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Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle [ 1966 ]

The MAS FR F1 served as a principle sniper rifle for the French Army during the Cold War decades.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/14/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Until the arrival of the improved FR F2 sniper rifle of 1984, the French Army stocked its sharpshooting ranks with the original FR F1, a no-nonsense, no-frills bolt-action sniper weapon. The type was adopted in 1966 and produced until 1980, seeing service with the French Army and select units of Mauritania. The French Foreign Legion were one of the notable French operators of this weapon system.

The FR F1 initially appeared in a form chambered for the 7.5x54 French cartridge which was a further evolution of the 7.5x57mm MAS mod 1924 design. The 7.5x54 went on to see combat action in World War 2 (1939-1945) when it was used in the MAS 36 rifle series and several other designs (in fact, the FR F1 utilizes a related MAS 36-type action itself). Later in its service life, the FR F1 was re-chambered to use the 7.62x51mm NATO standard cartridge when world events dictated such a change. The cartridge was coupled to a free-floating barrel assembly which provided the needed precision. A free-floating barrel ensured that no part of the barrel's run was interfered with by the stock, of which its condition was variable depending on external factors. In the FR F1, the barrel is attached directly to the receiver.

The rifle's general design included a wooden stock with integrated pistol grip and wooden forend (of note is that the pistol grip is something of a rarity with bolt-action sniper rifles). The receiver and barrel were all metal in their finish. A cheekpad was fitted over the stock for comfort as was a pad at the butt. The trigger group was held under the receiver in the usual way. The bolt-handle sat over the right side of the weapon as did the ejection port for spent shell cartridges. The receiver was designed to accept telescopic sights with the standard French fitting being the padded APX L806. Ammunition was fed through a 10-round spring-loaded detachable box magazine fitted into a well under the receiver and ahead of the trigger group. At the receiver end of the forend there lay a hinged bipod support which collapsed up and forwards against the length of the forend and slightly beyond. The barrel was capped by a slotted muzzle brake. All told, the design was clean, robust and proven as highly effective in the field.

Overall weight was 5.3 kilograms with a running length of 1,200mm and a barrel measuring 650mm long. Muzzle velocity was rated at 2,560 feet per second with an effective range out to 800 meters.

As mentioned, the FR F1 series rifles have since been replaced in French Army service by the more modern FR F2 line.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

France national flag graphic


Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle

Manufacture d'Armes St. Etienne (MAS) / GIAT Industries / NEXTER - France
(View other Arms-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of France France; Mauritania
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Accuracy / Precision
Long-range accuracy / precision capable; suitable for sniping, particularly when equipped with sighting aids.

Overall Length
1,200 mm
47.24 in
Barrel Length
650 mm
25.59 in
Empty Wgt
11.68 lb
5.30 kg

Telescopic Sight


Manuallly-Operated Bolt-Action

Manually-actuated process of managing the bolt lever to eject spent cartridge case, clearing the breech, to introduce fresh catridge into the chamber.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


7.5x54mm French; 7.62x51mm NATO

Sample Visuals**

Graphical image of a 7.62x51mm / .308 Winchester rifle cartridge
Rounds / Feed

10-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
2,630 ft
(802 m | 877 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
2,560 ft/sec
(780 m/sec)

FR F1 - Base Series Designation

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