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  • Nanchang Q-5 (Fantan) Ground Attack / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft

    The Nanchang Q-5 Fantan is a Chinese evolution of the Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 Farmer with some obvious physical changes.

     Updated: 6/13/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    As a long time Soviet equipment user, the Chinese were already building the twin-engine Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 "Farmer" jet fighters in quantity locally as the Shenyang J-6. It was soon given thought that the F-6 should be modified for the strike role which gave birth to the Nanchang Q-5 "Fantan" series of aircraft. The basic MiG-19 form was retained in the Shenyang F-6 but, to revise the latter for the attack role, some modifications were naturally required. This included an all new nose to fit the attack radar as well as split air intakes along the fuselage sides for the MiG-19 design featured its intake in the nose. An internal bomb bay was also fitted. Overall, however, little of the aft fuselage and wings were to change in the new Chinese endeavor.

    Shenyang designed a new strike aircraft version of the F-6 in March of 1958. However, their facilities were largely committed to modernization of existing MiG-15s and serial production of the MiG-17 and MiG-19. Chinese authorities directed development of the new aircraft to Nanchang with Shenyang still playing a major role. Up to this point, Nanchang had held some experience in the production of MiG-19 variants but was mostly tied to light-class transport aircraft and piston-powered trainer aircraft.

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    Nanchang A-5C (Fantan) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1970
    Type: Ground Attack / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft
    National Origin: China
    Manufacturer(s): Nanchang - China
    Production Total: 1,300

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 51.35 feet (15.65 meters)
    Width: 31.76 feet (9.68 meters)
    Height: 14.21 feet (4.33 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 14,054 lb (6,375 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 26,081 lb (11,830 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Shenyang WP6 afterburning turbojet engines developing 7,165lb of thrust each.

    Maximum Speed: 739 mph (1,190 kph; 643 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,243 miles (2,000 km)
    Service Ceiling: 54,134 feet (16,500 meters; 10.25 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 20,275 feet-per-minute (6,180 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    2 x 23mm NORINCO Type 23-2K cannons in wing roots.

    Up to 4,400lbs of stores (external or internal depending on model) including nuclear-tipped, homing air-to-air missiles, guided and conventional drop bombs, rocket pods (unguided) and torpedoes (PLA Navy version).

    Global Operators / Customers

    Bangladesh; China; North Korea; Pakistan; Mayanmar

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    Qiangjiji-5 - Initial Project Designation under Shenyang.

    Q-5 - Initial Production Form; six weapon hardpoints; limited-production nuclear-capable and maritime strike versions also completed.

    Q-5I - Based on Q-5A production model; sans internal weapons bay in favor of internal fuel storage; improved operational ranges.

    Q-5IA - Revised weapons sight; revised navigation suite; laser rangefinder installed.

    Q-5II - PLA Navy Variant; Radar Warning Receiver installed; all new laser rangefinder; revised weapon sight device; redesigned nose section and raised cockpit; improved navigation.

    Q-5III - Upgraded Q-5II; Chinese-based inertial navigation system and HUD; export only model.

    Q-5IV - Modernized Q-5; twin digital computer processing; new RWR, HUD and laser rangefinder.

    Q-5A - Eight weapon hardpoints; air-to-air missile support.

    Q-5D (Q-5D) - Dedicated ELINT variant.

    Q-5E - Based on the Q-5IV model; laser-guided munitions capability.

    Q-5F - Based on the Q-5E; improved GPS navigation; self-designation of targets.

    Q-5J - Two-Seat Variant; for training or Forward Air Control.

    Q-5K "Kong Yun" - Proposed Chinese-French upgrade; cancelled.

    Q-5M - Proposed Chinese-Italian upgrade for export; cancelled.

    Q-5D (Hongdu) - Dedicated attack model headed up by Hongdu concern; improved targeting capabilities and cockpit functionality.

    A-5 - Export Models to North Korea

    A-5B - Export Models to Myanmar

    A-5C - Export Models to Bangladesh and Pakistan; fitting Western systems.

    A-5D - Abandoned Export Model

    A-5K - Abandoned Export Model; French (Thompson-CSF) avionics in redesigned chisel-shaped nose.

    A-5M - Abandoned Export Model; Italian (Aeritalia) avionics in redesigned nose.