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  • Hawker Hunter Single-Seat Jet-Powered Daytime Interceptor / Strike Fighter Aircraft


    The Hawker Hunter was the longest-serving British jet fighter and found many foreign operators abroad.

     Updated: 6/19/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The Hawker Hunter was the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy jet fighter of choice for decades since its inception, becoming the longest serving British jet-powered fighter of her time. Outwardly, the Hunter was of a most conventional design but the aircraft would go on to prove that she was much more than good looks with a pair of wings. The Hunter was conceived of as a possible replacement for the aging Gloster Meteors jet fighters - post-World War 2 jet fighters whose time had eventually come. Hunters became a popular mount for many British and foreign fighter pilots the world over and, though only 1,972 of the type were eventually produced (in only five major variants no less), the Hunter secured its legacy as a superb legendary aircraft throughout the annals of military aviation history.

    Following World War 2, Hawker - along with most other major aviation firms - set about to find capable swept-wing fighter designs to complement the jet age still in her infancy. Specifications passed down by the British Ministry of Supply called for such an aircraft and set a fire in the minds of Hawker engineers - particularly Chief Designer Sydney Camm. Camm set to work and produced an experimental design eventually submitted for review in 1947 as the Hawker P.1052 prototype. The first of two such prototypes flew in November of the following year. The P.1052 bore a strong resemblance to another existing Hawker design - the Hawker Sea Hawk - an early straight-wing, carrier-based jet fighter. The P.1052 was differentiated from her predecessor in that she featured a 35-degree sweep to her wings but she was essentially the same Sea Hawk aircraft. Qualities and capabilities of this new aircraft design were deemed acceptable though no further development was pursued. Instead, Camm took the second P.1052 prototype design and revised it into the new Hawker P.1081 prototype. This particular version featured the same swept-back wings but also made use of sweep across all other winged surfaces on the tail. Like the Sea Hawk, the P.1081 featured a single powerplant (though designed for the newer and smaller Rolls-Royce Avon series over the larger Rolls-Royce Nene used in the Sea Hawk) with a single nose-mounted intake, a conventional tricycle undercarriage and "T" style tail unit all fitted to a tubular-shaped fuselage.


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    Hawker Hunter F.Mk 6 Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1956
    Type: Single-Seat Jet-Powered Daytime Interceptor / Strike Fighter Aircraft
    National Origin: United Kingdom
    Manufacturer(s): Hawker Siddeley - UK / Avions Fairey - Belgium / Fokker - Netherlands
    Production Total: 1,972



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 45.93 feet (14 meters)
    Width: 33.46 feet (10.20 meters)
    Height: 13.16 feet (4.01 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 12,776 lb (5,795 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 17,774 lb (8,062 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Rolls-Royce Avon 203 series turbojet developing 10,000 lb of thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 715 mph (1,150 kph; 621 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,839 miles (2,960 km)
    Service Ceiling: 51,532 feet (15,707 meters; 9.76 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 6,000 feet-per-minute (1,829 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    STANDARD:
    4 x 30mm ADEN cannons in under-fuselage gun pack

    OPTIONAL:
    4 x Matra rocket pods with 18 x SNEB 68mm rockets each.
    24 x Hispano SURA R80 80mm rockets
    4 x AGM-65 Maverick air-to-surface missiles
    4 x AIM-9 Sidewinder short-range, air-to-air missiles.
    External fuel drop tanks
    Up to 7,400lbs of conventional drop bombs

    Global Operators / Customers


    Abu Dhabi; Belgium; Chile; Denmark; Iraq; India; Jordan; Kenya; Kuwait; Lebanon; Netherlands; Oman; Peru; Qatar; Rhodesia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; Somalia; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom; Zimbabwe

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    P.1067 - Prototype Model Designation

    P.1101 - Prototype Designation for two-seat trainer.

    F.Mk 1 - Preproduction Model / Initial Batch Production Model; fitted with Rolls-Royce Avon 113 series turbojet; 139 produced.

    F.Mk 2 - Fitted with Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire Mk 101 turbojet engine; 45 produced.

    F.Mk 3 - Prototype fitted with afterburning Avon RA.7R turbojet engine of 9,600lbf thrust; airbrakes added to fuselage sides; redesigned nose section and windscreen; went on to set several world air speed records for the time.

    F.Mk 4 - Increased fuel capacity via additional fuel wing bladders; provision for underwing armament and fuel tanks; blisters added under-fuselage to deflect spent cannon shell casings; fitted with Avon Mk 115/21 series turbojet; 349 produced.

    F.Mk 5 - Similar to F.Mk 4 model but fitted with Sapphire series Mk 101 turbojet; 105 produced.

    F.Mk 6 - Clear-Weather Interceptor Designation; single-seat; fitted with newer Avon Mk 200 series of turbojet including the Mk 203 and Mk 207 marks; increased fuel capacity; underwing armament capability with four hardpoints; revised wing leading edge ("dogtooth" design); all-moving tailplane; 384 examples produced.

    F.Mk 6A - Reinforced wings similar to FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack model.

    T.Mk 7 - Two-Seat RAF Trainer; side-by-side seating.

    T.Mk 7A - Based on T.Mk 7 model but fitted with Integrated Flight Instrumentation System (IFIS); Blackburn Buccaneer trainer.

