Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Chart (2023) Military Ranks
Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Lanciafiamme Spalleggiato Modello 1935

Man-Portable Flamethrower [ 1935 ]

The Italian Army joined its contemporaries by fielding a battlefield flamethrower through their Modello 1935 series.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/02/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Italians joined the Germans, Americans, Soviets and British in deploying flamethrowers in World War 2. The Italian Army adopted the Lanciafiamme Spalleggiato Modello 1935 (Mod. 35), appropriately, in 1935 and accepted a conventional design featuring two cylindrical tanks, each tank divided internally to contain stores for the requisite nitrogen propellant and fuel reservoir. The tanks were combined by a hose running to a projector lance held with both hands by the operator. Ignition of these early-form systems was by way of flint, which ultimately proved unreliable in action. Ignition was made at the projector piece. Italian backpack flamethrowers were issued to crews of two due to their weight and cumbersome nature.

The Modello 1935 flamethrower came in at a manageable empty weight of 29lbs though this figure jumped to 56lbs when fully fueled. The overall size of the unit also precluded use of any other primary weapon for the operator, leaving them to rely on pistols (if available) and bayonets for self-defense. It was good practice to field flamethrower units with general infantry for their own protection as a a result. Direct hits to the tanks with incendiary rounds could lead to the operator (and all those near him) becoming possibly engulfed in flames. However, the pressurized tanks struck with standard rounds nearly propelled the operator in a direction against his will. Undoubtedly, flamethrower units were valuable targets to sniper elements on the other side of the battlefield.©MilitaryFactory.com
The Modello 35 held a fuel reserve of 29 liters which allowed for up to 30 one-second bursts of fire or a continuous burst running 20 seconds. Maximum listed range was out to 27 feet though this was variable and influenced by environmental conditions to an extent. The flame stream could be directed at a line-of-side target/target area or arched onto embedded enemy units under cover. The fluid nature of the flame composition meant that the spreading spray had a disastrous effect against enemy forces holed up in fortified structures such as pillboxes. Wooden structures could be taken over in minutes under fire.

Flamethrowers held their value is flushing out determined foes. As such, they were used as both a physical tool to maim and kill and as a terrible psychological weapon. This proved the norm in the American advance across the Pacific against the fanatical Japanese. For the Italians, their flamethrower was in play during the Second Italian-Abyssinian War (1935-1941) where the systems were used on a wide scale. By 1940, some 1,500 units were in circulation as the standard Italian Army flamethrower. Units were sold to the Finnish Army in their war against the Soviets while Italian units along the Eastern Front also fielded the weapon against Soviet forces. Italian flamethrowers were also shipped to North Africa for the Italian involvement there.

In 1940, there appeared a slightly reworked version of the Modello 1935 utilizing a more reliable electrical ignition system. These were aptly designated as "Modello 1940".©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Kingdom of Italy national flag graphic
Kingdom of Italy


Man-Portable Flamethrower

National flag of Finland National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy Finland; Kingdom of Italy
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)

Empty Wgt
57.32 lb
26.00 kg

Not Applicable


Flint Ignition (early); Nitrogen Propellant

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Not Applicable

Rounds / Feed

25 to 30 bursts; 20-second constant stream
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
27 ft
(8 m | 9 yd)

Modello 1935 - Original Production Models featuring flint ignition system.
Modello 1940 - Electrical Ignition System
Liekinheitin M/40 - Finnish Army Designation; at least 16 units received from Italy.

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Image of the Lanciafiamme Spalleggiato Modello 1935
Image from the Public Domain.


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2023 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons.

View day-by-day actions of the American Civil War with CivilWarTimeline.net. View day-by-day actions of World War II with SecondWorldWarHistory.com.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)