Nanchang Q-5 (Fantan) Ground Attack / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft
The Nanchang Q-5 Fantan is a Chinese evolution of the Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 Farmer with some obvious physical changes.
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As a long time Soviet equipment user, the Chinese were already building the twin-engine Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 "Farmer" jet fighters in quantity locally as the Shenyang J-6. It was soon given thought that the F-6 should be modified for the strike role which gave birth to the Nanchang Q-5 "Fantan" series of aircraft. The basic MiG-19 form was retained in the Shenyang F-6 but, to revise the latter for the attack role, some modifications were naturally required. This included an all new nose to fit the attack radar as well as split air intakes along the fuselage sides for the MiG-19 design featured its intake in the nose. An internal bomb bay was also fitted. Overall, however, little of the aft fuselage and wings were to change in the new Chinese endeavor.
Shenyang designed a new strike aircraft version of the F-6 in March of 1958. However, their facilities were largely committed to modernization of existing MiG-15s
and serial production of the MiG-17
. Chinese authorities directed development of the new aircraft to Nanchang with Shenyang still playing a major role. Up to this point, Nanchang had held some experience in the production of MiG-19 variants but was mostly tied to light-class transport aircraft and piston-powered trainer aircraft.