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MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40)


Submachine Gun (SMG)


Nazi Germany | 1940



"The German MP40 Submachine Gun was a refined version of the revolutionary MP38 model intended for mass production."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/21/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
As the original German Army MP38 submachine gun series proving a success, it was also too expensive for war time production. As such, the MP40 was offered up as a slightly reworked design featuring more in the way of welded steel construction and pressed components. Modifications to the internal components were also made that attempted to decrease the number of jamming incidences being reported with operational use of the original MP38.

With these changes in hand, the MP40 became the definitive submachine gun for the German Army in the latter stages of World War 2. The weapon continued the revolutionary thinking behind the original German submachine gun approach including its folding stock and long magazine that doubled as the forward grip. The relatively compact size of the gun proved ideal for forces on the march, in particular, the German mechanized forces on all fronts. Its use, however, was not restricted as such for the submachine gun could stock the inventories of special operatives and logistical, second-line personnel as well.

Various attempts to produce specialized versions of the MP40 were made though few of these developments actually saw large-scale production. A dual-magazine version (MP40/II) did enter limited manufacture but did not see extensive action. A wooden butt version also existed as the MP41. The MP40, as success dictated, would go on to see service on a global scale after the war, a testament to its sound design and manufacturing. Some may even be encountered in operational service in far off places on the globe. Axis-aligned forces benefitted from the relationship by receiving stocks of MP40 submachine guns during World War 2 and many German victim-nations also took up the type in the post-war years.

Manufacturers of the Maschinenpistole 40 (MP40) submachine gun included Erfurter Maschinenfabrik B. Geipel GmbH, C.G. C.G. Haenel Waffen - und Fahrradfabrik AG and Osterreichische Waffenfabrik-Gesellschaft.

Features specific to the MP38/40 series (long magazine/foregrip, simple production measures and folding metal stock) went on to be utilized in foreign developments during the war, principally the American M3 Grease Gun and the Soviet PPS-43.

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Physical
The physical qualities of the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
833 mm
32.80 in
O/A Length
630 mm
24.80 in
Barrel Length
8.82 lb
4.00 kg
Weight
Blowback; Full-Automatic Only
Action
9x19mm Parabellum
Caliber(s)
32-round detachable box magazine
Feed
Flip-Up Rear Notch; Hood Front Blade.
Sights
Performance
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
250 ft
76.2 m | 83.3 yds
Max.Eff.Range
500
Rounds-Per-Minute
Rate-of-Fire
1,250 ft/sec
381 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40) Submachine Gun (SMG) family line.
MP40 - Base Series Designation
MP40/I - Initial production models
MP40/II - Twin-magazine development appearing in 1942; revised receiver; limited production and use.
MP41 - Internals of the MP40 mated to the receiver of the MP28 submachine gun.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): Erfurter Maschinenfabrik B. Geipel GmbH / C.G. Haenel GmbH (among others) - Germany
National flag of Austria National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Denmark National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Greece National flag of Hungary National flag of Indonesia National flag of Malaysia National flag of the Netherlands National flag of Norway National flag of the Philippines National flag of Poland National flag of Romania National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Spain National flag of the United States National flag of Vietnam National flag of Yugoslavia

[ Austria; Bulgaria; Denmark; Finland; Greece; Indonesia; Hungary; Malaysia; Netherlands; Nazi Germany; Norway; Romania; Philippines; Poland; Spain; United States; West Germany; Yugoslavia; North Vietnam; Soviet Union ]
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Image of the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40)
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Image of the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40)
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Image of the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40)
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Image of the MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40)

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The MP40 (Maschinenpistole 40) Submachine Gun (SMG) appears in the following collections:
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