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  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 (Fresco) Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

    The Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 jet fighter was a major improvement over the classic MiG-15 series.

     Updated: 3/21/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    As impressive as the later versions of the MiG-15 fighter were (detailed elsewhere on this site), the MiG-17 "Fresco" was a vastly improved development based on lessons learned in the formers design. With the MiG-15 representing the pinnacle of research garnered from captured documents of Germany after World War Two, the MiG-17 represented all that there was to recommend the MiG-15 with improvements to the handling and structure for the MiG-17 to be considered one of the best fighter designs ever constructed.

    The MiG-17 Fresco was already being developed when the MiG-15 hit full operational status on the frontlines. The MiG-17 incorporated lengthened wings that featured more of a sweep to the geometry. A larger tail assembly along with increased horizontal surfaces assured this new design that it would surpass the poor high-speed handling that plagued its predecessor. The system would be fielded with a single engine, single seat cockpit and a weapon array of 1 x 37mm cannon and 2 x 23mm cannons - an ode to the original MiG-15 weapon layout. Underwing stores allowed for additional weaponry in the form of rockets and bombs to be carried.

    Basically an all-new design when compared to the MiG-15 Fagot, the MiG-17 Fresco also featured a development of the "borrowed" British Nene powerplant - illegally licensed for production in the Soviet Union. The improved powerplant of the MiG-17 was a rather thirsty engine that required substantially more fuel when operating on full afterburn, even though this new airframe maintained roughly the same fuel-carrying capacity of the MiG-15. As a result, the MiG-17 was almost always fitted with two identifiable drop tanks underwing.

    As soon as the MiG-17 went into production, production of the MiG-15 was halted. The MiG-17 was fielded by a majority of Soviet forces and supported satellite regimes globally, with some even taking on local production of the system. Reliable, responsive and a great addition to the MiG line of aircraft, the MiG-17 proposed a new and veriable threat to the West.

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    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17F (Fresco) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1952
    Type: Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Mikoyan-Gurevich - Soviet Union / Chengdu - China
    Production Total: 10,367

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 36.94 feet (11.26 meters)
    Width: 31.59 feet (9.63 meters)
    Height: 12.47 feet (3.80 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 8,664 lb (3,930 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 13,393 lb (6,075 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Klimov VK-1F turbojet engine with afterburning developing 7,450 lb of thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 711 mph (1,145 kph; 618 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,230 miles (1,980 km)
    Service Ceiling: 54,462 feet (16,600 meters; 10.31 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 8,202 feet-per-minute (2,500 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    1 x 37mm cannon OR 2 x 23mm cannons OR 3 x 23mm cannons.

    Maximum external weapons load of up to 1,102lbs (500kg) consisting of any of the following:

    2 x 550lb bombs
    2 x UV-16-57 Rocket Pods (16 x 50mm rockets)
    2 x AA-1 Alkali radar-guided missiles

    Global Operators / Customers

    Congo; Cuba; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Madagascar; Mali; North Vietnam; Syria; Albania; China; Soviet Union; Russia; Sudan

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    MiG-17 "Fresco-A" - Initial production variant not differing greatly from the base MiG-15 models.

    MiG-17F "Fresco-C" - 88 gallon drop tanks for increased fuel range; Most produced model of the series.

    MiG-17P - Night Fighter / All-Weather Capability series designation.

    MiG-17PF "Fresco-D" - Night Fighter / All-Weather Capability featuring search and ranging radar systems.

    MiG-17PFU - Provisions for ARS-212 (AA-1) Alkali air-to-air radar-guided missiles; First missile-produced Soviet fighter.

    J-5 - Chinese single-seat locally-produced version based on the single-seat MiG-17; manufactured through Chengdu.

    JJ-5 - Chinese two-seat locally-produced version based on the two-seat MiG-17; manufactured through Chengdu.