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Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 75 (CZ75 / Phantom)

Semi-Automatic Service Pistol [ 1976 ]

The Czech CZ 75 semi-automatic pistol proved a success, seeing over 1 million of its type produced since 1976.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/18/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The CZ75, as its designation suggests, was designed and introduced in 1975 and entered serial production in 1976 - seeing constant manufacture ever since with over 1,000,000 units being delivered to date. The pistol was quickly adopted by foreign police and military agencies for its sound accuracy and reliable performance under the harshest of conditions. Production was even expanded upon through local-licenses in foreign lands, variants developed that were directly influenced by the original excellent Czech design and those overseas elements bent on outright copies of the illegal kind.

The CZ75 emerged as a commercial venture intended for export, hence the selection of the 9x19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge favored by the West. While manufactured in modern-day Czech Republic, the reader must understand that the nation existed as a unified Czechoslovakia prior to and after the German occupation of the country in World War 2. Following its "liberation" and subsequent occupation by the Soviet Union at the end of World War 2, Czechoslovakia became a full communist state in 1948. As such, politics and military fronts were heavily influenced by its communist overseers. With this in mind, it is interesting to note the CZ75's target market essentially being the rest of the world.

Design of the CZ75 pistol was attributed to brothers Josef and Frantisek Koucky while manufacture came under the Ceska Zbrojovka (CZ) brand label. Outwardly, it was a very conventional-appearing pistol for the time, sporting clean, firm lines with a padded grip, large trigger ring suitable for a gloved hand and slide running the length of the weapon. Controls were within easy reach of the primary hand and sights consisted of a front blade mated to a rear square notch. The hammer protruded from the rear of the frame in the usual way and a spur overhung the grip for better support. Overall weight of original models was under 2.5lbs with a running length of 8 inches, the barrel measuring 4.7 inches. Internally, the CZ75 managed a manual safety configuration similar to that of the storied Browning Hi-Power. The arrangement made it possible for the operator to carry a ready-to-fire handgun (cartridge being chambered) in relatively safety. The CZ75 made use of the widely-accepted 9x19mm Parabellum (German) pistol cartridge through a short-recoil, tilting barrel action. The action allowed for semi-automatic fire and provided performance consistent with other modern handguns of the time. As designed, the handgun fired from a 15-round, dual-column, staggered metal magazine inserted through the base of the grip. The handgun then went on to be released in 9x21mm IMI (Israeli) and .40 S&W (American) chambered forms.

The original CZ75 batches were recognized under the simple "CZ75" designation while a later batch production effort was added under the same name and completed with lengthened slide rails. The CZ75B was the second major production model incorporating an internally-housed safety for the firing pin and a stainless steel version followed. The CZ75B "Omega" was a special offshoot with additional availability in .40 S7W chamberings to broaden market appeal. These models also had slightly modified trigger groups. The CZ75B "SA" offered a single-action (SA) trigger group and was available in both 9x19mm Parabellum and .40 S&W chamberings. The CZ75 "Compact" was a more portable version of the base CZ75 handgun featuring a shortened pistol grip and shortened barrel assembly and slide. A version chambered in .40 S&W eventually appeared. The CZ75 "Semi-Compact" attempted to bring about the best of both worlds, retaining some of the form and function of the original CZ75 model with the benefits of compactness in the smaller CZ75 offerings. The barrel and slide components were both borrowed from the Compact model while the overall frame and grip were pulled from the original CZ75. The CZ75 "PCR Compact" was an ultra-compact version of the CZ75. The handgun line was also joined by special sporting types for competition shooting. ©MilitaryFactory.com
A select-fire (semi- and full-automatic) variant debuted in 1992 with a slotted muzzle compensator and an accessories "well" under the frame (just ahead of the trigger ring). The well could handle an extra magazine (inserted upside down) for use as a forward vertical handgrip required to counter muzzle climb. The well also doubled as a mounting point for a laser aimer or similar accessorie. Typical magazines were of 25-round count with a rate-of-fire of 1,000 rounds-per-minute reported. At least two versions of the design were to be encountered: the original following much of the same lines as the base CZ75 semi-automatic pistol with a variant fitting a longer barrel assembly and slide extension.

The CZ85 was debuted in 1985 as a fully-modernized form of the original CZ75. The model differed primarily in its ambidextrous handling. The CZ85B incorporated a firing pin block while the CZ85BD brought about use of a decocking lever. The CZ85 "Compact", as its name suggests, was a more compact form with concealment in mind and chambered for the American .40 S7W cartridge. Rail support under the forward frame allowed use of tactical accessories. The CZ85 "Combat" was a military-minded model sans firing pin safety but with revised controls and an adjustable rear sighting device.

Several law enforcement- and military-minded variants appeared under the main "CZ75 P/SP" designation beginning in 1999, each noted by a special series number in the designation (01, 06, 07, etc).

