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  • Eurofighter Typhoon 4th Generation Multirole Fighter Aircraft

    The Eurofighter Typhoon has found a home in several military air services of the world including Britain, Spain and Italy.

     Updated: 6/26/2017; Authored By Captain Jack; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Eurofighter Typhoon represents much of what is both good and bad in multi-national joint ventures. While itself appearing as a stellar end-product brought about by years of data collection, research and development, the speed bumps met along the way have been quite notable. The joint venture has allowed for a more cost-feasible fighter aircraft that showcases some of the very latest technological advances in the realm of military aircraft but, at the same time, the program has been plagued by delays from the outset. Regardless, the Typhoon is currently in operational service (albeit in limited numbers) but both its reach and its battlefield roles are expanding with each passing year. Several hundred systems are on order as of this writing and some examples have already seen operational deployment to various parts of the world (none in combat roles however). The export market has also just come alive with interest in the completed Eurofighter design. By modern jet fighter standards, the European consortium has delivered a capable war-winner matched only by few mounts in today's sky. Only time will tell if the effort has proved worthy.

    The ECF and the ECA

    The ECF (European Collaborative Fighter) program was formed between British Aerospace and West Germany firm Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm in 1979, later that year to be joined by French-based Dassault - thus forcing a program name change to "European Combat Aircraft", or the ECA. Each country worked on separate prototype designs but the joint venture soon dissipated by 1981 due to changing needs and differing design directions. The French were adamant on the use of the French-based SNEMA M88 powerplant (in keeping with delivering jobs to folks back home) while the British were more interested in a modified British-based RB199 turbofan. West Germany was off in the fields developing their own concept fighter amidst the mounting disagreements.

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    Eurofighter Typhoon F1 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 2003
    Type: 4th Generation Multirole Fighter Aircraft
    National Origin: Germany
    Manufacturer(s): BAe Systems - UK / EADS - Germany / EADS CASA - Spain / Alenia - Italy
    Production Total: 500

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 52.36 feet (15.96 meters)
    Width: 35.93 feet (10.95 meters)
    Height: 17.32 feet (5.28 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 24,251 lb (11,000 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 51,809 lb (23,500 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Eurojet EJ200 afterburning turbofans developing 20,250 lb of thrust each.

    Maximum Speed: 1,550 mph (2,495 kph; 1,347 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,802 miles (2,900 km)
    Service Ceiling: 64,993 feet (19,810 meters; 12.31 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 62,000 feet-per-minute (18,898 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    1 x 27mm Mauser BK-27 internal cannon

    Mission specific armament across thirteen external hardpoints includes (up to 16,500 lb):

    AIM-9 Sidewinder short-range air-to-air missiles
    ASRAAM short-range air-to-air missiles
    BAe/Saab S225X missiles
    IRIS-T short-range air-to-air missiles
    AIM-120 AMRAAM medium-range air-to-air missiles
    MDBA Meteor medium-range air-to-air missiles
    "Storm Shadow" stand-off missiles
    Taurus KEPD350 Stand-off missiles
    GBU-10 laser-guided bombs
    GBU-12 laser-guided bombs
    BAe/MATRA "Brimstone" anti-armor weapon
    AGM-88 HARM anti-radiation missiles
    AGM "Armiger" anto-radiation missiles
    ALARM anti-radiation missiles
    AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles
    Pengiun anti-ship missiles
    Paveway II laser-guided bombs
    Paveway III laser-guided bombs
    Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM)
    Conventional Drop Ordnance
    Drop Tanks (Fuel)

    Global Operators / Customers

    Austria; Germany; Italy; Kuwait; Oman; Saudi Arabia; Spain; United Kingdom

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    Typhoon F1 - Single seat variant; initial air-to-air capability followed by complete air-to-surface capability; three production runs comprised of individual delivery Blocks.

    Typhoon T1 - Dual-seat trainer variant; non-combat derivative.

    Tranche 1 - Initial batch involving deliveries to Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain and Briatin; 148 total aircraft.

    Tranche 2 - Second batch involving deliveries to Germany, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Spain and Britain; 251 total aircraft.

    Tranche 3/3A - Third batch involving deliveries to Germany, Italy, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Spain and Britain; 172 total aircraft.