    T.Mk 8 - Two-Seat Royal Navy Trainer; based on T.Mk 7 but fitted with arrestor hook.

    T.Mk 8B - Fitted with IFIS and TACAN; sans cannon; Blackburn Buccaneer trainer.

    T.Mk 8C - Based on T.Mk 8 model with TACAN system fitted.

    T.Mk 8M - Fitted with Blue Fox radar system; Sea Harrier trainer.

    FGA.Mk 9 - Single-Seat RAF Ground-Attack Model; converted from F.Mk 6 models; Avon Mk 207 engine.

    FR.Mk 10 - Single-Seat, Tactical Reconnaissance Variant based on the FGA.Mk 9 model but converted from F.Mk 6 models; RAF use.

    GA.Mk 11 - Single-Seat Royal Navy Ground Attack Weapons Trainer; similar to the FR.Mk 10 model but converted from F.Mk 4 models.

    GR.Mk 11 - GA.Mk 11 conversion models fitted with Harley light and arrestor hook; 40 converted as such.

    PR.Mk 11 - Single-Seat Royal Navy Reconnaissance Model; camera fitted.

    F.Mk 12 - Single Production Example, Two-Seat Test Platform for the Royal Aircraft Establishment.

    F.Mk 50 - Swedish Export Model Designaion of F.Mk 4 fighters; 120 examples produced.

    J34 - Swedish designation for Hunter F.Mk 50 (F.Mk 4) export models.

    F.Mk 51 - Denmark Export Model Designation of F.Mk 4 fighters; 30 examples produced.

    F.Mk 52 - Peruvian Export Model Designation of F.Mk 4 fighters; 16 examples produced.

    T.Mk 53 - Denmark Export Model Designation of T.Mk 7 trainers; two example produced.

    F.Mk 56 - Indian Export Model Designation of F.Mk 6 fighter; 160 produced.

    FGA.Mk 56A - Indian Export Model Designation of FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack fighters.

    FGA.Mk 57 - Kuwaiti Export Model Designation of FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack fighters.

    F.Mk 58 - Swiss Export Model Designation of F.Mk 6 fighters.

    F.Mk 58A - Swiss Export Model Designation of FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack fighters.

    FGA.Mk 59 - Iraqi Export Model Designation of FGA.9 ground-attack fighters.

    FGA.Mk 59A - Iraqi Export Model Designation of follow-up FGA.9 ground-attack fighters.

    FGA.Mk 59B - Iraqi Export Model Designation of follow-up FGA.9 ground-attack fighters.

    T.Mk 60 - Saudi Export Model Designation of F.Mk 6 fighters.

    T.Mk 62 - Peruvian Export Model Designation of T.Mk 7 trainers.

    T.Mk 66 - Indian Export Model Designation of two-seat Hunter trainer; fitted with Rolls-Royce Avon 200 turbojet engines.

    T.Mk 66A - Promotional T.Mk 7 model.

    T.Mk 66B - Jordanian Export Model Designation of T 66 trainer.

    T.Mk 66C - Lebanese Export Model Designation of T 66 trainer.

    T.Mk 66D - Indian Export Model Designation of follow-up two-seat trainers; 12 examples.

    T.Mk 66E - Indian Export Model Designation of follow-up two-seat trainers; 5 examples.

    T.Mk 67 - Kuwaiti Export Model Designation of T.Mk 66 trainers.

    T.Mk 68 - Swiss Export Model Designation of T.Mk 66 trainers.

    T.Mk 69 - Iraqi Export Model Designation of T.Mk 66 trainers.

    FGA.Mk 70 - Lebanese Export Model Designation of FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack fighters.

    FGA.Mk 70A - Lebanese Export Model Designation of follow-up FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack fighters.

    T.Mk 70 - Saudi Export Model Designation of T.Mk 7 trainers delivered from RAF; 2 examples.

    FGA.Mk 71 - Chilean Export Model Designation of FGA.Mk 9 grund-attack fighter.

    FR.Mk 71A - Chilean Export Model Designation of FR.Mk 10 reconnaissance aircraft.

    FR.T 72 - Chilean Export Model Designation of T.Mk 66 trainers.

    FGA.Mk 73 - Jordanian Export Model Designation of FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft.

    FGA.Mk 73A - Jordanian Export Model Designation of follow-up FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft.

    FGA.Mk 73B - Jordanian Export Model Designation of follow-up FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft.

    FGA.Mk 74 - Singapore Export Model Designation for FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft.

    FR.Mk 74B - Singapore Export Model Designation for follow-up FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft; eight examples.

    T.Mk 75 - Singapore Export Model Designation for T.Mk 66 trainers.

    T.Mk 75A - Singapore Export Model Designation for follow-up trainers.

    FGA.Mk 76 - Abi Dhabi Export Model Designation for FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft.

    FR.Mk 76A - Abu Dhabi Export Model Designation for FR.Mk 10 reconnaissance aircraft.

    T.Mk 77 - Abu Dhabi Export Model Designation for T.Mk 7 trainers.

    FGA.Mk 78 - Qatar Export Model Designation for FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft.

    T.Mk 79 - Qatar Export Model Designation for T.Mk 7 trainers.

    FGA.Mk 80 - Kenyan Export Model Designation for FGA.Mk 9 ground-attack aircraft.

    T.Mk 81 - Kenyan Export Model Designation for T.Mk 66 trainers.