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  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Fagot) Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft

    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet-powered fighter proved to be a potent adversary in the Korean War - particularly when flown by Soviet pilots.

     Updated: 6/19/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content Ā©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The MiG-15 (codenamed "Fagot" by the United Nations in reference to a "hastily bundled pile of sticks") became the Soviet Union's first true turbojet-powered fighter design of consequence and the first swept-wing aircraft of the Empire. The system went on to see extensive production total sand combat action particularly in the Korean War, proving more than a match for her contemporaries. With World War 2 delaying turbojet design in the Soviet Union, engineers instead looked to captured German scientists and their ground-breaking aircraft designs - along with securing an agreement with Britain to license-produce the Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet engine - and manufactured a fighter that fit the Soviet Empire's need for a powerful, effective and easy-to-produce/maintain jet fighter. By all respects, the aircraft would achieve "classic" status by sheer numbers and a successful track record thanks to its actions in Korea.

    As progress on turbojet-powered fighters was being steadily made in the West, the inevitable requirement for a similar Soviet system eventually came down. This new requirement specified an aircraft design capable of 621 miles per hour with a good rate-of-climb, a range of 745 miles and restricted landing and take-off distances. The new design was to take into account ease of production and maintenance to ensure it could stay in the fight as long as necessary without tanking the owners to the bank. Additionally, this aircraft was to be appropriately armed and offer up much internally in the way of its Western counterparts so as not to put the Soviet pilot at a disadvantage when they inevitably should meet one another.

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    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15bis (Fagot-B) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1949
    Type: Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Mikoyan-Gurevich - Soviet Union
    Production Total: 18,000

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 35.63 feet (10.86 meters)
    Width: 35.43 feet (10.80 meters)
    Height: 12.14 feet (3.70 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 8,115 lb (3,681 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 13,327 lb (6,045 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Klimov VK-1 turbojet engine developing 5,952 lb of thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 668 mph (1,075 kph; 580 knots)
    Maximum Range: 1,156 miles (1,860 km)
    Service Ceiling: 50,853 feet (15,500 meters; 9.63 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 11,480 feet-per-minute (3,499 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    1 x Nudelman N-37 37mm Cannon in starboard side weapons tray under fuselage.
    2 x Nudel'man/Rikhter NR-23 23mm Cannon in port side of weapons tray under fuselage.

    OPTIONAL (some models):
    2 x fuel drop tanks
    2 x drop bombs
    2 x rocket pods

    Global Operators / Customers

    Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Bulgaria; Cambodia; China; Congo; Cuba; Czechoslovakia; East Germany; Egypt; Finland; Guinea-Bissau; Hungary; Indonesia; Iraq; Israel (captured Egyptian samples); Libya, Madagascar; Mali, Mongolia; Morocco, Mozambique; Nigeria; North Korea; North Vietnam; Pakistan; Poland; Romania; Somalia; Soviet Union; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Syria; Tanzania; Uganda; North Vietnam

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    I-310 - Internal State Designation for MiG-15 prototype.

    S-1 - Initial Prototype

    S-2 - Second Prototype; 5,004lb Nene II engine; revised simplified canopy; repositioned wings; redesigned airfoil; V-95 aluminum alloy spars; ASp-1N automatic gun sight; S-13 gun camera; modified main landing gears for increased wheel base; provision for "slipper tanks" for increased range.

    S-3 - Third Prototype; Nene II engine; hydraulic airbrakes; increased wing anhedral by -1 degree; mass-balanced elevators; increased fuel capacity; bomb-carrying provisions; flash suppressor for N-37 cannon; increased take-off weight.

    MiG-15 "Fagot-A" - Initial Production Series Designation; Tactical Fighter.

    MiG-15 (izdeliye SA-1) - Development Model

    MiG-15 (izdeliye SA-2) - Development Model

    MiG-15 (izdeliye SA-3) - Development Model; 16 production MiG-15's fitted with RD-45F engines and OSP-48 ILS landing systems.

    MiG-15 (izdeliye SA-4) - Development Model; revised instrument panel; in-flight engine restart mechanism implemented; automatic airbrake extension system for speeds above Mach 0.95.

    MiG-15 (izdeliye SO) - Development Model; revised gun sight system and forward canopy.

    MiG-15 (izdeliye SU) - Development/Weapons Test Model; cannons were modified to include elevation of +11/-7 degrees.

    MiG-15 (izdeliye SSh) - Development/Weapons Test Platform; 1 x SH-3 23mm cannon replaced 2 x NS-23KM 23mm cannons on portside of weapons tray; Two models modified as such.

    MiG-15bis "Fagot-B" - Major Production Model appearing from 1951 onwards; Tactical Fighter; fitted with VK-1 turbojet engine of 5,952lbs; radically improved Fagot-A models; enlarged tail cone; redesigned internal layout for new engine; reduced aft fuel storage resulting in decreased range; signal flare launcher installed along rear starboard fuselage side; modified airbrakes; later models featured improved canopy design, Sirena Radar Homing and Warning System (RHAWS), ASP-3NM gun sight, G-suits, revised ejection seat and rear-view periscope - these improvements appearing in 1952 and onwards; attack and fighter-bomber versions existed.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SYa) - Development Model; three MiG-15bis models pulled aside for wing strengthening testing.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SD-P) - Development Model; landing roll was addressed through testing of an anti-skid system and various parachute types.

