Grumman C-2 Greyhound Carrier-based Cargo Aircraft
The C-2 Greyhound transport was developed from the carrier-based E-2 Hawkeye Airborne Early Warning aircraft.
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The Grumman C-2 Greyhound was developed from the successful Grumman E-2 Hawkeye. Whereas the latter was a dedicated carrier-based Airborne Early Warning platform, the Greyhound was evolved into a carrier-based transport featuring a proper role classification of "Carrier Onboard Delivery" or COD. The Greyhound has proven an invaluable addition to US carrier operations across the world, being able to capably shuttle personnel, supplies and spare parts from land-bases to carriers at sea with outstanding turn-around times. Greyhounds served in Operation Desert Storm and continue to support ongoing US Navy operations in Operation Enduring Freedom. Some 39 C-2(R) models remain in active service. The C-2 Greyhound replaced the similar Grumman C-1 Traders in the same carrier-based role. C-1 Traders were twin piston-engine transports developed from the Grumman S-2 Tracker and appeared in 1952, operating until 1988.
The Greyhound prototype achieved first flight in 1964 while C-2A production began in 1965, lasting until 1968. A modernization program brought existing Greyhounds up to speed in 1973. This was followed by a second production batch beginning in 1984 and consisting of the improved C-2A(R) ("R" for "Reprocured") models and were ordered to replace original Greyhounds in service. The C-2A(R) was essentially the same Greyhound aircraft of old with the exception that these new production models fitted an updated avionic package and airframe refinements throughout in an effort to bring the old girl up to modern status. With the arrival of the C-2A(R), original C-2A systems were gradually removed from service by 1987. Production of C-2A(R) models lasted from 1985 through 1989.