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  • Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar Military Transport / Gunship Aircraft

    The Fairchild C-119 proved to be a tremendous post-war performer in the transport and gunship roles.

     Updated: 6/19/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    Fairchild Corporation produced a winner in the post-war world with the introduction of the C-119 "Flying Boxcar". The Boxcar was derived from the C-82 "Packet" transport - looking ever more like the identical to the final C-119 production models - though the C-119 took several things further and would eventually earn its own designation, and an identifiable nickname that embodied the design. The system would go on to be fielded in quantity with forces from around the world with the United States leading the way by using the C-119 in both transport and gunship roles. The system would become a most active performer in the upcoming Korean War, particularly in the transport and airdrop role that included the dropping of supplies and airborne elements.

    The C-119 was initially born as the XC-82 prototype which would fly in September of 1944 to fulfill a US Army requirement for a military freighter role. The prototype would produce just one single production series variant in the form of the C-82A, and fielded with twin Pratt & Whitney R-2800-34 2,100 horsepower radial engines. Capabilities included accommodations for up to 78 combat ready troops, 42 airborne paratrooper elements or 34 medical litters among standard cargo as well. Of the C-82A series, no fewer than 220 would be delivered, setting the stage for a highly modified C-82 in the form of a new prototype known as the XC-82B - which would go on to assume the new designation of C-119.

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    Fairchild C-119C Flying Boxcar Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1949
    Type: Military Transport / Gunship Aircraft
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): Fairchild Corporation - USA
    Production Total: 1,183

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 5
    Length: 86.61 feet (26.4 meters)
    Width: 109.25 feet (33.30 meters)
    Height: 26.57 feet (8.10 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 39,804 lb (18,055 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 73,998 lb (33,565 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Wright R-3350-89 Cyclone 18-cylinder air-cooled radial engines developing 3,500 horsepower each.

    Maximum Speed: 281 mph (452 kph; 244 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,771 miles (2,850 km)
    Service Ceiling: 23,901 feet (7,285 meters; 4.53 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 1,010 feet-per-minute (308 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    Transport model typically unarmed. Gunship model (AC-119) armed.

    Global Operators / Customers

    Belgium; Brazil; Canada; China; Ethiopia; France; India; Italy; Jordan; Morocco; Norway; Spain; Taiwan; Vietnam (South); United states

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    XC-82 - Prototype Model Series Designation

    C-82 "Packet" - Initial Production Model Designation; highly modified to produce the C-119 variant; longer nose assembly distinguishes C-82 from C-119 design.

    C-82A - Only Production Version of the C-82 series; 220 examples produced.

    XC-82B - Secondary Prototype highly modified form of the C-82; would become the C-119 model series in the C-119B model.

    C-119 - Base Series Designation

    C-119B - Initial Production Model of the C-119 "Flying Boxcar"; structural strengthening throughout; increased cargo carrying capacity; fitted with 3,500hp R-4360-20 radial engines; 55 examples produced.

    C-119C - Fitted with R-4360-20WA engines; dorsal fin extensions added; sans tailplane outboard of vertical tail surfaces; 303 examples produced.

    C-119F - Modifications throughout; ventral fins added; 212 produced.

    C-119G - Replaced propeller systems; improved equipment; 480 examples produced.

    AC-119G - Gunship Variant Model; conversions of the C-119G model series; later standardized into AC-119K model series of gunships.

    AC-119K - Gunship Standard Designation

    C-119J - Revised C-119F and C-119G transport models to feature an inflight operable rear door on fuselage pod; some were modified C-119C and C-119G models with 2 x General Electric J85-GE-17 2,850lb thrust turbojet engines underwing for boosting.

    C-119L - C-119G models updated with new propeller systems; updated throughout.

    RQ-4 - US Navy Standard Designation