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F1 (Hand Grenade - Soviet)


Hand Grenade


Soviet Union | 1939



"The F1 hand grenade saw service throughout World War 2 for the Red Army and in the years following."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/10/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
"F1" is used to designate a variety of hand grenades of modern design and of the 20th century. The Soviet Union used the F1 designation for its standardized anti-personnel fragmentation infantry hand grenade spawned out of necessity during World War 2 to help combat the scourge of the Nazi invasion of the Motherland, begun through Hitler's "Operation Barbarossa", in June of 1941. As such, the Soviet defense industry awoke and began a massive program to push the German Army back to Berlin. The F1 proved quite effective in its intended role and was, itself, based on the F1 grenade of French origin.

Design of the Soviet F1 was rather straight-forward. The external steel casing was ribbed to ensure a solid hand hold. The fuse was integrated to the grenade body and actuated by manual removal of a safety component. Range was as far as a soldier could throw it and the blast radius within was rather standard - 15 meters for optimal effect and out to 30 meters peripheral. Additionally, shrapnel could reach much further than that due to the explosion. The explosive filling was a Trinitrotoluene (TNT) base of 60 grams. The entire F1 unit weighed in at 600 grams and featured a diameter of 55 millimeters. The fuse could feature a delay of 0 seconds to 13 seconds, this variable nature ensuring that it could be both thrown within a window of relative safety, or used as a hidden boobytrap explosive of sorts, this triggered by some external means depending on the setup.

The F1 saw extensive service with the Red Army in World War 2. It was quantitatively produced to the point that it was also exported out to Soviet satellite nations and allies in the post-war world, ensuring its place in the annals of military history. Its reach was such that the weapon can still be found in the far off places of the world today, a testament to its effective design and global reach.

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Physical
The physical qualities of the F1 (Hand Grenade - Soviet). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
130 mm
5.12 in
O/A Length
1.32 lb
0.60 kg
Weight
Timed Fuse Explosive; Thrown
Action
55mm
Caliber(s)
Single Use
Feed
Not Applicable
Sights
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the F1 (Hand Grenade - Soviet) Hand Grenade family line.
F1 - Base Series Designation.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the F1 (Hand Grenade - Soviet). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): State Factories - Soviet Union
National flag of China National flag of Czechia National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iraq National flag of the Soviet Union

[ China; Czech Republic; Czechoslovakia; Indonesia; Iraq; Soviet Union ]
1 / 1
Image of the F1 (Hand Grenade - Soviet)
Views of the F-1 Soviet fragmentation hand grenade

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
FIRE SUPPORT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The F1 (Hand Grenade - Soviet) Hand Grenade appears in the following collections:
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