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WORLD WAR 2

No. 73 AT (N73)


Anti-Tank Grenade (1940)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Developed as an anti-tank grenade, the No. 73 lived out her days as a useful demolition charge for engineering units of the British Army.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/15/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com; the following text is exclusive to this site.
The "Miracle at Dunkirk" in Northern France that saw many British and French lives saved under the threat of complete annihilation by the Germans and cost the Allies much in the way of war-making equipment including highly valuable anti-tank guns lost to the enemy in the hurried escape. This put a vast amount of political and manufacturing pressure on Britain who entered into a mode of self-preservation with the assumption being that the German war machine would soon enact plans for the take-over of England itself. As such, many projects were evolved to provide the most basic of weapons to the largest collection of users possible - from frontline military forces to the Home Guard and even civilian units for the final defense of the island nation.

To shore up the stock of the lost tank-killing guns, a lost-cost-yet-effective anti-tank solution was unveiled in the "No. 73 Grenade" - a thrown, cylindrical-shaped hand grenade capable of defeating up to 2" of armor - enough to destroy light-class enemy tanks and similar combat vehicles though at uncomfortably close ranges. Its size limited how many could be carried into battle and it also limited throwing ranges to just under 15 years or so depending on external factors. Regardless, the need was great and the No. 73 seemingly fit the bill.
Adoption of the weapon occurred during the latter part of 1940. Its general cylindrical shape quickly netted the product the nickname of "Thermos Bomb" or "Woolworth Bomb". An outcropping at the top was the safety cap which housed the detonating facilities of the grenade including its spring, needle, and safety bolt. The explosive filling (either Nitrogelatine or Polar Ammonal Gelatine Dynamite) made up the remainder of the cylinder. A detonator tube ran from the detonator to the filling. The grenade body was fabricated of tin with an inner wax paper wrapper. A stream of adhesive tape - used during the throwing/arming process - hung free along the side of the grenade and was held by the operator when hurling the grenade, the tape pulling the firing pin. Overall weight was a hefty 4.5lbs (considering other infantry equipment expected to be carried) with an overall length of 11 inches and a diameter measuring 3.5 inches. Actual detonation was through a simple impact process.

The No. 73 grenade held a very short service life during the war for it was given up (at least in its intended battlefield role) before the end of 1941. By this time, however, it was already found that the grenade could prove serviceable as a demolition charge for engineering units and was brought into use again for 1943. The grenade then ended its days as such and was formally retired from frontline use in the last year of the war - 1945. The anti-tank killing function during the course of the war fell to various other solutions in play - shoulder-fired rocket launchers, anti-tank rifles, landmines, self-propelled tank destroyers, and towed anti-tank guns.

Specifications



Service Year
1940

Origin
United Kingdom national flag graphic
United Kingdom

Classification


Anti-Tank Grenade


State Factories - UK
National flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.
Anti-Armor / Anti-Tank / Anti-Material
Designed to engage and defeat armor / enemy tanks at range.


Overall Length
280 mm
11.02 in
Barrel Length
280 mm
11.02 in
Empty Wgt
4.41 lb
2.00 kg
Sights


Not Applicable.


Action


Manually-Actuated; Impact Detonated

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


89mm

Rounds / Feed


Single-Use
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.


No. 73 - Base Series Designation
No. 73 Mk I - Production Model of 1940
N73 - Alternative Designation


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