×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

M17 (T2 Grenade)


Rifle Grenade


United States | 1941



"The M17 Rifle Grenade was the standard rifle grenade series used by American troops during World War 2."

Physical
The physical qualities of the M17 (T2 Grenade). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
248 mm
9.76 in
O/A Length
248 mm
9.76 in
Barrel Length
1.47 lb
0.67 kg
Weight
Muzzle-Mounted; Blank Rifle Cartridge-Actuated; Impact Fuse
Action
57mm
Caliber(s)
Single-Use
Feed
On Rifle.
Sights
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the M17 (T2 Grenade) Rifle Grenade family line.
M17 - Base Series Designation
T-2 - Alternative designation


Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/03/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Prior to the wide scale adoption of man-portable, shoulder-fired rocket weapons during the Cold War, the "rifle grenade" was used to expand the battlefield capabilities of the basic infantryman during World War 2 (1939-1945). It now allowed the rifleman to launch, through indirect and direct fire, standard hand grenades at range - useful in engaging dug-in enemy. The standardized rifle grenade deployed by American forces in the early-to-middle years of the war became the "M17"and this weapon was nothing more than a special adapter - making up the rifle grenade's body - fitted to the common Mk 2 "Pineapple" anti-personnel fragmentation grenade. The weapon was fitted over the barrel of the service rifle and actuated through use of a blank .30-06 rifle cartridge. The M17 entered service in 1941 and was in standardized, frontline use into 1944 by which time the series was officially succeeded by the "M1 Projection Adaptor" which appeared from 1943 onwards - this new product retained the Mk 2 hand grenade as its warhead.

The M17 carried a base 22 gram TNT filling and was detonated through an impact fuse integrated to the base. With the Mk 2 grenade screwed onto the launcher unit, the completed system measured 248mm long and held a weight of 667 grams with a diameter reaching 57mm. Unlike traditional hand grenades, which generally exposed the infantryman to enemy fire while throwing, rifle grenades allowed for indirect, angled fire which protected the operator some from battlefield dangers. Additionally, engagement ranges were improved. Despite the benefits, there did prove some limitations to the effectiveness of rifle grenades - the M17, in particular, required hardened surfaces to properly detonate which sometimes left ordnance unexploded when landing on softer terrains. The weapon also increased the length of an already long, and heavy, service rifle when fitted to the muzzle. The detonating power and fragmentation of the grenade was also unchanged from its thrown form - so blast radius remained equal to that seen in the original design.

Nevertheless, there proved a need for such weapons and the M17 gave years of faithful service. It could prove the difference between an infantry squad being pinned down for hours in the mud under machine gun fire or an infantry squad being able to engage the unsuspecting machine gun crew with a foxhole-clearing device.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the M17 (T2 Grenade). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): State Factories - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
1 / 2
Image of the M17 (T2 Grenade)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
2 / 2
Image of the M17 (T2 Grenade)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Going Further...
The M17 (T2 Grenade) Rifle Grenade appears in the following collections:
HOME
SMALL ARMS INDEX
SPECIAL FORCES
ARMS BY COUNTRY
ARMS MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE ARMS
ARMS BY CONFLICT
ARMS BY TYPE
ARMS BY DECADE
WWII SMALL ARMS
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)