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  • Lockheed F-94 Starfire All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft

    The F-94 system was a further development of the T-33 twin-seat trainer aircraft produced by Lockheed.

     Updated: 6/19/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The F-94 (nicknamed "Starfire" in the "C" model only) was developed from the successful twin-seat Lockheed trainer aircraft known as the T-33 Shooting Star, which in itself was based on the single-seat P-80 / F-80 Shooting Star. The system was designed to overtake the F-80 in terms of performance, but more so to intercept the new high-level Soviet bombers capable of nuclear attacks on America and her Allies - in particular, the new Tupelov Tu-4. The F-94 was quickly designed as such, to fill this role until more capable aircraft could be studied and developed.

    The F-94 shared many visual similarities with the Shooting Star series including the single engine powerplant, twin intakes at the front, wingtip fuel tanks and a low-monoplane straight wing. The system was crewed by two personnel and featured a powerful radar, so prized by bomber command in fact, that flights over enemy territory were restricted for fear that the system would fall into enemy hands.

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    Lockheed F-94C Starfire Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1950
    Type: All-Weather Interceptor Aircraft
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): Lockheed Aircraft Corporation - USA
    Production Total: 853

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 2
    Length: 44.49 feet (13.56 meters)
    Width: 42.42 feet (12.93 meters)
    Height: 14.93 feet (4.55 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 12,701 lb (5,761 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 24,200 lb (10,977 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Pratt & Whitney J48-P-5 turbojet engine generating 8,750lbs of thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 585 mph (941 kph; 508 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,199 miles (1,930 km)
    Service Ceiling: 51,394 feet (15,665 meters; 9.73 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 7,980 feet-per-minute (2,432 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in forward fuselage

    4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in forward fuselage
    4 x 12.7mm Browning M3 machine guns in pods underwing (optional)

    24 x 2.75-inch Mighty Mouse air-to-air folding-fin aerial rockets underfuselage.
    24 x 2.75-inch Mighty Mouse air-to-air folding-fin aerial rockets in wing launchers.

    Global Operators / Customers

    United States

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    T-33 - Two-Seat Trainer Model on which the F-94 was based on.

    YF-94 - Initial Prototype Series Model Designation.

    YF-94 - Prototype Model Designation; 2 examples produced.

    F-94A - Initial Production Model; 110 examples produced.

    YF-94B - Single example; wingtip fuel tanks; improved A model.

    F-94B - 357 examples of YF-94B models.

    YF-94C - 2 examples based on YF-94B models; fitted with Pratt & Whitney J48 engines; tail surfaces swept; rockets in leading edge; YF-97A was original designation for this model.

    F-94C "Starfire" - Production model of YF-94C; elongated nose; JATO rockets; 387 examples produced; only aircraft in the series to be initially designated as the "Starfire".

    EF-94C - Proposed Reconnaissance Model

    YF-94D - Proposed single-seat close-support fighter.

    F-94D - Production Model of YF-94D; none produced with order cancellation.

    YF-97A - Original Designation of YF-94C Model.

    F-97A - Original Designation of F-94C Model.