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  • Lockheed C-130 Hercules Tactical Transport / Multi-role / Multi-Mission Aircraft

    The storied Lockheed C-130 Hercules has become a proven and highly versatile tactical transport aircraft.

     Updated: 6/23/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    Easily one of the most successful military aircraft of the post-World War 2 age, the Lockheed C-130 "Hercules" continues in dedicated service today, some sixty years after its first flight. The versatility of this transport became such that a plethora of special mission variants emerged over the course of its steady and lengthy career. Production has reached over 2,300 units with operators ranging from Afghanistan and Algeria to Yemen and Zambia while the United States remains its largest global operator through its use by special operations forces, airlift squadrons, electronic warfare groups, transport sections and more - all falling under various service banners including that of the Air National Guard and Coast Guard.

    The story of the Hercules began in a 1951 United States Air Force (USAF) requirement by which time America was already committed to a new war in Korea. The USAF requirement called for a new tactical-level transport with the ability to take-off and land on rough, unprepared runways in short order. As such, a high-winged, four-engined design was adopted from Lockheed that showcased the needed lift and control and low-altitude, low-speed flight. The design included an elevated flight deck and raised tail unit. The raised cockpit placement offered good views of the terrain ahead as well as the engine installations along each wing leading edge while the elevated tail section cleared the rear base of the aircraft for access to the hold within - the classic transport arrangement now copied by other manufactures the world over. The aircraft would serve as a direct replacement for aging, limited-scope transport types then in service and pressed to their limits over the Korean Peninsula.

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    Lockheed C-130H Hercules Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1956
    Type: Tactical Transport / Multi-role / Multi-Mission Aircraft
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): Lockheed Martin Corporation - USA
    Production Total: 2,300

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 5
    Length: 97.77 feet (29.8 meters)
    Width: 132.55 feet (40.40 meters)
    Height: 37.40 feet (11.40 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 76,505 lb (34,702 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 175,003 lb (79,380 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 4 x Allison T56-A-15LFE turboprop engines developing 4,508 horsepower each.

    Maximum Speed: 386 mph (621 kph; 335 knots)
    Maximum Range: 2,237 miles (3,600 km)
    Service Ceiling: 33,005 feet (10,060 meters; 6.25 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 1,830 feet-per-minute (558 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    Typically none with transport forms though some specialized models outfitted with a variety of weapon options. Internal payload of up to 42,637lbs of supplies, personnel and some light-class vehicles.

    Global Operators / Customers

    Algeria; Argentina; Australia; Austria; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bolivia; Botswana; Brazil; Cameroon; Canada; Chad; Chile; Colombia; Denmark; Ecuador; El Salvador; Egypt; Ethiopia; France; Gabon; Greece; Honduras; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Kuwait; Liberia; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Morocco; Netherlands; New Zealand; Niger; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; South Korea; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sweden; Taiwan; Thailand; Tunisia; Turkey; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Venezuela; Vietnam; South Vietnam; Yemen; Zambia

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    YC-130 - Prototype Model Designation; fitted with Allison T56-A-1A (3,750shp); three-blade propellers.

    C-130A - Initial Production Model designation.

    C-130B - Allison T56-A-7 turboprops introduced; increased fuel capacity; increase maximum weight.

    C-130E - Addition of two external fuel tanks; increased internal fuel capacity; 4,050shp turboprops of T56-A7a design; four-blade propellers.

    C-130H - More powerful Allison T56-A-15 engines; airframe and internal subsystem improvements.

    C-130H-30 - Lengthened fuselage.

    C-130J - Modernized variant; introduction of Allison AE 2100D3 turboprop engines; six-blade composite propellers; 2-pilot flight deck; multi-function displays; digital avionics.

    C-130J-SOF - Special Operations Forces version for export.

    C-130J-30 - Special 'stretched' version

    L-100 - Civilian Format

    L-100J - Civilian Format based on the C-130J-30 militarized variant.