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NORINCO HJ-8 (Hongjian-8) (Red Arrow-8)


Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) (1985)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Image released to the Public Domain by Wikipedia user KIZILSUNGUR.

Jump-to: Specifications

Despite its Cold War roots, the Chinese HJ-8 is still a force on the modern battlefield.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/08/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
With design work initially begun during the early part of the 1970s, the arrival of the indigenous Chinese HJ-8 Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) weapon was delayed by events of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). This then led to a delayed adoption of the capable battlefield weapon until 1985 to which manufacture has since been managed by the NORINCO complex in China. The weapon has also been taken on in local (licensed) production by the Pakistani military as the "Baktar-Shikan". Despite its Cold War roots, the HJ-8 remains a potent tank-killer today.

Long reliant on Soviet imports regarding military goods, there proved a shift in the 1960s and 1970s in China to develop its own military-industrial complex. This spawned a slew of localized products - some good some bad - that has, over the decades, made for a more independent Chinese military. The HJ-8 is, in many ways, a product of this period and its thinking.

The HJ-8 is detailed as a "second-generation" ATGM system. It is designed to confront enemy armor at range, usually from cover, and can even penetrate protection offered by modern use of Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks. The weapon is a complete system consisting of a launch tube, missile, optics kit and mounting assembly. While it can be fired from a standard heavy-duty tripod, it can also be affixed to military vehicles as well as aircraft to be used in the same armor-defeating role as intended. A typical operating crew is two personnel.

The tube fires a solid-fuel rocket that sports a lengthened penetrator on the warhead cone and four stabilizing fins. Operational ranges reach out to 19,600 feet (approximately 6 kilometers) in extreme-range cases and guidance comes in the form of operator-induced signals sent via a wire attached from the launched rocket to the launcher itself. As such, the weapon remains a "Line-Of-Sight" (LOS) anti-tank measure limited in range by the length of wire. Many LOS ATGM systems today (2014) have been succeeded by more potent "fire-and-forget" solutions. The HJ-8 missile itself weighs some 25 kilograms and features a length of 1,566mm with a diameter measuring 120mm. Speeds reach up to 721 feet-per-second.

The HJ-8 originated in its early production mark under the base "HJ-8" designation. This was followed by the improved HJ-8A with extended range and penetration values. The HJ-8B serves as a helicopter-launched form while the HJ-8C is intended to counter ERA use on modern Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) and similarly armored vehicles. The HJ-8D features a tandem warhead charge for improved penetration and the HJ-8E features an all-new motor system with extended engagement ranges. The HJ-8Fis a "bunker-buster" derivative and the related HF-8FAE is given a thermobaric warhead. The HJ-8L is a lightened model and the HJ-8H is a modernized HJ-8E form. The HJ-8S variant is intended for the anti-ship role.

Operators of the HJ-8 system (beyond China and Pakistan) includes Albania, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Ecuador, Kenya, Malaysia, Morocco, Peru, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, the UAE, Uruguay and Zimbabwe. Bosnia forces utilized the HJ-8 in combat during the Bosnian War (1992-1995) and Syrian rebel groups are actively fielding the HJ-8 as a potent tank-killer against Syrian government armor in the ongoing Syrian Civil War (2011-?).

Specifications



Service Year
1985

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Classification


Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)


NORINCO - China / Kahuta Research Laboratories - Pakistan
National flag of Albania National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Bolivia National flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina National flag of China National flag of Ecuador National flag of Egypt National flag of Iraq National flag of Malaysia National flag of Morocco National flag of Pakistan National flag of Peru National flag of Sri Lanka National flag of Sudan National flag of Syria National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of Uruguay National flag of Zimbabwe Albania; Bangladesh; Bolivia; Bosnia and Herzegovina; China; Egypt; Ecuador; Iraq; Kenya; Malaysia; Morocco; Pakistan; Peru; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Syria; United Arab Emirates; Uruguay; Zimbabwe
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Anti-Armor / Anti-Tank / Anti-Material
Designed to engage and defeat armor / enemy tanks at range.


Overall Length
1,566 mm
61.65 in
Barrel Length
1,566 mm
61.65 in
Empty Wgt
55.12 lb
25.00 kg
Sights


Included Optics (SACLOS).


Action


SACLOS Wire-Guided; Solid-Fuel Rocket

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


120mm

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of an Anti-Tank Guided-Missile (ATGM)
Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot; Reusable Tube
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
14,760 ft
(4,499 m | 4,920 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
720 ft/sec
(219 m/sec)


HJ-8 - Base Series Designation; original production mark.
HJ-8A - Upgraded model with increased range and penetration.
HJ-8B - Helicopter-launched variant
HJ-8C - ERA-counter model
HJ-8D - Modernized form with tandem charge warhead
HJ-8E - Modernized HJ-8B and HJ-8C models; increased range.
HJ-8F - "Bunker-Buster" Model
HJ-8FAE - Thermobaric warhead
HJ-8L - Lighter-weight model
HJ-8H - Modernized HJ-8E models
HJ-8S - Anti-Ship variant
Baktar-Shikan - Pakistani Army locally-produced variant.


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