    MiG-15bisS "Fagot-B" - Escort Fighter; increased fuel capacity through slipper tanks and increased oxygen capacity; higher gross weight; heavy duty tires.

    MiG-15bisR - Photo-Reconnaissance Model; equipped with AFA-BA-40 40mm focal length camera.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SD-ET) - Development Model; fitted with 12SAM-25 DC battery and ST2-48 self-contained starter system.

    MiG-15bisP (izdeliye SP-1) - Experimental Interceptor; redesigned forward fuselage for radar equipment and dish array; noticeable fairing set above nose air intake; repositioned and reinforced nose gear.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SP-5) - Experimental Interceptor; Izumrood-1 radar system; nose fairing over intake opening; Klimov VF-5 centrifugal-flow 6,613lb engine.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SYe) - Aerodynamics Research Platform.

    MiG-15M - Target Drone Designation.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SD-5) - Development Model; provision for 2 x rocket pods.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SD-10) - Development Model; provision for 2 x PROSAB-100 anti-aircraft bombs.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SD-21) - Weapons Test Bed; provisions for two rocket pods and two drop tanks.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SD-25) - Development Model; provision for 2 x PROSAB-250 anti-aircraft bombs.

    MiG-15bis (izdeliye SD-57) - Development Model; provision for 2 x rocket pods.

    MiG-15bis (ISh) - Developmental Model; improved attack version; perhaps some 12 such examples were produced as experimental.

    MiG-15bis Captive Long-Range Escort Fighter - Part of the abandoned Project Burlaki "parasite" fighter program.

    I-312 - Internal State Designation for UTI-MiG-15 "Midget" prototype.

    UTI-MiG-15 (izdeliye ST-1) - UTI-MiG-15 prototype model

    UTI-MiG-15 (izdeliye ST-2) - UTI-MiG-15 prototype model

    UTI-MiG-15 "Midget" - Two-seat advanced conversion trainer designation.

    UTI-MiG-15P - Interceptor Trainer Model

    UTI-MiG-15 (izdeliye ST-10) - Ejection Seat Test Model

    UTI-MiG-15 (izdeliye ST-15STK) - Ejection Seat Test Model

    Shenyang Jianjiji-2 (Fighter Aircraft Type 2, Jian-2, J-2) - Chinese Designation of MiG-15 and MiG-15bis types.

    Shenyang F-2 - Chinese Export Designation of MiG-15 and MiG-15bis types.

    Shenyang Jianjiji Jiaolianji-2 (Fighter Trainer Aircraft-2, Jianjiao-2, JJ-2) - Chinese Designation of UTI-MiG-15 two-seat trainer model.

    Shenyang FT-2 (Fighter Trainer-2) - Chinese Export Designation of UTI-MiG-15 two-seat trainer models.

    Avia S-102 - Czech designation for Fagot-A.

    MiG-15SB - Czech designation for fighter-bomber conversion models of Fagot-A; six underwing hardpoints for bombs, drop tanks and rocket pods.

    MiG-15T - Czech designation for target tug Fagot-A models.

    Avia S-103 - Czech designation for Fagot-B models.

    MiG-15bis/PPZ-1 ILS - Czech designation for Fagot-B models fitted with PPZ-1 landing systems.

    MiG-15bisSB - Czech designation for fighter-bomber conversion models of Fagot-B; similar to MiG-15SB types; several served as weapons test beds as well.

    MiG-15bisR - Czech designation for photo reconnaissance aircraft.

    MiG-15bisT - Czech designation of target tug MiG-15bis Fagot-B models.

    MiG-15V - Czech designation of target drones.

    CS-102 - Czech designation of two-seat UTI-MiG-15 "Midget" two-seat trainers; some fitted with PPZ-1 ILS landing system.

    Lim-1 - Polish designation of Fagot-A tactical fighters.

    Lim-1,5 - Polish designation of Lim-1's upgraded to Lim-2 standard.

    Lim-2 - Polish designation of Fagot-B tactical fighters; updated avionics package.

    Lim-2R - Polish designation of photo reconnaissance models.

    Lim-2 "Smugacz" - Polish Demonstrator Aircraft

    SBLim-1 "Midget" - Polish designation of two-seat UTI-MiG-15 trainer.

    SBLim-2 "Midget" - Polish designation of two-seat UTI-MiG-15 trainer; Lis-2 and Lis-2SB engines; enlarged airbrakes; 1 x NR-23 cannon.

    SBLim-1Art - Polish designation of Artillery Spotter/Reconnaissance aircraft; later SBLim-1A.

    SBLim-2Art - Polish designation of Artillery Spotter/Reconnaissance aircraft; later SBLim-2A.

    SBLim-2M - Polish designation of advanced trainer.