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Zastava M76

Sniper Rifle [ 1976 ]

The Zastava M76 served as the standard issue sniper rifle for the Yugoslavian Army throughout the 1980s.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/21/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Zastava Arms M76 sniper rifle is based off of the same Kalashnikov action as seen in the preceding M70 series of automatic weapons, each based on a preceding form of the Soviet-era AKM/AKMS. The major differentiating quality between the Soviet and Yugoslavian designs is the latter fits a muzzle mount to accept a single-shot grenade launcher attachment. The M76 borrows much of the M70s design but instead of chambering for the 7.62x39mm Soviet cartridge, it relies on the more powerful and proven 7.92x57mm Mauser breed. As such, the M76 is oft-compared with the form and function of the Soviet/Russian SVD sniper rifle family. The M76 was designed in 1975 and issued beginning in 1976 to specialists of the Yugoslavian Army and served within a variety of warring parties throughout the violent and deadly Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s concerning Croatia, Bosnia, Kosovo and Serbia. Since then, the type has been replaced - at least in the Serbian Army - by the newer Zastava Arms M91 sniper rifle series chambered for the original and readily available Soviet 7.62x54mmR cartridge.

The M76 can be fielded as a designated marksman rifle (DMR) or sniper rifle as required by the field commander. A designated marksman works in conjunction with an infantry squad, utilizing additional marksman training to engage targets at further distances with precision than the range available with a carbine, assault rifle or squad support machine gun. For the role, the designated marksman makes use of the repeating action found in modern semi-automatic rifles. In contrast, snipers are dedicated battlefield units that typically work alongside a spotter in a two-man team and are charged with taking out very specific targets of value utilizing a very specialized set of battlefield survival skills. Snipers, therefore, can make use of semi-automatic rifle systems or manually-actuated bolt -action rifles.

The M76 is a gas-operated, semi-automatic fire only rifle system that is designed specifically for the specialized sniper role. As such, optics are encouraged and backed by the traditional Kalashnikov-style sighting installations. The scope mount is fitted to the top of the receiver (via a side rail) and can accept a variety of optics as required including electro-optical types (the tritium-illuminated ZRAK M-76 4x5.10 is rather typical and based on the Soviet PSO-1 4x24 series). The outward design of the M76 is decidedly Kalashnikov and looks as nothing more than a modified AK-47 assault rifle with a longer barrel, shorter magazine and scope mount as opposed to simply copying the appearance of the SVD. The pistol grip, solid stock and forend all showcase the traditional Kalashnikov wooden furniture and the cocking handle is set to the right side of the body, as is the ejection port. The M76 makes use of a gas-operated firing action with the gas cylinder located conventionally over the barrel assembly. The magazine is a straight 10-shot detachable box. The semi-automatic firing nature of the M76 allows the operator to fire off ten consecutive rounds against a target without the need to reload and realign the target in the scope. Lengthwise, the M76 measures in at 44.7 inches with the barrel being 21.6 inches. Unloaded weight is 9lbs, 4oz and muzzle velocity is rated at approximately 2,300 feet per second.

Unlike other competing Kalashnikov copies - or Kalashnikov-inspired copies - the Zastava approach to their M76 has yielded a sniper weapon system that is both highly reliable and robust and relatively inexpensive to produce in the quantities required. As with the original AK-47 assault rifle, the operation of the M76 and similar Kalashnikov systems is deemed to be rather basic, allowing just about any lightly trained warfighter to engage and neutralize a given target with ease.

At one point it was thought that Zastava had offered export versions of their M76 chambered for the 76.2x51 NATO and 7.62x54R Soviet standard cartridges but this claim has not been proven to date.

Beyond the Serbian Army, the M76 has seen service use in the armies of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Macedonia. North Korea has produced the type locally as the "JeoGyeokBoChong".©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Zastava Arms - Yugoslavia / Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Iraq; Macedonia; North Korea; Serbia; United States; Yugoslavia
Operators National flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina National flag of Croatia National flag of Iraq National flag of Macedonia National flag of North Korea National flag of Serbia National flag of the United States National flag of Yugoslavia
Service Year
National Origin

Long-range accuracy / precision capable; suitable for sniping, particularly when equipped with sighting aids.

1,135 mm
(44.69 inches)
Overall Length
550 mm
(21.65 inches)
Barrel Length
10.14 lb
(4.60 kg)
Empty Weight
Gas-Operated; Semi-Automatic
One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moving bolt.
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
8x57mm IS (7.92x57mm Mauser)
May not represent an exhuastive list; Calibers may be model-specific dependent; Always consult official manufacturer sources.
10-round detachable box magazine
Adjustable Iron; Optional Optics.

Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information.

2,788 feet
(850 meters | 929 yards)
Max Effective Range
2,395 ft/sec
(730 m/sec)
Muzzle Velocity

M76 - Base Series Designation
JeoGyeokBoChong - North Korean local-production variant based on the M76.

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Image of the Zastava M76
A US Army soldier takes aim with his Zastava M76 sniper rifle while covering friendlies in action in Mosul
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Image of the Zastava M76
Iraqi soldiers take aim with their Zastava M76 rifles

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