missiles
    Rbs 15F Anti-Ship air-to-surface missiles
    Bk 90 Cluster Bombs
    Munition-Dispensing Canisters
    Rocket Pods
    Mark 82 Conventional Drop Bombs
    GBU-12 Paveway II Laser-Guided bombs
    Jettisonable fuel tanks

    Global Operators / Customers


    Brazil; Czech Republic; Hungary; Slovakia; South Africa; Sweden; Thailand; United Kingdom (training only)

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    JAS 39A - Initial production model; basic fighter variant.

    JAS 39B - Twin-seat variant of JAS 39A production mark; lengthened fuselage to incorporated second cockpit; reduced internal fuel and range; lacks internal cannon.

    JAS 39C - Gripen developed to conform to NATO standards; in-flight refueling capable; broader support for Western munitions.

    JAS 39D - Twin-seat variant of the NATO-standard JAS 39C production mark.

    Gripen "DEMO" - Twin-Seat Technology Demonstrator used for proposed Gripen NG.

    Gripen NG/IN ("Next Generation") - Proposal for modernized Gripen; upgraded avionics; improved payload; increased internal fuel volume.

    JAS 39C "Plus" - Proposed standard for JAS 39C models incorporated Gripen NG equipment.

    JAS 39D "Plus" - Proposed standard for JAS 39D models incorporated Gripen NG equipment.

    JAS 39 "Sea Gripen" - Proposed navalized Gripen fighter; based on the Next Generation proposal.

    JAS 39E - Next-generation single-seat fighter development with increased networking capability.

    JAS 39F - Next-generation twin-seat fighter development with increased networking capability.

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