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2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower)


82mm Towed Heavy Gun-Mortar (1970)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

Introduced during the 1980s, the 2B9 Vailek 82mm gun-mortar is still in use with modern Russian airborne forces.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/03/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The mortar as a battlefield weapon has been a mainstay of militaries for decades. In 1970, the Soviet Army introduced a new heavy-class "gun-mortar" as the 2B9 "Vasilek" - or "Cornflower". The system fired 82mm projectiles out to ranges of 4,270 meters reaching rates-of-fire up to 120 rounds-per-minute. With the fall of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s-early 1990s, the weapon passed on to the modern Russian Army and the armies of Armenia and Ukraine. A foreign customer of the product became Syria.

For mobility, the 2B9 was set atop a heavy-duty, two-wheeled split-trail carriage system which allowed towing by mover vehicle or large-scale traversal adjustments by the crew (of at least four to six personnel). A sighting device allowed for more precise firing through up to 3x magnification. The launch tube could be loaded through its breech assembly or down the muzzle. The tube's mounting hardware held an inherent traverse span of 60-degrees to either side from center and an elevation span from -1 to +85 degrees. Each 82mm projectile weighed seven pounds. A recoil mechanism was fitted about the launch tube to contend with the forces at work. A circular baseplate was lowered prior to firing which raised the unit from its wheeled support while the rear of the system was suspended by the split-trail carriage arms.

Original Vasilek models were the 2B9 series and these were followed by a modernized form in 1983 designated as the "2B9M". In 1988, a vehicle-mounted form emerged for use on MT-LB Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) which broadened the tactical value of both vehicle and weapon considerably - very useful combination for the indirect fire support role.

The Vasilek weapon has been in constant use since its inception, being seen as recently as in the fighting of the Syrian Civil War (2011-????) (by both rebel elements and government forces) and in the Donbass Region of the Ukrainian Civil War (2014-????) (again by rebel elements and government forces).

Specifications



Service Year
1970

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Classification


82mm Towed Heavy Gun-Mortar


Bolshevik Plant - Soviet Union
National flag of Armenia National flag of Iraq National flag of Russia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Syria National flag of Ukraine Armenia; Iraq; Russia; Syria; Soviet Union; Ukraine
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.


Empty Wgt
1,399.94 lb
635.00 kg
Sights


Integrated Optics.


Action


Breech- or Muzzle-Loaded

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


82mm

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of an infantry mortar projectile / shell
Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot; Reusable Gun Tube
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
14,000 ft
(4,267 m | 4,667 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
25
rds/min
Muzzle Velocity
890 ft/sec
(271 m/sec)


2B9 "Vasilek" - Base Series Designation


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