×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
INFANTRY
MODERN ARMIES
SPECIAL FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
INTERWAR PERIOD
WORLD WAR 2
WINTER WAR

Lahti L-35


Semi-Automatic Pistol (1935)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

The Lahti L-35 became a fine semi-automatic pistol example and saw considerable service during World War 2.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/28/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Aimo Lahti lent his design talents to a new Finnish semi-automatic pistol which bears his name as the "Lahti L-35". While initially appearing as nothing more than a German Luger clone, the L-35 borrowed the external appearance of the famous weapon while mating this to a Bergmann-style internal mechanism to produce one of the finer semi-automatic pistol examples of World War 2 (1939-1945). The weapon came to be well-recognized for its high level of finish and quality as well as its in-the-field reliability.

Design work began in 1929 and the gun was adopted as the official sidearm of the Finnish Army in 1935 - hence its designation - replacing the outgoing Pistol m/23 series. Production of the pistol was handled by Valtion Kivaaritehdas in Finland and Husqvarna Vapenfabriks Aktiebolag of Sweden during its service life to which some 98,700 examples were ultimately manufactured.

The L-35 was chambered for the globally popular 9x19mm Parabellum, a pistol cartridge originating in Germany and still in use today (2015). The weapon exhibited a weight of 2.75 pounds when loaded and featured an overall length of 9.3 inches with a 4.6 inch long barrel. As in the Luger, the L-35 sported a noticeably backwards-cranked pistol grip handle with integrated ringed trigger area. The receiver was generally boxy in its appearance and only ran through the midway length of the gun with the barrel exposed along the remaining length in the typical Luger way. A rear notch and front blade post made up the sighting combination. The grip handle housed a spring-loaded, 8-round detachable box magazine and the weapon's action was recoil-operated with use of a locked breech arrangement. Muzzle velocity was 1,100 feet per second.

The weapon saw considerable service throughout World War 2 (1939-1945) and featured firstly in the "Winter War" (1939-1940) against the invading Soviet Union. It saw extended service against the Soviets in the following "Continuation War" (1941-1944) and contributed to the Finnish cause during the "Lapland War" (1944-1945) against Germany in the later stages of World War 2. Under the rigors of combat abuse, the L-35 gave a good account of itself as a reliable weapon for its internal design makeup was particularly good in resisting the buildup of dirt. This sort of quality lent itself well to temperate, mountainous, and arctic conditions. Furthermore, a bolt "accelerator" could be fitted to elevate its rate-of-fire though this was primarily used to increase reliability in cold weather operations.

If the L-35 held any detrimental qualities, it was in its complex take-down process which eventually would require a skilled gunsmith to fully strip. It was also notably heavy in the hand when loaded. Otherwise, they were exceptionally well made pistols for their time and often overlooked in the family of Luger-style sidearms appearing during the 1930s and 1940s period.

Husqvarna of Switzerland produced the Lahti L-35 as the "Pistol m/40" from 1940 to 1946. The Finnish L-35 was selected for the Swedish Army only after import of the original selection - the German Walther P38 semi-automatic - was given up with Germany's official entry into World War 2.

Specifications



Service Year
1935

Origin
Finland national flag graphic
Finland

Classification


Semi-Automatic Pistol


Valtion Kivaaritehdas - Finland / Husqvarna Vapenfabriks Aktiebolag - Sweden
National flag of Finland National flag of Sweden Finland; Sweden
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Pistol / Sidearm
Compact design for close-quarters work or general self-defense.


Overall Length
235 mm
9.25 in
Barrel Length
118 mm
4.65 in
Empty Wgt
2.76 lb
1.25 kg
Sights


Rear Notch; Front Blade.


Action


Semi-Automatic; Recoil-Operated; Locked Breech

Semi-Automatic
One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moved bolt.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


9x19mm Parabellum

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of a 9mm pistol cartridge
Rounds / Feed


8-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Muzzle Velocity
1,100 ft/sec
(335 m/sec)


L-35 - Base Series Designation
Pistol m/40 - Swedish Army designation; production by Husqvarna.


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003- :::NEWSITE