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  • Mil Mi-28 (Havoc) Attack Helicopter

    The Mil Mi-28 Havoc has since become the standard attack helicopter for the Russian Air Force and Army - fielded alongside the rival Kamov Ka-50 / Ka-52 series.

     Updated: 6/13/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Mil Mi-28 (NATO reporting name of "Havoc") was a product of the Cold War designed as an anti-tank attack platform similar in scope and function to the American Hughes AH-64 Apache series. As in the Apache, the Mi-28 featured an armored tandem-seat, stepped cockpit for a pilot and weapons officer, a chin-mounted turreted cannon and wingstubs along the fuselage sides for various munitions options - rockets and anti-tank missiles.

    The Mi-28 system was on the drawing boards by early 1980 and flew in head-to-head competition trials with the Kamov-inspired single-seat, twin-rotor Ka-50 design. Though the eventual loser in the trials, the Mi-28 was still accepted for continued development and entered serial production in 1987 as the "Mi-28A" - being formally debuted to the public in the Paris Air Show of 1989. Though production for the initial mark did not last long (primarily due to its daytime-only operational status), the system was evolved in the Mi-28N day-night attack system (identified by the addition of a radome over the main rotor mast). Development of this new breed was slow as priority was still handed to the Ka-50 series and defense budgets were terribly slashed after the fall of the Soviet Empire in 1991. However, due to the fall of the Soviet Union, the much-limited Ka-50 series began giving ground to the multi-role qualities of the Mi-28 which eventually superseded the Ka-50 as the standard Russian attack helicopter in the post-Cold War world. The proved more adaptable to the ever-changing conditions of the modern battlefield of the time, were more conventional in their two-crew arrangement and were less expensive to produce in the numbers required. After the protracted development of the new day-night Mi-28N ("Night Hunter"), an official introduction to the inventory of the Russian Air Force service occurred on October 15th, 2009. The Mi-28 and Ka-50 have since been fielded side-by-side, interestingly both now representing the Russian standard attack helicopter. The Russian Army received their first Mi-28Ns in 2006 as a replacement for their aging Mi-24 Hinds in the dedicated attack role.

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    Mil Mi-28N (Havoc) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 2009
    Type: Attack Helicopter
    National Origin: Russia
    Manufacturer(s): Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant - Soviet Union / Russian Helicopters - Russia
    Production Total: 126

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 2
    Length: 55.81 feet (17.01 meters)
    Width: 56.43 feet (17.20 meters)
    Height: 15.42 feet (4.70 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 18,960 lb (8,600 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 25,353 lb (11,500 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Klimov TV3-117VMA turboshaft engines developing 2,200 horsepower each while driving a five-bladed main rotor and four-bladed tail rotor.

    Maximum Speed: 199 mph (320 kph; 173 knots)
    Maximum Range: 684 miles (1,100 km)
    Service Ceiling: 19,029 feet (5,800 meters; 3.60 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 2,680 feet-per-minute (817 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    1 x 30mm Shipunov 2A42 cannon in chin mounting.

    OPTIONAL (Mission Specific):
    4 hardpoints for 4,230 lbs of ordinance including 2 x rocket pods, 16 x AT-6 Spiral anti-armour missiles and gunpods as needed.

    Global Operators / Customers

    Algeria; Iraq; Kenya; Russia

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    Mi-28 "Havoc" - Base Series Designation

    Mi-28A - Original Developmental and Trial Model.

    Mi-28N/MMW - All-Weather Day/Night Attack Helicopter; improved Mi-28A model.

    Mi-28D - Daytime Combat Helicopter

    Mi-28NE - Simplified Nightime Operations Platform.

    Mi-28NAe - North Korean Export Version

    Mi-28L - Proposed Iraqi Export Version

    Mi-40 - Proposed transport/fighter concept.