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M120, 120mm Mortar


Towed Heavy Field Mortar (1991)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Image from General Dynamics marketing material.
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Image from General Dynamics marketing material.

Jump-to: Specifications

The American Army M120 mortar is nothing more than the proven Israeli Soltam K6 series.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/03/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The M120 Mortar System is the Israeli Soltam K6 120mm heavy field mortar in United States Army service. The weapon was adopted by American forces during 1991 and retains the same form and function as its Israeli counterpart. Due to its size and weight, the weapon is transported via the M1100 series trailer into action. Vehicle-mounted forms of the same weapon are known as the M121 and have appeared with Stryker IFV and M113 APC mortar carrier platforms. The M326 MSS (Mortar Stowage System) is another vehicle-mounted form, though designed with a quick-release function to allow the weapon to be settled on terrain in short order.

The M120 Mortar System constitutes the launch tube, optics, baseplate, and bipod support. 4.7" (120mm) projectiles are fed down the muzzle and impact upon an awaiting pin to actuate the projectile's launch process. A trained crew can fire up to sixteen rounds per minute with four rounds in sustained actions. Firing ranges reach out to 7,900 yards. The complete system weighs in at a hefty 320lbs - though rather lightweight for a "heavy" minded battlefield weapon. A typical operating crew is five personnel and the traditional mover vehicle is an M998 HUMVEE.

The M120 is cleared to fire various High-Explosive (HE) projectiles as well as illumination, precision, smoke, and practice rounds.

The Soltam K6 series is in service worldwide with key operators in Brazil, Egypt, Germany, Indonesia, Iraq, Mexico, Taiwan, and Turkey among others. The M120 is just one of several mortar forms deployed by the United States armed forces - each procured to achieve a specific battlefield role based on caliber and operating weight.

Specifications



Service Year
1991

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Classification


Towed Heavy Field Mortar


General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems - USA
National flag of Egypt National flag of the United States Egypt; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.


Empty Wgt
319.67 lb
145.00 kg
Sights


Integrated Optics.


Action


Smoothbore; Muzzle-Loading

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


120mm

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of an infantry mortar projectile / shell
Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot; Reusable
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
23,750 ft
(7,239 m | 7,917 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
16
rds/min


M120 - Base Series Designation; towed with the M1100 trailer series; M298 launch tube.
M121 - Vehicle variant for M1064A3 (M113 APC) self-propelled mortar carrier; M298 launch tube.
M326 MSS (Mortar Stowage System) - Vehicle-mounted version with quick-release function for ground use; ordered in 2007 with manufacture by BAe Systems.


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