Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Colt Walker

Six-Shot Revolver

United States | 1847

"The massive and powerful Colt Walker was originally designated a pistol by the US Army Ordnance Department for its personnel had never come across a revolver before then."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/26/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Captain Samuel Hamilton Walker (1817-1847) served as a Texas Ranger and within the US military through the violent wars in the American West against native Indians and he would later go on to serve in the Mexican-American War until his death in battle. Walker visited fabled gunsmith Samuel Colt in New York, bringing with him plans for a new revolver based on the Colt Paterson - to which he had familiarity with and a hand in its original design through a partnership with Colt. The Colt Paterson was in circulation since 1836, becoming the first commercially-available repeating revolver that showcased a multi-shot cylinder and it proved a general success mainly in Western affairs. Colt patented this design in February of 1836 and the namesake for the revolver was taken from its place of production - Paterson, New Jersey. One of the unique design elements of the Paterson was its folding trigger unit which sprung out after actuation of the hammer. Mr. Walker served the Colt concern well and proved instrumental in securing US government contracts at a time when Colt was facing bankruptcy. Samuel Colt honored Walker's request for a more powerful repeating revolver and began work on what would become the mythical "Colt Walker". All told, the Walker was to be the most powerful revolver of its time with manstopping qualities akin to that of an infantry rifle. With a more powerful gun, mounted personnel could now counter both enemy personnel and their mounts alike, firing a large bullet in a form that was more compact than a rifle.

Outwardly, the Colt Walker was a beautifully crafted revolver. Conventional in its design and layout, the Walker showcased the smooth and clean lines of the Paterson before it and was consistent with other Colt revolvers up to this point. Key exceptions with the Walker were its 6-shot cylinder (as opposed to the well-established five-round series) and static trigger system. The Walker was a massive firearm, measuring over 15.5 inches in length with a 9-inch barrel, the revolver collectively weighing in at 4.5lbs. The weapon was chambered for six large .44 ball bullets (.45 was also supported) and the firing operation was of single-action, requiring manual cocking of the hammer for each shot. The cylinder rotated with each hammer action allowing for repeating fire until all chambers had been cleared. The ball ammunition was loaded with black powder and ignited by percussion caps manually placed on each chamber rear along the cylinder. The powder charge (60 grains) was fed into each chamber (from the front) from a tear-drop style flask carried by the operator. Each chamber then was fed a ball with the cylinder being manually rotated by the user. There was a loading lever set under the barrel and hinged to fold downwards. The folding action create a "ramrod" style effect in which an attached arm pushed the chamber contents to the extreme rear near the percussion cap. The receiver of the gun had an open frame meaning there was no support across the top of the cylinder - this seen in later upcoming revolver types, Remingtons being quite famous for the design element. The hammer spur was clearly visible at the rear and the wooden-covered pistol grip was ergonomically finished for a firm hand hold. The thin trigger assembly was held within a wire-type trigger ring. Despite its size, the Walker was designed for use from a holster.

The Colt Walker was introduced in 1847. Unfortunately for Captain Walker, he suffered a fatal wound in battle that same year but was the recipient of two of these sidearms prior to his death. Colt netted a government contract and enlisted the help of Eli Whitney, Jr and his Whitneyville, Connecticut facility for the assignment. In all, some 1,100 Colt Walkers were produced with 100 or so of these being specialized forms for the civilian market. Production lasted only through 1847 however.

Article Continues Below Advertisement...
In practice, the Colt Walker did not disappoint on the whole. She was a handful of power with stopping qualities out to 100 yards - comparable to that of then-modern rifles. The ball ammunition could cause maximum damage at range but was truly ruthless in close-in fighting. A cavalryman could open fire with his Walker at distance and, once out of ammunition, could close in with his sabre for the final death blow - hopefully against retreating forces. The firing action was, as expected, rather violent in nature and with a heavy recoil. The recoil proved violent enough in some actions that the loading lever was lowered unexpectedly, such was its force. This led to many in-the-field remedies to rectify the issue. Compared to other sidearms of the day, the Colt Walker was a very heavy handgun and its large dimensions made for some issues when quick handling from a holster was in order, particularly when on horseback - the user needed to clear over 15 inches of gun from his holster before aiming and firing. Additionally, early construction was such that the cylinder held a nasty habit of rupturing when deposits of gunpowder unknowingly remained near the firing chamber openings along the front of the cylinder. To counter this issue, Colt suggested a 50 grain load instead of the listed 60 and repaired any damaged Walker units - about 30% were returned with this damage.

The Colt Walker led a legendary existence despite the rather modest production numbers. Few firearms matched the stopping capabilities of the gun at the time and it was not until the arrival of the famed .357 Magnum in America that the Colt Walker was "truly" unseated from its throne. Due to its uniqueness in the field of firearms and its scarcity in original availability, the Colt Walker is a favorite among collectors today. Its popularity is such that modern firearms manufacturers have taken to production of replicas for the civilian market.

The limitations of the Colt Walker led to the development of the Colt Dragoon model of 1848. It featured smaller dimensions, a revised loading lever and different metal construction. The US government alone would go on to order 8,000 of this very popular Colt product. The Dragoon was also featured in the Mexican War.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
The physical qualities of the Colt Walker. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
400 mm
15.75 in
O/A Length
229 mm
9.02 in
Barrel Length
4.54 lb
2.06 kg
Single-Action; Rotating Cylinder
.44 Ball; .45 Ball
6-round rotating cylinder
Iron Front.
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Colt Walker. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
300 ft
91.4 m | 100.0 yds
1,100 ft/sec
335 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Notable series variants as part of the Colt Walker Six-Shot Revolver family line.
Colt Walker - Base Series Designation.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Colt Walker. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): Eli Whitney, Jr Whitneyville / Colt Firearms - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
1 / 1
Image of the Colt Walker
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Colt Walker Six-Shot Revolver appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)