Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024)

Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Rifle Model 1890 (Turkish Mauser)

Bolt-Action Military Service Rifle [ 1890 ]

The Turkish Model 1890 service rifle was nothing more than the German Mauser Model 1887 by way of the Belgian Mauser Model 1889.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/24/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

In 1890, Turkish authorities ordered stocks of Mauser-based bolt-action rifles as the "Rifle Model 1890" ("Turkish Mauser") which eventually numbered some 280,000 in all. These were based on the popular German Mauser Model of 1887 which, for Europe, had run its course due to the arrival of smokeless powder ammunition. Nevertheless, the Ottoman Empire required a serviceable rifle and the Model 1887 fit the bill through its proven nature and sheer availability. The Turks adopted the rifle in a 7.65x53mm Turkish Mauser cartridge chambering.

Despite their Mauser Model 1887 origins, these rifles were, in fact, more closely associated with the Belgian Mauser Model of 1889 sans the rather damaging barrel jacket (a heavier barrel was used on the Turkish guns instead). A hold-open device was added at the magazine to indicate "last-round" feeding and a call for a cut-off device was issued, this added to the right side of the receiver near the operator's thumb for easy access. Despite the changes, the rifle was still, more or less, the German Mauser at its core. Indeed, many bolt-action rifles of the period owe their action to the excellent Mauser pedigree.

A full-length wooden stock was used that incorporated the forend, grip handle and shoulder stock. The barrel and important metal working components were all inlaid in the wood body that featured a single barrel band at the midway point of the barrel and forend. The bolt handle featured the usual ball-knob for easy gripping. The trigger was integrated along the rear face of the protruding box magazine seated just under the action. Adjustable sights were located ahead of the action and this coupled to a fixed forward post for ranged fire. Sling loops, one at the barrel band and the other at the stock, allowed for a sling to be used for ease-of-transport.

Turkish military regiments carried this service rifle into World War 1 (1914-1918) under the flag of the Ottoman Empire. During the Mesopotamia and Gallipoli campaigns, they saw extensive action against the Allies and large stocks were eventually captured by the enemy. This allowed the weapons to be reconstituted back into service by the Allies for they conveniently utilized the same 7.65mm cartridge as their Belgian Mauser counterparts. Some other modifications were made to the Turkish design to bring them more in line with European army service standards though, rather interestingly, some of the Turkish markings were left on these now-modified rifles.

Despite the fall of the Ottoman Empire following World War 1, the rifle remained in quantitative circulation throughout Turkish ranks into the inter-war years. In the 1930s, a program was launched to bring some of the Model 1890 rifles to support the 8x57mm cartridge though these eventually numbered few. Availability of Model 1890 rifles, as a whole, ensured their use in World War 2 (1939-1945). However, as more and more American-made equipment permeated Europe and Allied nations, the Rifle Model 1890 seems to have faded into firearms history only to become a rather rare collector's item today - particularly in its original Turkish form.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Turkey national flag graphic


Bolt-Action Military Service Rifle

Waffenfabrik Mauser AG - Imperial Germany
(View other Arms-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Turkey Turkey
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)

Overall Length
1,235 mm
48.62 in
Barrel Length
740 mm
29.13 in
Empty Wgt
9.04 lb
4.10 kg

Adjsutable Rear; Front Iron


Manually-Actuated Bolt-Action

Manually-actuated process of managing the bolt lever to eject spent cartridge case, clearing the breech, to introduce fresh catridge into the chamber.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


7.65x53mm Turkish Mauser; 8x57mm

Sample Visuals**

Graphical image of a 7.92mm Mauser rifle cartridge
Rounds / Feed

5-round internal box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.

Rifle Model 1890 - Base Series Designation; 280,000 produced.
Turkish Mauser - Alternative Name

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)