Handley Page Halifax Heavy Night Bomber (1940)
The Handley Page Halifax bomber shined in both night-bombing and airborne support roles during World War 2.
While the Lancaster Heavy Bomber will always be more identifiable in terms of the British night bombing campaigns of World War Two, the Handley Page Halifax series of bombers should be remembered as being just as equally important in that role as well as others.
The Halifax began as the prototype order H.P.56 and originally featured a setup of just two Vulture piston engines. With lingering performance issues readily apparent, the Handley Page company designed another prototype featuring four Rolls-Royce powerplants with the new design designated as the H.P.57. Two H.P.57 prototypes were orders and put through the paces of real flight-testing.
In 1940, the first official production version of the Halifax entered service designated as the Halifax B.Mk I of which 84 total aircraft of this type were produced. The B.Mk I featured 4 x Merlin X's (or "tens") that could generate 1,280 horsepower each. This initial batch of 84 were split into three series in production known as the Series I, Series II and Series III - each featuring minor modifications. The Series II featured an increased maximum take-off weight while the Series III was engineering with greater fuel capacity.
The Halifax B.Mk II introduced the identifiable two-gun dorsal powered turret to compliment the four-gun turret assembly in the tail. Further variations were introduced with a dizzying array of powerplant setups and revised landing gear systems.
The Halifax saw action in other roles during and after the war as well. The transport variants were nothing more than based on original models but placed into the transport role (sans weaponry). Maritime and airborne support models followed this suit as well. Post-war models included the Halton civilian transport and the C.Mk 8 and A.Mk 9 variants.
In total, production of the Halifax series of aircraft was reported to be 6,177. The bombers were credited with dropping 227,610 tons of bombs through more than 75,530 sorties. In the end, the Halifax bomber proved to be an efficient heavy night bomber capable of fulfilling the other not-so-glorious roles of wartime.
Specifications for the
Handley Page Halifax
Heavy Night Bomber
Focus Model: Handley Page Halifax B.Mk VI
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
Manufacturer: Handley Page - UK
Initial Year of Service: 1940
Length: 71.59 ft (21.82 m)
Width: 104.17 ft (31.75 m)
Height: 20.73ft (6.32 m)
Weight (Empty): 39,000 lb (17,690 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 68,002 lb (30,845 kg)
Powerplant: 4 x Bristol Hercules 100 radial piston engines developing 1,800 horsepower each.
Maximum Speed: 312 mph (502 kmh; 271 kts)
Maximum Range: 1,260 miles (2,028 km)
Service Ceiling: 23,999 ft (7,315 m; 4.5 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 400 feet-per-minute (122 m/min)
1 x 7.7mm machine gun in nose
4 x 7.7mm machine guns in dorsal turret
4 x 7.7mm machine guns in tail turret
Internal bomb load of up to 13,000 lb (5,897 kg).
Variants: [ SHOW / HIDE ]
MORE AIRCRAFT: [ SHOW / HIDE ]