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SRCM Hand Grenade Model 1935 / 1938


Fragmentation Infantry Hand Grenade (1935)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

The SRCM Hand Grenade Model 1935 hand grenade was in service with Italian Army troops throughout World War 2.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/13/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Italian Army of World War 2 utilized three primary hand grenade series all under the designation of "Model 1935" - the types produced by SRCM, OTO and Breda. Each was further developed into three distinct forms covering live-action High-Explosive (HE), live-action small charge and an inert variant used for training. HE marks had their bodies coated in an all-red finish while small charge versions were given a red band to signify their difference. Training grenades were finished in all-black. Smoke versions of all three grenade types existed as well. The red-coated HE grenades were known to British forces as "Red Devils".

In 1935, the Italian Army adopted the Societa Romana Construczioni Meccaniche (SRCM) Bomba a Mano ("Hand Bomb") fragmentation hand grenade Model of 1935 for standard issue to infantry. The type weighed 200 grams with a 40 gram internal filling and an overall length of 79mm. Diameter of each grenade was 63.5mm. The Model 1935 was designed around a sheet metal casing shrouding an internal aluminum cylinder, the outer casing fabricated as two halves and then joined together at a seam via screws. Internally, the Model 1935 sported a typical TNT filling. A safety cap was set atop the grenade and covered a portion of the side as well. In action, the infantryman pulled a rubber tab and threw the grenade against the desired target area. During flight, a safety catch fell away from the grenade body and removed a safety bar which freed an internal shutter designed to recognize a "throw" impact from an accidental drop. At impact, the striker fired upon the detonator which led to the required explosion, metal shreds being sent about a blast radius of approximately 12 meters.

Such grenades proved useful in engaging embedded enemy infantry, particularly those holed up in fortifications such as pillboxes or homes/buildings or those elements taking cover in foxholes or at machine gun nests. The SRCM became the more reliable of the three Italian hand grenades featured in the war despite their being more complicated to use and produce and their inherently smaller blast radii. It proved serviceable enough to be used by the German Army under the designation of "Handgranate 328(i)" ("i" signifying their Italian origin). An improved form of the Italian Model 35 was realized in 1938 as the "Model 1938".

The SRCM Model 1935 was used throughout the North Africa campaign with Italian forces, primarily against British and Commonwealth elements. Production of type ranged through to the Italian surrender of September 1943 and the end of the war in May of 1945. It continued production in the post-war years for the Italian service thereafter.

Specifications



Service Year
1935

Origin
Kingdom of Italy national flag graphic
Kingdom of Italy

Classification


Fragmentation Infantry Hand Grenade


Societa Romana Construczioni Meccaniche (SRCM) - Italy
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Italy; Nazi Germany
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.


Overall Length
79 mm
3.11 in
Barrel Length
79 mm
3.11 in
Empty Wgt
0.44 lb
0.20 kg
Sights


Not Applicable


Action


Striker-Actuated; Fragmentation Detonation

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


Not Applicable

Rounds / Feed


Single Use
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Rate-of-Fire
1
rds/min


Model 1935 - Base Series Designation
Model 1938 - Improved Model 1935
Handgranate 328(i) - German Army designation of Model 35/38.


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