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Type 94 90mm


Infantry Mortar (1935)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

The Type 94 90mm infantry mortar debuted with IJA forces in 1935.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/17/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Type 94 infantry mortar was a large-caliber field weapon of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) that maintained firepower qualities more akin to that of a field artillery piece than that of a conventional mortar. The weapon was fitted with a long 90mm firing tube and weighty baseplate as well as an adjustable bipod stand. The firepower inherent in the Type 94 meant that it could be used as a portable and highly devastating artillery piece when such a battlefield component was not available. Otherwise, she served as a heavy mortar when needed as such. The weapon excelled in the jungle warfare prevalent throughout the Pacific campaigns of World War 2.

Like other infantry mortars of this class, the Type 94 consisted of three major components made up of the aforementioned firing tube, baseplate and bipod. The system could be broken down into these elements for ease of transport. The firing tube made up the length of the Type 94 system and was smoothbore in nature (no rifling therein). A recoil cylinder was mounted along the side of the firing tube with a yoke slide at the rear. The baseplate was specifically designed as heavy and rectangular in shape, developed to absorb much of the violent recoil from the weapon system at the point the mortar met the ground. The bipod was fitted under and aft of the muzzle and featured two staked "feet" that were driven a ways into soft ground for forward support. The bipod also held the adjustment controls that allowed a Type 94 crew the ability to manage traverse and elevation degrees by way of a twist knob and rotating hand crank respectively. Elevation was limited to +45 to +80 degrees. Barrel length was over 4 feet and weight was 350 lbs (hence the requirement of multiple crew to manage and transport the weapon). Operational range was in the vicinity of 4,100 yards with a muzzle velocity of 745 feet per second.

Due to its weight, the Type 94 served well as a static defensive emplacement. Its large and heavy size precluded it from being readily transportable to dynamic fronts and thusly she sat in prepared positions awaiting the enemy. Such weapons did serve the jungle environment quite well for their lobbed indirect area fire support and the Type 94 did not disappoint, particularly in her use of the powerful 90m high-explosive projectile. The Type 94 served with IJA infantry forces throughout their conflict against China and furthermore against the Allied forces across the Pacific Island Campaigns dotting the World War 2 landscape. American forces faced the weapon in the Battle of the Philippines and the Battle of Guadalcanal to name a few instances where her actions were noteworthy against Allied troops.

Specifications



Service Year
1935

Origin
Imperial Japan national flag graphic
Imperial Japan

Classification


Infantry Mortar


State Factories - Imperial Japan
National flag of modern Japan Imperial Japan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.


Overall Length
1,267 mm
49.88 in
Barrel Length
1,267 mm
49.88 in
Empty Wgt
350.53 lb
159.00 kg
Sights


Traverse and Elevation Controls


Action


Manually-Operated; Firing Pin Activated

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


90mm

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of an infantry mortar projectile / shell
Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot; Reusable Tube
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
12,468 ft
(3,800 m | 4,156 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
745 ft/sec
(227 m/sec)


Type 94 - Base Series Designation


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