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NORINCO Type 85


Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine (1985)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Right side profile view of the Chinese Type 85 submachine gun

Jump-to: Specifications

The Type 85 submachine gun is still in use with Chinese police and PLA forces.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/15/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Chinese Type 85 submachine gun appeared in two forms in the 1980s as a budget-conscious replacement for the Type 79 submachine gun and the Type 64 silenced submachine gun. The base submachine gun featured a blowback mechanism firing from an open bolt arrangement, a steel folding stock and the option to fire single round mode or full automatic.

The silenced version of the Type 85 features a steel silencer and fires the subsonic 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge though the 7.62x25mm Type 51 / TT cartridge is still available to this type of weapon at the expense of stealth.

Both versions feature the folding stock and a 30-round detachable box magazine.

Specifications



Service Year
1985

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Classification


Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine


China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)


Overall Length
628 mm
24.72 in
Empty Wgt
4.19 lb
1.90 kg


Action


Open Bolt; Blowback

Blowback Operation
Gas pressure from the rearward movement of the ignited cartridge case provides the needed bolt movement, ejecting the spent case and stripping a fresh case from the magazine.
Open Bolt
System utilizes internal mechanism where bolt and associated working components are set to the rear of the receiver with no cartridge chambered; trigger actuation moves bolt forward, chambers cartridge, and fires bullet in single action - ultimately resetting during the complete cycle by way of the generated energy.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


7.62x25mm Type 51 / TT

Rounds / Feed


30-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Rate-of-Fire
780
rds/min


Type 85 - Base Submachine Gun
Type 85 (Silenced) - Base Submachine Gun with steel silencer; 2.5kg empty weight; 869mm length with open stock; 800 rounds per minute; 100-150m effective range; 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge.


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