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    Brewster F2A Buffalo Carrier-Based Monoplane (1937)

    Brewster F2A Buffalo Carrier-Based Monoplane (1937)

    The F2A Buffalo fought valiantly in the first Battle of Midway, where losses were heavy.




    Staff Writer (9/3/2015): The stubby F2A Buffalo series became the United States Navy's first operational aircraft of monoplane design. Despite this honor, the system as a whole failed to live up to expectations set forth by technology and combat tactics in the Second World War.

    The design of the Brewster Buffalo was fundamental in every sense of the word with the four fixed 12.7mm machine guns being the only true saving grace of the machine. The aircraft proved too heavy for dogfighting and suffered from poor maneuverability to boot. From the initial order of 54, only 11 were actually accepted into service with US forces, seeing action in the first engagement at the Battle of Midway. This engagement solidified the deficiencies inherent in the aircraft as 13 out of the 19 available Buffalos were lost to enemy fire.

    The British received the F2A as well, going on to furnish the official name of "Buffalo" to the system. Initial experiences showed the aircraft too outmatched for even the slightest of engagements in Europe and the system was shipped to the Pacific where it found modest success in Singapore against the Japanese. Finland proved to be the only successful user of the Brewster F2A Buffalo, fighting off wave after wave of Soviet aggression during three years of war (Russo-Finnish War).




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    Technical Specifications:
    Brewster F2A Buffalo
    Carrier-Based Monoplane


    PRIMARY

    Focus Model: Brewster F2A-3 Buffalo
    Origin: United States
    Manufacturer: Brewster - USA
    Service Entry: 1937
    Production Total: 0
    Crew: 1


    STRUCTURAL

    Length: 26.35 ft (8.03 m)
    Width: 35.01 ft (10.67 m)
    Height: 12.07ft (3.68 m)
    Weight (Empty): 4,731 lb (2,146 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 7,158 lb (3,247 kg)


    POWER

    Powerplant: 1 x Wright R-1820-40 cyclone radial piston engine.


    PERFORMANCE

    Maximum Speed: 321 mph (517 kmh; 279 kts)
    Maximum Range: 965 miles (1,553 km)
    Service Ceiling: 33,202 ft (10,120 m; 6.3 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 3,070 feet-per-minute (936 m/min)


    ARMAMENT

    Hardpoints: 0
    Armament Suite:
    4 x 12.7mm machine guns


    VARIANTS
    F2A - Initial Production Designation


    F2A-2

    F2A-3 - Improved Armament; Improved Armor


    OPERATORS
    Finland, United Kingdom, Netherlands East Indies and the United States of America.