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RPG-76 Komar (Mosquito)


Single-Shot, Disposable Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG) (1985)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Image from the Polish Ministry of National Defence website: http://www.wp.mil.pl

Jump-to: Specifications

The RPG-76 Komar was developed as a lightweight, single-shot anti-tank weapon for Polish infantrymen.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/18/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The tank has been an infantry danger since the days of World War 1 (1914-1918) when they proved the difference between victory and defeat in the latter offensives of the conflict. Over the decades, militaries have funded development of various tank counters, running the gamut of portable shoulder-fired rockets, missiles, and grenades, specialized mines, and large-caliber armor-defeating rifles. Near the end of the Cold War in 1985, the Polish Army took into inventory a locally-developed solution intended to provide its infantrymen with a very portable anti-armor weapon - the RPG-76 "Komar" ("Mosquito").

Design work on the weapon began in the early 1970s between a group of Polish ad Bulgarian engineers and prototype rockets followed in 1973 (the launchers would come in 1980). From 1983 to 1995, some 100,000 of the weapon arrived through serial production out of Precision Works, Niewiadow and into the hands of Polish troopers (Bulgarian participation in the project ended some years prior). The RPG-70 became a single-shot anti-tank grenade launcher solution utilizing an unguided, armor-defeating rocket-powered projectile fired from a simple, hand-held / shoulder-braded launch tube. The weapon weighed 2 kilograms assembled and featured an overall length of 1,190 mm when fully extended / opened and made ready-to-fire. The rocket's caliber was a then-useful 68mm which provided penetration of up to 260mm of base armor protection. Muzzle velocity was 145 meters per second with an effective firing range out to 250 meters. Sighting was through a iron arrangement fixed onto the launch tube. Once fired, the expended launch tube was discarded making them relatively cheap to mass-produce and easy to operate / maintain.

A single soldier could carry multiple RPG-76 packs for a repeat-fire anti-tank capability and, while this would appear as something of a burden, it proved far more handy than hauling a full-size Soviet-style RPG weapon system and its reload rocket grenades. The smaller profile of the RPG-76 also made it far safer to fire the weapon from the confines of enclosed spaces unlike the RPG series which tended to generate a considerable amount of "back-blast" in such a scenario.

Despite the promising aspects of the RPG-76, it arrived at a time that saw Western armor protection rapidly evolving to nullify the benefits of a portable, small-caliber anti-armor solution. This limited the large-scale use of the RPG-76 in the Polish Army and left it primarily for the more specialized troopers such as airborne and special forces. Despite this, the weapon has managed an active position within the Polish military inventory into the 2000s, seeing service with Polish elements as recently as Afghanistan and Iraq where its capabilities are regarded as sound against certain types of fortifications, light armored / unarmored vehicles, and dug-in enemy personnel.

The modern primary approach to "tank-busting" for the Polish Army falls to a collection of weapons that includes the venerable Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.

Specifications



Service Year
1985

Origin
Poland national flag graphic
Poland

Classification


Single-Shot, Disposable Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG)


Precision Works - Poland
National flag of Poland Poland
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.
Anti-Armor / Anti-Tank / Anti-Material
Designed to engage and defeat armor / enemy tanks at range.
Special Purpose
Special purpose weapon for a specially defined battlefield role.


Overall Length
1,190 mm
46.85 in
Barrel Length
805 mm
31.69 in
Empty Wgt
3.92 lb
1.78 kg
Sights


Iron


Action


Single-Shot; Disposable Launch Tube

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


68mm

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of a shoulder-fired rocket projectile
Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
820 ft
(250 m | 273 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
1
rds/min
Muzzle Velocity
476 ft/sec
(145 m/sec)


RPG-76 "Komar" - Base Series Name


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