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      Republic P-43 Lancer Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Trainer Aircraft  

    Republic P-43 Lancer Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Trainer Aircraft


    Production of the early-war Republic P-43 Lancer spanned from 1940 to 1941 and yielded some 272 total aircraft.





     Updated: 4/5/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The road to the classic World War 2-era single-seat, single-engine Republic P-47 "Thunderbolt" fighter was one that began in the pre-war years while Alexander Seversky still maintained control of his company (Seversky Aircraft Company). However, during September of 1939, Seversky was kicked out of the concern and the organization reformed as the "Republic Aviation Company". Despite the change, some of the company's earlier work endured, stemming from the P-35, XP-41 and AP-4 initiatives.

    Prior to Seversky's dismissal, his company had signed a contract for a new United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) fighter, essentially what was to become an evolved form consisting of the proven - and best - qualities of the preceding XP-41 and AP-4 models. The aircraft would carry an air-cooled Pratt & Whitney R-1830-35 with turbosupercharger and its design headed by Alexander Kartveli (also credited with the later P-47). Armament was improved to 2 x 0.50 caliber heavy machine guns with 2 x 0.30 caliber medium machine guns with the former were installed in the upper cowling and the latter carried (in single installations) at the wings. The wing mainplanes were elliptical in their general shape and the air scoop for the turbosupercharger was installed in the cowling itself under the engine (qualities later reused in the P-47). A "tail-dragger" undercarriage and single vertical tail fin completed the appearance of what was shaping up to be a promising fighter development.

    The design was finalized into the "YP-43" (no "X" designation was seen in the program) with the name of "Lancer". A first-flight was had in March of 1940.


    Republic P-43 Lancer Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1941
    Type: Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Trainer Aircraft
    National Origin: United States
    Manufacturer(s): Republic Aviation Corporation - USA
    Production Total: 272



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 28.54 feet (8.7 meters)
    Width: 36.09 feet (11.00 meters)
    Height: 14.11 feet (4.30 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 5,986 lb (2,715 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 8,466 lb (3,840 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830-49 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine developing 1,200 horsepower.

    Maximum Speed: 357 mph (575 kph; 310 knots)
    Maximum Range: 649 miles (1,045 km)
    Service Ceiling: 35,991 feet (10,970 meters; 6.82 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 2,500 feet-per-minute (762 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    ORIGINAL:
    2 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 heavy machine guns in upper engine cowling.
    2 x 0.30 caliber Browning machine guns in wings (one per wing).

    FINALIZED:
    4 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 heavy machine guns, two in cowling and one each in wings.

    Global Operators / Customers


    Australia; China; Taiwan; United States

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    P-43 "Lancer" - Base Series Designation

    YP-43 - Developmental designation; 13 examples completed.

    P-43 - Initial production model based on YP-43; 2 x 0.50 cal with 2 x 0.30 cal machine gun armament; 54 examples.

    P-43A - Second production model; 4 x 0.50 cal armament fitted; PW R-1830-49 radial engine; 80 examples.

    P-43A-1 - Chinese export model; self-sealing fuel tanks; centerline bomb /fuel tank provision; 4 x 0.50 cal machine gun armament; 125 examples.

    P-43B - Photo-reconnaissance model with camera equipment in tail unit; 150 conversions from A- and A-1-models.

    P-43C - Photo-reconnaissance model with different camera equipment fitted; two conversions from P-43A model.

    P-43D - Photo-reconnaissance model; PW R-1830-47 engine; six conversions from P-43A stock.

    P-43E - Proposed photo-reconnaissance model; PW R-1830-47; to be based on P-43A-1 model series.

    RP-43 - "Restricted from Combat" models from 1942 onward.

    P-44 "Rocket" - Proposed advanced fighter form with PW R-2180-1 "Twin Hornet" 1,400 horsepower engine; evolved to become the P-47 Thunderbolt.

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