Barrett Firearms Manufacturing of the United States had expanded upon the original Barrett M82/M107 anti-material rifle family with the introduction of its XM109 model. The weapon is chambered to fire the 25x59mm "smart" grenade that once formed the focus of the now-abandoned General Dynamics XM307 grenade-projecting weapon (detailed elsewhere on this site). The XM109 features the lower receiver of the classic M82/M107 anti-material rifle with an all-new upper receiver element. This allows the XM109 to be "rebuilt" and used in the traditional anti-material rifle role. The XM109 relies on a proven semi-automatic, short-recoil action with feeding by way of a 5-round detachable box magazine. It takes on a traditional rifle-style arrangement - shoulder stock, pistol grip, magazine, and forend/handguard.
For a time, the XM109 was known under the name of "Objective Sniper Weapon (OSW).
Overall weight of the XM109 is just over 33 lb with a running length of 46 inches and a barrel measuring 17.6 inches long. The shoulder stock is skeletal which reduces overall weight. The muzzle incorporates a massive vertically slotted brake to help content with the violent recoil effects of firing such a large caliber projectile. Across the top of the weapon is a long section of Picatinny rail which allows for a variety of optics to be fitted. A folding (optional) bipod is installed under the forend/handguard ahead of the magazine well and a carrying handle eases transport of the weapon on marches. A large ejection port is identified along the right side of the weapon body for ejecting the large spent casings of the 25mm grenade.
As with the M84/M107 series rifles, the XM109 is primarily intended to defeat light armored vehicles and engage personnel behind light fortified cover at range. The grenade aspect of the round adds a unique capability that typical anti-material rifles lack as grenades can carry variable warhead loads. A BORS ballistic computer assists in the "smart" aspect of the grenades in play. As a complete package, the XM109 is said to provide for increased engagement ranges over that as offered by the original Barrett rifles though within a more compact, portable package.
Current known operators of the XM109 include the Ukrainian Army.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.
✓Anti-Armor / Anti-Tank / Anti-Material
Designed to engage and defeat armor / enemy tanks at range.
1,200 mm 47.24 in
450 mm 17.72 in
33.29 lb 15.10 kg
Semi-Automatic; Short Recoil; Magazine-Fed
One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moved bolt.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)
Rounds / Feed
5-Round Detachable Box Magazine
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources. **Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
6,335 ft (1,931 m | 2,112 yd)
XM109 - Base Series Designation
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.
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