Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024) Special Forces

Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Model 1891 (Argentine Mauser)

Bolt-Action Service Rifle [ 1891 ]

The Model 1891 Argentine Mauser was the Model 1889 Belgian Mauser by way of the Model 1890 Turkish Mauser.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/20/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Once perfected beyond their early offerings, German Mauser bolt-action rifles proliferated the firearms market of the world by the end of the 1800s and into the early 1900s. If a given bolt-action rifle wasn't a Mauser-based design then it held origins in the competing Austro-Hungarian Mannlicher line of gunes. Mauser manufacturing hubs were eventually established in several other countries including Belgium which begat allows for production of the slightly altered Model 1889 "Belgian Mauser". This form was more or less faithful to the German design but added a barrel jacket for strength. The design was then adopted by the Ottoman Empire (with some modifications) to become the Model 1890 "Turkish Mauser". From this design then came the Model 1891 "Argentine Mauser" which, like the Turkish gun, lacked the barrel jacket featured in the Belgian design - a quality ultimately found more detrimental than beneficial.

An Argentine government commission sought to replace earlier Model 1871s in Argentine service and contracted with Mauser in 1886 to upgrade their existing stocks. The result was adoption of the Model 1891 largely based on the Model 1890 Turkish Mauser though with subtle modifications to suit the Argentine Army requirement. This included a revised bolt assembly and reinforced extractor unit while being chambered for the local 7.65x53mm Argentine Mauser cartridge. On every other quality however the Argentine Mauser was essentially the Turkish variant and a Mauser long gun through and through.

The Model 1891 featured a single-piece wood stock with a straight-wrist grip section. The bolt handle held the typical knob at its end for ease of use and the assembly sat over the right side of the gun. The trigger loop was underslung in the usual way with a projecting magazine case featured just ahead of the trigger unit. The metal working components were inlaid to the woodwork and a single band joined the stock to the barrel. Sighting was through iron fixtures across the top of the frame and at the muzzle. The weapon was fed through a 5-round integral box magazine. As with other rifles of the period, Argentine Mausers held provision for the mounting of a bayonet.

As a bolt-action weapon, the rifle required manual actuation of the bolt system to strip a fresh cartridge from the awaiting integral magazine and enter said cartridge into the firing chamber, providing the effective lock and seal for the bullet prior to firing. Muzzle velocity reached 2,100 feet per second with the weapon ranged out to about 2,080 yards. As with other Mausers, Argentine versions were equally long (51 inches overall) and heavy (8.8lb) but structurally strong and robust under adverse combat conditions.

Beyond the standard long gun form, the Argentine Army adopted the weapon in a "Model 1891 Cavarly Carbine" variant, these weapons being shortened (to 37 inches) for a more compact profile - suitable for cavalry troops in the field. The original Model 1891 long gun was eventually updated during 1909 to produce the Model 1891/09 designation - the guns given regraduated sights following the widespread adoption by global militaries of the pointed "Spitzer" bullet. Pointed bullets succeeded the older rounded bullet types.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Basics [+]
Waffenfabrik Mauser AG - Imperial Germany / Fabrique Nationale - Belgium
Argentina National flag of Argentina
Service Year
National Origin

Overall Length
1,295 mm / 50.98 in
Barrel Length
780 mm / 30.71 in
Weight (Empty)
8.82 lb / 4.00 kg
Manually-Actuated Bolt-Action
Manually-actuated process of managing the bolt lever to eject spent cartridge case, clearing the breech, to introduce fresh catridge into the chamber.
7.65x53mm Argentine Mauser
*May not represent an exhuastive list; Calibers may be model-specific dependent; Always consult official manufacturer sources.
5-Round Integral Magazine
Iron Front and Rear.

Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information.

12 rpm
Muzzle Velocity
2,100 ft/sec / 640 m/sec

Model 1891 - Base Series Designation; original production forms based on the Turkish Mauser; chambered for 7.65x53mm Argentine Mauser cartridge.
Model 1891 Cavalry Carbine - Shortened cavalry carbine form for mounted and specialist troops; 37" length.
Model 1891/09 - Update of 1909 for pointed Spitzer bullets; regraduated sights.

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon representing special forces
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)