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Marlin Model 1894

Carbine Rifle [ 1894 ]

The Marlin Model 1894 never really went out of production since its 1894 release date - it is now a Remington Arms product.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/13/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Marlin Firearms Company entered into the gun market during 1870 and made a name for itself by manufacturing various useful revolvers, compact derringer pistols, shotguns and rifles. In 1894 came their Model 1894 carbine utilizing a lever-action system that provided repeat-fire capabilities at a time when widespread acceptance of semi-automatic and automatic rifles was still some time away. Its first attempt at a lever-action-based long gun came with its Model 1881 and this design was progressively evolved based on experience to produce the Model 1894 as a refinement of all of this work heading into the new millennium.

The Model 1894 was given a conventional design arrangement with an angled solid wood stock at rear (also making up the pistol grip), a wooden forend under the bulk of the rifle, and a shortened barrel with underslung tube assembly to keep the overall length of the weapon in check. The receiver was slab-sided and housed the internal working components of the gun while the hammer was visible at its upper rear and the trigger was held underneath the rectangular frame in the usual way. The trigger area included the lever-action assembly with its large, oblong cut-out port for the managing fingers of the shooting hand. This was the mechanism that proved the "heart and soul" of any lever-action rifle design - the downward motion ejected a spent shell casing from the firing chamber while a new cartridge was introduced from the underslung tube magazine. Depending on chambering (which was highly variable throughout the life of the weapon), the Model 1894 could fire between six and ten rounds from the spring-loaded tube.

Overall weight was in the six-pound range and lengths varied from 36- to 40-inches. Barrels were also variable in their available lengths - between 18.5- and 22-inches depending on model. Chamberings included .32-20 Winchester, .38 Special, .357 Magnum, and .44 Magnum among others. Sighting was through an adjustable rear and ramped front iron arrangement.

Amazingly, the Model 1894 never exited production since its introduction back in 1894. However, its rights were sold off to Remington Arms in 2008 and the guns have since been manufactured under that illustrious label. The original guns came from Marlin Firearms Company of North Haven, Connecticut. Its design is attributed to John Mahlon Marlin.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

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United States


Carbine Rifle

Marlin Firearms Company - USA
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Overall Length
914 mm
35.98 in
Barrel Length
470 mm
18.50 in
Empty Wgt
6.06 lb
2.75 kg

Iron Front and Rear


Manually-Actuated Lever-Action System

System popularized in the latter half of the 1800s; involves manual actuation of a lever handle to clear the chamber and introduce a fresh cartridge form the magazine - typically of tube form under the barrel.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


.32-20 Win; .32 HR Mag; .38 Spc; .357 Mag; .41 Mag; .44-40 Win; .44 Spc; .44 Mag

Rounds / Feed

6-, 9, or 10-Round Tubular Magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
300 ft
(91 m | 100 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
1,200 ft/sec
(366 m/sec)

Model 1894 - Base Series Designation
Model 1894S - 10-round magazine; 20" barrel length
Model 1894SS - Stainless steel model
Model 1894CSS - Stainless steel model
Model 1894P - 16.25" ported barrels
Model 1894C - 9-round magazine; 18.5" barrel length
Model 1894CP - 16.25" ported barrels
Model 1894CSBL - Stainless; large loop lever; 16.25" barrel length.
Model 1894CB - Front-tube loading port; refined, reduced lever movement.
Model 1894CL - 6-round magazine; 22" barrel length
Model 1894CCL - 20" octagonal barrel
Model 1894FG - 10-round magazine; 20" barrel length

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Image from official Marlin Firearms marketing material.


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