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  • North American T-6 Texan Two-Seat Advanced Trainer Aircraft


    The Texan series saw production numbers surpass nearly 16,000 by the end of its run.

     Updated: 6/12/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The T-6 Texan was and is a world famous single-engine aircraft primarily known for its use as a trainer. A product of the North American Aviation Company, the T-6 Texan appeared during the years spanning World War 2, survived the Korean conflict, served for a time during the Vietnam War and is still in some operational service to this day. The sheer longevity of the system have made her a popular aircraft at air displays and with airplane aficionados the world over. First flight was attained on April 1st, 1935.

    The T-6 Texan first appeared as the NA-16 in prototype form. The NA-16 was a conventional low-wing monoplane system of all metal design and open cockpits. The undercarriage was fixed and power was a single Wright-brand R-975 series radial piston engine of 400 horsepower. With a few modifications including a glazed cockpit canopy, the aircraft (designated by North American as the NA-18) was accepted by the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC - the forerunner to the modern day Air Force) into their "Basic Combat" aircraft competition with the T-6 was now designated by North American as the NA-26, a further developed version of the modified core aircraft now sporting a more powerful Pratt & Whitney R-1340 radial piston engine of 600 horsepower, updated cockpit equipment and retractable landing gear (including the tail wheel). The type went into production as the AT-6 Texan (though for a time known as the BC-1) and SNJ. The aircraft was also received by several export customers including the RAF and Commonwealth allies (as the "Harvard I") and Canada (as the "Yale").


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    North American AT-6A Texan Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1936
    Type: Two-Seat Advanced Trainer Aircraft
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): North American Aviation - USA
    Production Total: 15,495



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 2
    Length: 29.00 feet (8.84 meters)
    Width: 41.99 feet (12.80 meters)
    Height: 11.68 feet (3.56 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 3,900 lb (1,769 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 5,699 lb (2,585 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-1340-49 radial piston engine developing 600 horsepower.

    Maximum Speed: 209 mph (337 kph; 182 knots)
    Maximum Range: 750 miles (1,207 km)
    Service Ceiling: 24,199 feet (7,376 meters; 4.58 miles)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    OPTIONAL:
    1 OR 2 x 7.62mm machine fixed machine gun(s).

    Global Operators / Customers


    Argentina; Australia; Belgium; Baifra; Bolivia; Brazil; Canada; China; Chile; Columbia; Republic of the Congo; Cuba; Denmark; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Gabon; Germany; Honduras; France; Israel; India; Kingdom of Italy; Japan; Katanga; Morocco; Mexico; Netherlands; Mozambique; Norway; Portugal; Paraguay; South Africa; Soviet Union; Sweden; Tunisia; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Yugoslavia; United Kingdom; New Zealand; United States

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    NA-16 - Prototype Model Designation by North American; open two-seat cockpit; fixed undercarriage.

    NA-18 - North American Designation for modified prototype model; enclosed glazed cockpit canopy.

    NA-26 - Secondary Model Designation featuring modifications for the "Basic Aircraft" competition of the USAAC.

    BC-1 - Initial Production Models for USAAC use of which 180 were produced.

    BC-1A - 92 produced of this model.

    BC-2 - At least three produced of this model.

    AT-6 - Redesignation to more standard "Advanced Trainer" convention by the USAAC; based on the BC-1A model; featured straightened rudder and "squared-off" wingtips.

    Harvard II - RAF model designation for the base AT-6.

    AT-6A - Based on NA-77 model design; fitted with Pratt & Whitney R-1340-49 Wasp radial piston engine.

    AT-6B - Gunnery Training Model; fitted with R-1340-AN-1 engine.

    AT-6C - Based on the NA-88 model design.

    AT-6D - Improved electrical systems.

    AT-6F - Based on the 121 model design for USAAF.

    SNJ - US Navy Designation; Six variants of this model produced for British export; based on the AT-6.

    SNJ-1 - US Navy conversion model for use on carriers; 16 produced.

    SNJ-2 - Similar to SNJ-1 but modified with a different powerplant.

    SBJ-3 - Naval equivalent to the AT-6A.

    SNJ-4 - Naval equivalent of the AT-6C.

    SNJ-5 - Naval equivalent of the AT-6D.

    SNJ-6 - Naval equivalent of the AT-6F.

    "Harvard" - Four variants of this model produced for British and Commonwealth export; based on the AT-6.

    Harvard I - Initial Royal Air Force delivery models of which 400 were produced.

    Harvard IIA - RAF equivalent of the AT-6C.

    Harvard IIB - Canadian-produced model based on the AT-16; supplied to Fleet Air Arm, the RAF and the RCAF.

    Harvard III - RAF equivalent of the AT-6D.

    Harvard 4 - RAF equivalent of the AT-6F.

    AT-16 - Canadian-produced model fitted with R-1340-AN-1 and supplied to the USAAF.

    BT-9 - Fitted with R-1340 engine generating 600 horsepower; non-retractable landing gear.

    "BT-14" - Fitted with Pratt & Whitney R-985 powerplant capable of 400hp.

    "Yale" - One variant produced for Canadian export based on the BT-14 model.

    T-6 "Mosquito" - Forward Air Control Model.