The CZ75 (and her related kinds) have gone on to see widespread service with forces all over the world beyond Czechoslovakia/the Czech Republic. Operators have included Georgia (military), Kazakhstan (police, special police), Lithuania (military), Poland (police), Russia (police), Slovakia (special forces, military and police), Thailand (special forces), Turkey (police) and the United States (police, Delta Force). Due to illegal, unlicensed copies floating about, official operators are more numerous than then listed.

Popular foreign off-shoots of the CZ75 design include the American Springfield P9 and the Italian Tanfoglio T-series.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Czechoslovakia national flag graphic


Semi-Automatic Service Pistol

Ceska Zbrojovka - Czechoslovakia / Czech Republic
(View other Arms-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Chile National flag of China National flag of Czechia National flag of Greece National flag of Iraq National flag of Israel National flag of Italy National flag of Lithuania National flag of North Korea National flag of the Philippines National flag of Poland National flag of Russia National flag of Slovakia National flag of Sudan National flag of Switzerland National flag of Turkey National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States China; Chile; Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic; Greece; Iraq; Italy; Israel; Lithuania; North Korea; Philippines; Poland; Russia; Slovakia; Sudan; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Pistol / Sidearm
Compact design for close-quarters work or general self-defense.

Overall Length
184 mm
7.24 in
Barrel Length
98 mm
3.86 in
Empty Wgt
1.70 lb
0.77 kg

Rear Square Notch; Front Blade Post


Semi-Automatic; Short Recoil

One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moved bolt.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


9x19mm Parabellum; 9x21mm; .40 S&W

Sample Visuals**

Graphical image of a 9mm pistol cartridge
Graphical image of a .40 S&W (Smith & Wesson) pistol cartridge
Rounds / Feed

12- to 20-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
164 ft
(50 m | 55 yd)

CZ 75 (Early) - Original Production Models
CZ 75 (Late) - Follow-up production models related to original systems; lengthened slide rails.
CZ 75B - Second major production model; internal firing safety device; squared off trigger ring.
CZ 75B Omega - Revised trigger group 9x19mm or .40 S&W chambered forms
CZ 75 Compact - Compact version of CZ75; 9x19mm and .40 S&W chambering
CZ 75 SemiCompact - Hybrid full-size/compact variant
CZ 75 PCR Compact - Ultra-compact variant
CZ 75B SA - Single-Action Trigger Group
CZ 75 P-01 - Law enforcement/military model
CZ 75 P-07 DUTY - Law enforcement/military model
CZ 75 SP-01 Tactical - Law enforcement/military model; aluminum alloy frame construction; accessory support under forward frame; decoking lever.
CZ 75 SP-01 Shadow - Law enforcement/military model; sans firing pin block
CZ 75 SP-01 Phantom - Law enforcement/military model; polymer frame; accessories rail.
CZ 75 Standard IPSC - Competition shooter; single-action trigger group
CZ 75 Tactical Sports - Sport shooting model; 9x19mm or .40 S&W chambering
CZ 75 Champion - Competition shooter
CZ 75 TS Czechmate - Competition shooter
CZ 2075 RAMI - Subcompact variant; 9x19mm or .40 S&W chambering
CZ 75BD - Based on CZ75B though with decocker
CZ 85 - Modernized CZ75; ambidextrous controls
CZ 85B - CZ85 with firing pin blocker
CZ 85BD - CZ85B model sans safety though with decocking lever
CZ 85 Compact - Compact version of CZ85; .40 S&W chambering
VZ 75 Kadet - .22 LR chambered model
CZ 75 AUTOMATIC - Select-fire variant; two versions marketed
FAMAE FN-750 - Chilean Model
NORINCO NZ-75 - Chinese Model
CZ-Strakonice CZ-TT - Alternative Czech Model
Renato Gamba G90 - Italian Model
Tanfoglio TZ-75 - Italian Model
Tanfoglio T-90- Italian Model
Tanfoglio T-95- Italian Model
IMI Jericho 941- Israeli Model
Magnum Research Baby Eagle - Israeli Model
BUL Cherokee - Israeli Model
Baek Du San - North Korean copy
Armscor MAP1 - Philippine Model
Armscor MAPP1 - Philippine Model
MIC Marra - Sudanese Model
MIC Lado - Sudanese Model
Sphinx Systems Sphinx 2000 - Swiss Model
Sphinx Systems Sphinx 3000 - Swiss Model
ITM AT-84 - Swiss Model
ITM AT-88 - Swiss Model
Canik55 Piranha - Turkish Model
Canik55 Shark - Turkish Model
Sarsilmaz M2000 - Turkish Model
JSL Ltd Spitfire - British Model
ArmaLiteAR-24 - American Model
Dornaus and Dixon Bren Ten - American Model
EAA Witness Elite Gold - American Model
Springfield P9 - American Model
Vltor Bren Ten - American Model

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