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AT-7 (Saxhorn) / 9M115 (Mongrel)


Portable Anti-Tank Missile System (1979)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Left side profile illustration view of the AT-7 Saxhorn anti-tank missile launcher; color

Jump-to: Specifications

The AT-7 Saxhorn was first introduced in the late 1970s and is still in use today despite the arrival of the improved AT-13 Saxhorn-2.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/22/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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The AT-7 "Saxhorn" (officially Russian designation of "9K115 Metis", Metis translating to "Mongrel") was developed to coexist alongside the AT-4 "Spigot" series of portable, anti-tank wire-guided missile systems in the Soviet Army inventory. The AT-4 was a large company level weapon system that was fielded with integrated optics, tripod and a large launch tube for the 9M111/9M111-2 and 9M111M series missiles. The weapon system went on to be used by over 30 counties around the world including many Soviet-friendly parties and was produced in the thousands. The AT-7 maintained much of the appearance of the original AT-4 but introduced a revised missile that was lighter in weight, made to modern specifications and featuring a simplified tripod assembly.

Like other anti-tank weapons of this classification, the AT-7 is operated by two specially trained personnel - one to manage the optics and launcher and the other to reload the launch tube component. In this paired fashion, transporting the AT-7 system is divided between the two personnel and up to four missiles are carried by the group. The AT-7 was traditionally issued to such two-man fire teams at the company level as a part of the Soviet motorized rifle companies, each company to tally some three launchers each.

At its core, the AT-7 breaks down into three key components - these being the optics suite, the launch tube and the mount (the latter also known as a launch post). The AT-7 projectile consists of a three-fin stabilized missile that operates initially from a booster before the rocket motor takes over after clearing the launch tube. The missile is then guided along a wire attached from missile to launcher which means that range is somewhat restrictive and line-of-sight on the target is imperative. The missile's warhead is a HEAT (High-Explosive Anti-Tank) shaped charge and weighs in at 5.5lbs. Operational range is approximately 1,000 meters with a 40 meter minimum (the latter for the safety of the firing crew). Despite the standard issue of a tripod with the AT-7 launcher, the system can be fired from the shoulder. The AT-7 launcher can also be utilized in relatively confined spaces with a safety clearance of about six meters directly behind the launcher recognized.

The AT-7 Saxhorn first entered service with the Red Army in 1979 and continues in operation even today. Production has been handled by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau. A newer, modernized version of the Saxhorn - designated as the "AT-13 Saxhorn-2" (known formally as the "9K115-2 Metis-M") - sports a revised missile that is heavier than the original design but features an increased operational range with better penetrative capabilities thanks to its larger warhead. The Saxhorn-2 entered operational service in 1992.

To date, operators of the AT-7 have included (beyond the Soviet/Russian army) Croatia, Hungary, Iran, Moldova, Poland and Syria. Hungary has been known as a producer of the weapon system for interested global parties.

Specifications



Service Year
1979

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Classification


Portable Anti-Tank Missile System


KBP Instrument Design Bureau - Soviet Union / Russia
National flag of Croatia National flag of Hungary National flag of Iran National flag of North Korea National flag of Poland National flag of Russia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Syria Croatia; Hezbollah; Hungary; Iran; Moldova; North Korea; Poland; Russia; Soviet Union; Syria
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Anti-Armor / Anti-Tank / Anti-Material
Designed to engage and defeat armor / enemy tanks at range.


Overall Length
740 mm
29.13 in
Barrel Length
740 mm
29.13 in
Empty Wgt
13.89 lb
6.30 kg
Sights


Included Optics


Action


Optical Wire-Guided

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


94mm

Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot; Reusable
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
3,280 ft
(1,000 m | 1,093 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
3
rds/min


AT-7 (Saxhorn) / 9M115 - Base Series Designation
AT-13 (Saxhorn-2) / 9M131 - Improved Version with reworked missile component.


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